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Kirkstall Abbey, Yorkshire, England

Updated on September 27, 2017
tonymead60 profile image

Tony is now a full-time writer and he has currently 4 published books with many others planned.

Kirkstall Abbey
Kirkstall Abbey | Source

Leeds in Yorkshire

The city of Leeds is a bustling city with much going on. It rivals Manchester and even London for its importance in modern Britain.

Its past like most of West Yorkshire is tied into the textile industry, although not so much as a manufacturer, it was famous for its finished garments and goods.

some of the finest tailors in the world worked in Leeds.

The Armouries is another interesting museum in the heart of the city.

A New Abbey for the Virgin Mary

In 1120 AD the 2nd lord of Bowland and Lord of the manor of Pontefract Henry De Lacy lay seriously ill and fearful that he was about to die. He promised that should he live he would build an abbey to the Virgin Mary for her mercy.

He survived and kept his promise giving land for a monastery and abbey in Barnoldswick now in Lancashire, but then in the great county of Yorkshire. Abbot Alexander and twelve Cistercian monks went from Fountain’s Abbey to begin the work. They tore down the old church to begin their new abbey but after six years they decided that they needed to look for another better site.

Finished in 1152

The abbot set out to find a better site; he came eventually to the heavily wooded Aire valley which at the time was a place for hermits. It was an ideal situation, with a broad river and an easy supply of good millstone grit which was quarried on the opposite valley side. The land was flat and there was also a huge quantity of timber available on site that could be used in the construction and later for fuel. It was also much closer to its mother church at Fountain’s Abbey than Barnoldswick had been. The abbey was finished in 1152

Romantic Movement in Art

An 18th century watercolour by Thomas Girtin is probably the best view we have of how it must have looked before the city grew up around it.

painting by Thomas Girtin
painting by Thomas Girtin | Source

Historical Monuments

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Ideal for a family day out

Today it is beside one of Leeds’ busiest roads towards Ilkley, traffic flashes past hardly noticing it. We went for a day out and really enjoyed the experience. It was good to see families out on the grass having a picnic or an ice cream just enjoying the good weather after such a long, cold and miserable winter. Couples were sat just watching and enjoying the river from permanent benches, it was quite romantic.

River Aire

River Aire
River Aire | Source

Museum and visitor centre

There is a museum and of course an opportunity to buy souvenirs, but don’t go on a Monday; for some reason it is closed to the public, although all the lights were on inside. It is a credit to Leeds that the parkland is so well maintained.

There is not much sense of the place until you wander around the parkland and try to imagine how it must have once looked in its prime.

Medicinal herbs

The abbeys were all built to a very similar pattern and apart from a few minor changes they all conformed to the same plans. Most kept bees and grew medicinal herbs had an apothecary, its own corn mill and hospital. They also had sheep for wool and meat as well as an array of farm animals for their own consumption; the kitchen is almost as big as the chapel. They damned the river with a weir so that they could fish and dug several fish ponds to give them a steady supply of fish and of course always had a good supply of fresh water.

parkland walks

part of the hospital, now over grown
part of the hospital, now over grown | Source

Religious artifacts and Relics

They served several purposes, mostly to collect taxes and sell religious trinkets a little like the gift shop today, except you could buy your way into heaven for the right amount of gold. I don’t remember that bit in the New Testament but that was how the Catholic Church saw things at that time, and as they were the only ones who could read the scriptures I suppose they could say just what they wanted. They did not stay closed on a Monday and were always open to the rich and grand of the land.

Beautiful stonework

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Beautiful and introcate stonework
Beautiful and introcate stonework
Beautiful and introcate stonework | Source

Reformation

During the reformation these great bastions of religion came under attack and as Henry VIII squeezed them for more money and took the power away from their masters in Rome so they were abandoned. It was local barons and lords that physically brought them down, often using the stones for other buildings, some of Kirkstall abbey stones provide the stonework for Leeds Bridge. Later on during Elizabeth I’s reign after the horrors of Bloody Mary’s reign of terror there was a backlash against Catholicism which legitimised the complete destruction of the abbeys.

Later History

On 22 November 1539 the abbey was surrendered to Henry VIII’s commissioners and given to Thomas Cranmer, but in 1542, it reverted back to the crown when Cranmer was executed in 1556. Sir Robert Savile purchased the estate in 1584, and it remained in his family's hands for almost a hundred years. In 1671 it passed into the hands of the Brudenell family, the Earls of Cardigan.

During the 18th century the picturesque ruins attracted artists of the romantic movement and were painted by artists including J. M. W. Turner, John Sell Cotman and Thomas Girtin. In 1889 the abbey was sold to Colonel John North, who presented it to Leeds City Council. The Council undertook a major restoration project and the abbey was opened to the public in 1895

Kirkstall Leeds

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kirkstall:
Kirkstall, Leeds, West Yorkshire, UK

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Comments

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    • tonymead60 profile imageAUTHOR

      Tony Mead 

      5 years ago from Yorkshire

      Bac2basics

      Thank you for the support, interest and kind comment.

      regards

      Tony

    • tonymead60 profile imageAUTHOR

      Tony Mead 

      5 years ago from Yorkshire

      Hi my friend

      many thanks for your visit and interest and of course your kind comments.

      regards

      Tony

    • tonymead60 profile imageAUTHOR

      Tony Mead 

      5 years ago from Yorkshire

      dianew

      many thanks for your kind comments, maybe you will visit your Otley cousin and fit it into your visit.

      thank you for vote, and your intererst.

      regards

      Tony

    • bac2basics profile image

      Anne 

      5 years ago from Spain

      Hi Tony.

      Another great hub to keep Yorkshire on the map. Well done lad. :)

    • kashmir56 profile image

      Thomas Silvia 

      5 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hi my friend this article was so interesting and fascinating and great history of how this Abbey began and evolved . It is so well written and researched and the photos are so beautiful. Well done !

      Vote up and more !!! Sharing !

    • dianew profile image

      dianew 

      5 years ago from Spain

      Another winner Tony, well researched and written. Makes me want to visit, if it were not so far away. Maybe one day, as I have a cousin in Otley.

      Voted up and interesting, keep them coming! Diane

    • tonymead60 profile imageAUTHOR

      Tony Mead 

      5 years ago from Yorkshire

      Derdriu

      thank you for your kind visit and comments.

      Rum and raisin is always high on the list, Mr Whippy is the absolute best, in a cone with a chocolate ripple bar to make it what we call a '99'.

      On a hot day there is no better experience than ice cream running over your fingers and the anticipation and excitment of guessing just how much extra ice cream is hidden down inside the cone.

      I would be honoured to be linked to your hub of the Garden-Shelter, thank you for providing me with the address.

      I doff my hat once more to you Oh Celtic Queen and displaced Yorky cousin.

      regards

      TTFN

      Tony

    • profile image

      Derdriu 

      5 years ago

      Tony, You bring us all along with you by the descriptions of the route and the venue and the inclusion of history and vignettes (families picnicking) along the way.

      Is there a particularly favorite ice cream for May/June forays? I always find vanilla particularly popular and satisfying as the first of the summer forays into ice cream-devouring (although I don't know that it's necessarily shared by others on this side of the pond). Does it tend to be served in bowls or cones? Cones are fun for children, but as of the teen years I started preferring bowls because of the messy drippings on face and hands.

      Shared.

      Respectfully, and with many thanks and all the votes for a fascinating trip with you and your family oh Proper Champion Yorkshireman and Owd Yorkie Cousin, Derdriu

      P.S. May I link "A Garden Shelter" (http://derdriu.hubpages.com/hub/A-Garden-Shelter), which is set at a monastery and references land use, to "Kirkstall Abbey"?

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