ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Learn About Stonehenge and the Neolithic Age for Kids

Updated on February 13, 2013

Hunter Gatherers

People didn’t always live in towns and cities. They didn’t even live in houses. They didn’t farm or stay in one place for very long.

They lived in small groups called bands. They moved around and hunted wild animals. They ate fruits, nuts, honey and berries. They ate bird’s eggs that they found. They even ate snakes and lizards. When they ran out of food in one area they moved to a new place.

These people were called hunter gatherers. They were also called nomads because they moved around a lot. Some lived in tents made from animal hides. Others lived in caves.

Part of a Neolithic settlement in Orkney, Scotland
Part of a Neolithic settlement in Orkney, Scotland

Neolithic Revolution

Then people started farming in Mesopotamia, North Africa and an area called Asia Minor. People started planting seeds and growing their own food. They planted crops like wheat and barley. They domesticated or tamed animals like goats and sheep, which provided meat and wool. Later, they domesticated cattle and pigs. People built homes and decorated them. Settlements grew larger.

Settling down and staying in the same area allowed people to spend more time learning and developing important skills. They learned how to make cloth and sew. They learned how to weave baskets and make pottery. They improved their tool and weapon making skills. When settlements became very large, they could support people who made useful items fulltime.

This period is called the Neolithic or New Stone Age. The Neolithic began in different parts of the world at different times as more hunter gatherers turned to farming. It's often called the Neolithic Revolution. A revolution is a big change. The Neolithic was a very big change from how people lived in hunter gatherer times.


History of Stonehenge

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a monument that was built during the Neolithic Age, more than 5,000 years ago. It's located in an area called Salisbury Plain in England. We don't know how the gigantic stones were moved by early peoples. The stones which weigh many tons had to be transported for miles to their final location. We also don't know how people got the stones standing up. We don't even know the purpose of the monument.

There are many theories about why Stonehenge was constructed by Stone Age people. Some think it may have been an astronomical calendar that predicted solar eclipses and marked the summer and winter solstices. The summer solstice is the longest day of the year and the winter solstice is the shortest.

Others think it was a burial ground, a place where surgery and healing was performed, or where religious rituals were carried out. Skeletal remains have been found there. Stonehenge is a fascinating mystery.

Stonehenge
Stonehenge

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • JoanCA profile imageAUTHOR

      JoanCA 

      5 years ago

      rfmoran,

      I watched a documentary a while back where they tried to recreate how they might have moved the stones. It was definitely a massive undertaking.

    • rfmoran profile image

      Russ Moran - The Write Stuff 

      5 years ago from Long Island, New York

      I've been to Stonehenge. It was an amazing and mysterious experience to stand there and speculate on just who moved those gigantic stones, from where and why. Good hub Joan.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)