# Paradoxal Mathematics the Anomoly in the science of numbers.

## Zeno's Paradox

Zeno's paradox shows us an example of something that mathematically can be proven to be true, that in reality isn't.

*The Paradox:**One cannot ever reach a destination, because in order to reach the destination one must first cover half the distance to the destination. Since there are infinite halves, one will always have another half to cover and therefore will never reach the destination.*

Then why do we go splat if we jump out of a building?

I believe the problem lies in the understanding of the concept *'nothing'*. As in down to zero or down to nothing.

The mathematical scale implies that zero has no value, it is nothing, absolute nothing. I think it is more readily understandable if we look at it like temperature.

0c(zero)or -32f is the temperature when water freezes. Even though it is numerically named nothing it truly isn't, it has a value in a scale. ** Absolute Zero** is the utter absence of temperature of any kind.

## The Facts... according to Mikel

Mathematically the inability to arrive at a destination is akin to not being able to produce a temperature of absolute zero. Us getting to our destinations is akin to getting to a temperature scale value that is assigned as zero degrees.

The value of the distance '0' is a value. The shrinking by halves that occurs as we fall eventually gets so small that it becomes 0, which is why we go splat. The math tries to make 0 into nothing, a value that does not exist. (just like the absolute zero temperature.)

Which looks good on paper, but is quickly proven wrong by reality and the infinite kisses that it provides.

In other words zero has a value, it starts here and ends there, even though according to the math it doesn't have a starting or an ending point and therefore cannot be reached.

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http://hubpages.com/forum/topic/38091#top

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## Particle-Wave Duality

Another concept that seems to be a paradox exists in Physics.

From Wikipedia:

"Wave-Particle Duality postulates that all particles exhibit both wave and particle properties. A central concept of quantum mechanics, this duality addresses the inability of classical concepts like "particle" and "wave" to fully describe the behavior of quantum-scale objects. Standard interpretations of quantum mechanics explain this paradox as a fundamental property of the universe."

I can't help but see the possible correlations between these two mathematical paradoxes. The paradox involved with the wave-particle duality concept is in the nature of matter. As I understand it: Light Particles are matter and therefore have mass. Light Waves are energy and therefore are not matter and have no mass. Therin lies the rub, either it is matter or it isn't. Einstein's answer is it/they are both, they are and aren't at the same time. Sounds like kinda pregnant to me.

If Einstein is correct and they are both 'always' existent then both are 'always' matter. Then relativity is flawed, because matter cannot travel at the speed of light, since this paradox states light is always matter, and since light always travels at the speed of light...either matter can travel at the speed of light or light isn't matter.

"The idea of duality originated in a debate over the nature of light and matter that dates back to the 17th century. Current scientific theory holds that all particles also have a wave nature (and vice versa). This phenomenon has been verified not only for elementary particles, but also for compound particles like atoms and even molecules. In fact, according to traditional formulations of non-relativistic quantum mechanics, waveâ€“particle duality applies to all objects, even macroscopic ones; but because of their small wavelengths, the wave properties of macroscopic objects cannot be detected."

Which means it isn't only light that both has matter and doesn't. It is everything in existence, including us. This suggests to me that the speed limit Einstein proposes in Relativity, might have already been taken care of through our nature and natural ability to be both matter and energy. Perhaps it is this energy that we have named the soul?

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http://hubpages.com/forum/topic/85182#top

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The only thing I can honestly say that I have taken away from this brief trip in Quantum Mechanics is... even Einstein isn't sure the math adds up.

I kinda wish I could believe like you Math guys do. But the fact remains that I don't.

I believe sometime in the future people will be whisking around at 10X the speed of light. Time will remain constant to both them and the millions of outside observers. I believe there will be people sitting around in chat rooms discussing the mathematically sound principle of Relativity that is proven to be yet another paradox of reality by the faster than light trips to work they take everyday. Just like the conversations that we of today have about Zeno's Paradox, the mathematically sound principle that touch is impossible.

Perhaps they are one and the same, the principle of ** Paradoxal Mathematics**.

## Comments

Is this theory the same as there is no such thing as "half a hole"

A hole is a hole - their is never a quarter, half, or 3/4's of a hole.

Just a thought, I am easily confused

I studied quantum physics back in my college days. I have always found this concept very interesting as it seems to defy nature and yet quantum leaps do occur. I have always found "zero" an interesting number. I have read the book "123 Infinity" many times in my life. And each time I get different ideas from it.

So as you can see, your hub was right up my alley. I enjoyed your way of combining the two concepts. It makes a lot of sense and I never thought of it that way before...

The nothingness of zero makes it more acceptable to imagine that a particle can move from point A to point B without ever existing in the middle.

Conventionally, the particle state of light, the photon, has no mass. It has speed and momentum, but no mass. Take that as you will. I'm an engineering, not a physicist, so I can't go too deep into theory here, however your last paragraph made me think of this http://io9.com/5963263/how-nasa-will-build-its-ver...

Its a long way off, but in theory, a very large amount of energy is used to expand and contract space ahead and behind a craft, moving space itself around the craft to try and remedy the generated flaw in space time. Since the craft isn't technically moving though, it is able to "warp" at a speed faster than light, without ever moving fast than light. A bit of a loophole in relativity haha