ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

MBA Versus University of Life: Which Should Future Entrepreneurs Pick?

Updated on February 25, 2015

Is a postgraduate business education the best route to entrepreneurship?

You can find some stunning examples of gifted and highly successful entrepreneurs, such as Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg or Microsoft’s Bill Gates, who did not pursue such an academic route – but their act sure is a tough one to follow. The world of entrepreneurship presents many challenges, and nowadays many argue that the lack of a strong business education should not be one of them. When dealing with the issues of building infrastructure, finding investors, branding and marketing your product, and competing in a tight global marketplace, the unique and invaluable tools that a high quality MBA program offers can make or break a new entrepreneur, especially when the going gets rough.

MBA vs. University of Life

Do you think that Entrepreneurs with an MBA earn more on average than others?

See results

The Research: An MBA Is Winning Career Move

According to a recent Financial Times survey involving 7,800 graduates from the world’s top 100 business schools, 22% of those who completed an MBA program initiated their own company after graduation and of these, 84% were still operating three years later. These statistics are pretty impressive since on average, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, only 60% of all businesses actually make it to their third year anniversary.

Shely Aronov, who graduated at the top of her class from Stanford Graduate School of Business, launched her San Francisco-based Israeli cuisine business, Yamba Hummus, a year after obtaining her MBA. She comments that Stanford not only provided her with an MBA, but more importantly with the incentive and mentor support to be an entrepreneur. Perhaps without the initial buffering of the Stanford MBA program, Aronov would have doubted her ability to be successful in pursuing her entrepreneurial dream.

Stanford School of Business Grads who founded their own companies were averaging $190,506 three years after graduation, versus their peers who were earning on average $170,433!

The Financial Times survey also refuted long-held assumptions that entrepreneurs must compromise on income in order to launch their companies. Just the opposite—MBA graduate entrepreneurs were on average earning $134,000 compared with $132,000 among MBA graduates in general. Graduates from the Stanford School of Business in California who founded their own companies were averaging $190,506 three years after graduation, versus their peers who were earning on average $170,433 (see data on http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/2/3d3f48f8-95cb-11e4-be7d-00144feabdc0.html). Further, only 5% of entrepreneurs responded that they were forced to forgo a salary for three years after founding their company. 42% of those surveyed stated that, three years after graduation, the start-up they founded was their sole source of income. 36 of the 2011 MBA graduates at MIT Sloan started their own business. Three years later, 86% were still operating and 58% of the founders were receiving their sole source of income from their companies. At Babson College, 39% of the 2011 graduating class founded their own businesses, and three years later, 93% of those businesses were still in operation.

The survey revealed that entrepreneurship success seems to be better for those receiving their MBA from an American university. Out of the five top entrepreneur producing MBA programs, four are in the US: Harvard Business School, Stanford Graduate School of Business, University of Pennsylvania, Wharton, and Columbia Business School. Rounding out the list were the jointly-ranked London School of Business and Insead, in France/Singapore.

Essential Business Survival Tools from the MBA Classroom

The MBA classroom environment provides budding entrepreneurs with important skills that cannot be obtained elsewhere. For instance, students learn how to:

  • Identify, assess and respond to threats in the global economy
  • Market and compete in a very competitive environment
  • Brand their product or service
  • Identify and market specifically to target audiences
  • Maximize all the advantages of social media and Big Data

Through the examination of case studies of start-ups, MBA students learn what influences cause a company to succeed or fail. The MBA incubator environment allows entrepreneurs to begin to germinate their ideas in a safe place, where they can raise capital, network with successful entrepreneurs in relevant industries, prepare their business plans and present their ideas. For example, the Harvard Business School Rock Accelerator Program helps promising entrepreneurs develop their business ideas, including providing financial assistance and mentor support.

With the strong educational foundation and emotional preparedness gained from an outstanding MBA curriculum, a graduate can weather the sometimes stormy tides of the launch-up phase, and avoid becoming discouraged. The analytical skills gained in the classroom, along with an immersion in financial accounting, business management, information systems, communication and marketing, international economics, political structures and leadership make up the toolbox that an entrepreneur needs to survive and be successful.

MBA Programs Are Focused on Entrepreneurs

These facts are not lost on the prestigious business schools as they ramp up their entrepreneurship focus. For instance, according to an article on Fortune, both Harvard and Columbia are seeing a spike in the number of graduate students seeking an entrepreneurship track, between 20-30% at Harvard. And a 2014 report produced by the Graduate Admissions Council—2014 Alumni Perspectives—shows a significant increase in the number of MBA graduates who are founding their own businesses. The survey reveals that as much as 45% of MBA graduates from the years 2010-13 started their own business immediately after graduation. Stanford Graduate School of Business reports that 17% of the 2013 graduating class started their own companies in businesses as varied as internet services, media, finances and entertainment.

The majority of new companies are in the high-tech field, since naturally this is where young minds are focused today, and the proliferating tech market is a natural incentive for emerging business leaders. MBA schools are keeping pace with this reality, focusing on technology development, and opening outreach and support centers in high-tech hubs such as Silicon Valley and Boston.

The Financial Investment in an MBA Pays off Later

Wharton Business School students are very familiar with the successful startups of MBA graduates, such as Quidsi, a baby product company, which was purchased by Amazon in 2010 for $545M, Venmo, a mobile payment app developer, SeedInvest an investment startup and Warby Parker, an eyewear retailer. Wharton students are inspired by these stories, and also see the value of the Wharton Business School degree in manifesting such accomplishments.

The Fortune article gives some great examples of how the MBA program is a recipe for entrepreneurial success. Two Columbia MBA graduates, Wilson and Walsh, launched their own venture called the Thursday Boot Company. Utilizing savvy, edgy Kickstarter advertising, they made $275,000 in 24 hours from the initial sale of their $199 boots. The company founders said they attended business school in order to become entrepreneurs, because they valued the quality of education and the classroom offerings that would stand them strong against the competition. Columbia also provided them with startup lab support, where they could gain crucial branding, marketing and legal advice.

Can You Be a Success without Business School?

There are success stories of entrepreneurs who launched themselves into the corporate world without the benefit of a formal business education. Steve Jobs, founder of Apple, perhaps the best known example. But, modelling yourself after the unique exception is not a high probability path to take. Moreover, in an age of rapidly changing high-technology, social media, short attention spans, intense competition and the necessity of working in an international marketplace, an entrepreneur must be equipped with critical skills and resilience in the face of the inevitable challenges of financial uncertainty and disruptions, stress on family and health, a sense of loneliness, and the need to stand strong in the face of adversity. Surprisingly or not, the business school education still reaps dividends.

Chances to succeed

Do you think MBA grads have better chance to succeed as entrepreneurs?

See results

© 2015 Angela Chao

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)