ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Maria Montessori: Biography, Method, Quotes.

Updated on February 2, 2012
Maria Montessori
Maria Montessori | Source

“The child has a great power, a great inner sensitivity, a great drive to observe and be active.”

~Maria Montessori


Biography

  • Maria Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, Italy in 1870. She grew up in Rome.
  • She studied medicine despite the difficulties a woman faced in a male profession, and has earned numerous awards for her work as a student. She graduated as a Doctor of Medicine and Surgery. After graduation, Dr. Montessori worked at the San Giovanni Hospital that was attached to the university.
  • Later, Dr. Montessori became familiar with works of Edouard Seguin on education of children with mental disabilities, and became interested in education as a science.
  • With a revolutionary approach, she began to work with children with mental disabilities at the asylum of Rome. She believed that these children possessed an ability to learn, but that they simply need a different approach.
  • She lectured throughout the country about the importance of providing good education for children with mental disabilities. In 1900, a school for children with disabilities opened in Rome due to Maria Montessori’s efforts. Her students achieved great academic successes.
  • Soon Montessori became interested in applying similar principles inside a regular classroom; as a result, Casa dei Bambini (Children’s House) opened in Rome, where Montessori’s principles were put to work inside a regular classroom.
  • Montessori traveled all over Europe, America and even India turning the old system of education upside down, lecturing, and training teachers.
  • She was nominated for Nobel Peace Prize in 1949, 1950 and 1951.
  • Maria Montessori died in 1952 of old age.


Montessori Approach: the following is a list of key points in Montessori method of education.

  • Child centered education.
  • Children should be engaged in sensory learning. They shouldn’t just sit and listen to the instruction or copy down notes from the board, but they should be allowed to touch, interact and “work” with the material that they need to learn.
  • Children should be provided with a prepared environment, which should be set up by a teacher, and the environment should direct students' learning.
  • A child should be allowed to be an active learner, as all children possess absorbent mind, which gives them a natural ability to explore and learn.
  • Children should be free to move around the classroom, to choose their own activity, and to work on it for as long as it holds their interest.
  • The teacher leads by example, but doesn’t interrupt the child. The teacher’s role is being a guide, and not a lecturer.


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Natashalh profile image

      Natasha 

      6 years ago from Hawaii

      I attended a Montessori school as a young child. I still remember the hands on, classroom activities over twenty years later! I love her educational philosophy and wish it were better known and more widely implemented.

    • mvaivata profile image

      mvaivata 

      6 years ago

      What a fascinating woman. I'm sad to say I didn't know much about her, so this has been very enlightening. Thank you so much!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)