ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Chemistry for Kids: Learn About Atoms and Bonds

Updated on February 17, 2021

Atoms are the building blocks of everything. Yes, everything! They get together and make up something called matter. You're made of atoms. Your body's cells are made of atoms. Your toys are made of atoms. Your pets are made of atoms. Even the planet Earth is made up of atoms. They have three important parts: protons, neutrons and electrons.

They may be tiny but they’re very important. And when I say tiny, I mean tiny! You can’t even see them with a regular microscope. You need a special microscope called an electron microscope.

The word atom comes from the Greek word atomos, which means indivisible.

An atom is made up of a nucleus, protons, neutrons, and electrons
An atom is made up of a nucleus, protons, neutrons, and electrons | Source

Structure of an Atom

The parts of an atom are:

  • the nucleus
  • protons
  • neutrons

They are called subatomic particles.

The center of an atom is called the nucleus.

The nucleus is made up of protons and neutrons.

Electrons spin in orbits around the exterior of the nucleus.

Proton are positively charged, electrons are negatively charged, and neutrons have no charge.

Electrons move so fast that scientists have to make estimates of their locations.

Scientists believe that protons, neutrons, and electrons are made up of smaller substances called quarks and leptons.

Chemical Bonds

Remember that atoms are the building blocks of matter. But blocks are only useful if you can put them together. Just like with Lego blocks, atoms must be able to stick together. This is called bonding. A chemical bond is the force that holds atoms together in molecules.

There are different kinds of chemical bonds. They are:

  • Ionic bond
  • Covalent bond
  • Metallic bond

Atoms use these different kinds of bonds to form molecules. They can also break bonds.

An example of a chemical bond
An example of a chemical bond

Example of a Chemical Bond

This is an example of a chemical bond involving two elements. F is flourine and Be is beryllium. When they bond they become BeF2 Beryllium Fluoride. Beryllium Fluoride is used to make a type of metal. Interestingly, flourine on it's own is a poisonous gas. Beryllium is a metal.

Atomic Number

The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom is called the atomic number. The atomic number determines the type of atom. Each hydrogen atom has one proton in its nucleus, so hydrogen has an atomic number of 1.

Each atom is associated with a specific chemical element. Atoms are the smallest units of an element. Each chemical element has a unique atomic number. Hydrogen is an example of a chemical element.

This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.

© 2013 JoanCA


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)