ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Janusz Korczak - A War Hero

Updated on June 20, 2020

In the Holocaust, there were individuals who practiced passive resistance. One such person is Janusz Korczak. Janusz Korczak made a tremendous impact on the lives of many Jewish children.”He devoted his life to putting smiles on children’s faces and….. making adults better people.” (Misha, a Jewish teacher who trained with Janusz Korczak.)

Korczak was born on July 22, 1878, and died on August 7, 1942. He was born into an assimilated Jewish family in Warsaw, Poland. His father’s name was Jozef Goldszmit and his mother’s name was Cecylia Gebicka. His father was an attorney that made a lot of money but became mentally ill when Korczak was still very young. This really affected the lives of Korczak and his family. During his youth, he played with children who were poor and lived in bad neighborhoods. Even when he was young, he had a passion for helping disadvantaged youth. Korczak went to study for a doctor at The University of Warsaw but always wanted to start writing. He began writing in 1901, his first books were called, “Children of the streets” and in 1906, “A Child of the Salon”.

After he finished University, he was forced to join the Russian Army as a doctor. In 1908, Janusz Korczak began working with orphans and taking groups of children to summer camps. He also worked in a Jewish children’s hospital at the age of thirty. In 1912 Korczak was appointed director of a Jewish orphanage in Warsaw. Even though Korczak did not have a wife, the closest woman to him was Stefania Wilczynska, who was his partner at work. He treated all the orphan children like his own. “Children are the people of tomorrow, but the people of today.”(Janusz Korczak). Once again when Janusz Korczak was thirty-six, he was drafted into the Russian Army for military service, there, he wrote another of his famous works, “How to Love Children.”

Janusz Korczak practiced passive resistance when he was an adult. At the time of war, Korczak was working in a children’s orphanage, the Germans told them to move into a ghetto, and soon would be deported into Treblinka, an extermination camp. Even though Korczak was offered shelter on the Arayan side, he refused, he didn’t want to leave the orphaned children alone. He did not plan this act beforehand, because he did it from his heart. On Thursday, August 6th, 1942, Korczak was deported with his two hundred children, they first walked three miles, and then brought to Treblinka, Extermination camp. He was successful in staying with the children, but Korczak and the children were all murdered in the hands of German Nazi Officers. Korczak will be remembered because of his heroic act and love for all children.

Today, Janusz Korczak is remembered as a “legendary figure”. When the war ended, unions that had connections with Korczak were formed in Poland, Israel, Germany, and many other countries to spread his love for children and to keep his memory alive. People also made different kinds of literature about him, like books, films, and plays. We should remember Janusz Korczak because he never gave up and he had a big heart.” As for that last decision to go with the children to Treblinka, It was part of his nature. It was who he was. He wouldn’t understand why we are making so much of it today.”(Misha, Jewish teacher who trained with Janusz Korczak).Korczak always wanted to change the world to make it a better place to live in, for himself and for everyone else. “ It is inadmissible to leave the world as one finds it.”(Janusz Korczak) Inadmissible means “not to be tolerated or allowed”.

Janusz Korczak was a huge influence on the people of today. Resistance was very dangerous and still, Korczak undertook passive resistance, risking his life to stay with hundreds of children before their death.


© 2020 Emilie Rashcovan


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)