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Is Modi the Bismark of India?

Updated on September 15, 2019
emge profile image

An air warrior, MG has a checkered and also wields the pen forcefully with two novels and over 100 short stories

For the last seven decades, Article 370 of the Indian Constitution coupled with Article 35a was like an anchor around the necks of the Indian leaders. The person who was responsible for this great charade was none other than the first Indian prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He cleverly directed Gopalaswami Iyengar to move the bill in the constituent assembly in 1949. He himself was in the USA at that time. There were many who opposed this amendment and some Congress leaders like Shyam Prasad Mukherjee and even Dr. Ambedkar were not in favor of it.

Amending the Constitution

Despite a lot of contrary opinions that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who was the Deputy Prime Minister opposed the bill, yet the fact is that he was the man who piloted this bill in the Assembly. However, a provision was made that it was a temporary amendment and would be removed in due course of time

History records that instead of this article being removed, another obnoxious amendments section 35a was incorporated without going to Parliament and just getting it approved by a presidential order signed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the president. He duly signed on the dotted line as desired by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

Seeds of Autonomy

Both these articles effectively granted autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir and the state was allowed to have its own flag and constitution. No laws of the Indian Union were applicable in Jammu and Kashmir until it was approved by the state assembly. Thus the Indian Penal Code was not legal in Jammu and Kashmir where the Ranbir Penal Code was in force.

As per this article, India has only responsibility for defence, currency, and foreign relations. Nehru died in 1964 and one really wonders what was his motive in having these articles incorporated into the constitution. For the next 55 years after Nehru's death, this obnoxious article continued and was one of the reasons that the state of Jammu and Kashmir was not integrated with the Indian Union.

Jihad and Insurrection

The central government was so weak that Jihadist elements in the Kashmir Valley started attacking Hindus from 1989 onwards and many Hindu women were either abducted, raped and forcibly married to Muslims after conversion

.Almost 2 lakh Hindus fled the valley and the Congress government at the center led by Narasimha Rao was unable to act and just sat on its haunches. One cannot understand how Congress leadership allowed this to continue

Separatist thoughts were planted in the valley and Pakistan which wanted to avenge the breakup of East Pakistan and Bangladesh worked out a plan for a Jihadi insurrection. They sent Mujahaddin into the valley and indoctrinated the Muslim population under the guise of Islamic thought and so the seeds of terrible insurrection against the central government were sown. With article 370 in force, the hands of the central government were tied as law and order is a state subject and nothing much could be done. The insurrection has continued in the valley for almost two decades.

Modi Strikes

BJP led by Narendra Modi rode to power in 2019 with a bigger majority and it's to the credit of Mr. Modi that he caught the bull by the horns in abrogating Article 370. His planning along with the security advisor Ajit Doval and Home Minister Amit Shah was immaculate as he had done his homework. Thousands of additional soldiers were positioned. The aim was to present the population of the valley which is 99% Muslim with a fait accompli.

He further downgraded the state from full-fledged state to a union territory. He also bifurcated the state into an additional union territory of Ladakh; a predominantly Buddhist area. The Buddhists have welcomed this as along they had felt discriminated.

The restrictions are still in force and one will have to wait and see what happens once they are lifted. But the problem is localized as only the Muslim region which is targetted by Pakistan is restive. There is Jammu region but it has a majority Hindu population. The Pakistan government has hatched a plan to foment trouble in the valley and that is the acid test of Modi's resolve.

Future

The future is not rosy but in the long run, the step taken now will have an effect as all the laws of the Indian union will be applicable. In addition, citizens from other parts of the country will be able to settle in the valley. Much as we dislike, the creation of a homogenous region with a mixed population is the best insurance for Kashmir to be a part of India.

Bismark united Germany and Modi invite comparison with a similar approach. Its anybody's guess with Pakistan bent on stoking the embers of a Jihadi insurrection how the Indian state will be able to stamp it out. All said and done the signs are propitious.

Last word

Modi is also likely to take a leaf out of the way China handled the Sinkiang problem of Muslim Uighur revolt. He is a man with an iron will and its apt to think he is the Bismark of India.

Comments

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    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      19 months ago from Singapore

      Thank you col for a relavent comment

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      19 months ago from Singapore

      Suny,

      Thank you. Modi is more than just a able leader. He is a visionary

    • profile image

      Lt Col Shamsher Singh 

      19 months ago

      Excellent post. There is no doubt Modi is a cut above all leaders who ruled India after 1947.

    • zovit22 profile image

      Suny Ag 

      19 months ago from Australia/India

      I am sure the result will be positive. Modi is more capable than he shows he is. He is everything well planned in advance and won't let anyone fail him. He has able allies in Shah, NSA and army chief.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      19 months ago from Singapore

      Thank you Devika for commenting.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      19 months ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Interesting and informative as I don't pay attention to what's going on in the world. It is corrupt and not worth my good time spent on listening to the negative stories. You told me lots here and I appreciate your concerns in this political gem.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      19 months ago from Singapore

      Pamela, Great you have commented. India is passing through a difficult phase, let's hope the best for the future

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      19 months ago from Sunny Florida

      It certainly sounds like you have seen the problem in these pariicular articles, I wish the best foer India and these articles sure have not been temporary. I appreciate your well written articles to enlighten me about the problem India faces in the future.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      19 months ago from Singapore

      Chitrangada,

      Sweet of you to have spared time to comment

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      19 months ago from New Delhi, India

      Great article, as always.

      This is the right perspective about the article 370 and 35 a. There is so much fake news going on, especially on the web. Your article will enlighten many people, who don’t know the ground reality. Let’s hope for the best.

      Thanks for sharing.

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