Great Achievments of Rome
The water aquaduct
This was a 260 mile long tunnel full of water mostly made of concrete waterproof and non-water proof concrete. these aqueducts were carrying water from springs. The aqueduct was mostly made of arches which helped save resources.
These aqueducts used gravity to flow. The water even has to go uphill at one point but it is pushed by the weight of the water going downhill like a siphon. The water even went through some purification parts of the tunnels.
These aqueducts powered many fountains and gave water to all of rome with a population of about 1 million.
It is said that the Romans even reenacted naval battles in their Colosseum with the use of hundreds of gallons of water from the aqueducts.
The Romans had a market place with buildings that could out match the size of a modern day shopping mall. you could be on the second level looking down to the lower level just like a mall. This building was 5 stories high.
They would sell jewelry, fish, grains, silk, pottery, wine, olives, and any other major item of their culture.
The market place was connected to another huge structure called Trajan's forum. This was like the time square of Rome. Armed with a library, the market place, and courts of law.
The Circus Maxi Mus
The circus maxi mus is still to this day the one of largest structures ever built for entertainment. This amazing structure was first wooden and built in 329BC. 31 BC a fire destroyed the structure; It was rebuilt by Emperor Augustus.
A second fire, in 64 AD took the structure again. That burned much of Rome during the reign of Emperor Nero.
After a third fire the Circus was rebuilt by Trajan in 103 AD. Trajan was at the height of its power and the new Circus Maxi mus made this clear. The older wooden version was now a stone construction, three stories high. The lower part of the seating area was built in marble. The arena was now more than 600 meters long and 150 meters wide.
circus maxi mus is bigger than any other Arena today.
Chariot racing was the main attraction to this structure and it claimed about 50 deaths a year.
other events did take place there such as gladiator events.
250,000 people could sit inside the circus maxi mus.
One of the first uses of concrete decorated with brick and marble.
The Colosseum's original name was Amphitheatrum Flavium. Can be found just east of the roman forum. Construction started 72AD and ended 80AD. Could sit about 50,000 to 80,000 people. Had the worlds first elevators used to raise animals to the arena.
The many uses of this structure were gladiator fights, public speaking, battle re-enactments, executions, and animal hunts.
The structure has taken damage from earthquakes and stone robbers through the ages.
The emperor Caracalla isn't known for being generous or compassionate but, in his reign a giant spa was constructed. From 211AD -217AD the spa was being built.
There was a work force of about 16,000 people Adding about 2,000 tons of material every day to build it in such a small amount of time.
Once finished the spa had Olympic sized swimming pools, giant saunas, 60ft long warm baths, gyms, gardens, and more.
You could get a massage here, get your hair done, or the most common thing just socialize with other civilians.
About 9 million gallons of water was in this place and underneath the luxurious spa was a very hot underground area full of slaves that were heating the many many underground fireplaces.
Man made roads
Romans had a network of roads about 288,000 kilometers long. These roads were very important for communication, moving troops, and gathering resources. At their height these roads were expanding 1/2 a kilometer a day.
They would start out by digging a trench then filling it with concrete and pebbles. then on top of that they would put rocks down with spaces in between so the water could run off the side. They would mostly dig straight through any hills or obstacles in their way so they could keep the roads as straight as possible.