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Parrot Fish

Updated on August 2, 2009
Parrot Fish
Parrot Fish

All about Parrot Fish

What is Parrot Fish

Parrot fish are mostly tropical, perciform marine fish. Peciformes are the largest order of vertebrates and include about 40% of all bony fish. The parrotfish family contains ten genera and about 90 species. A group of parrot fish is called school.



Mucus

A number of parrotfish species excrete two different mucus types during day and night. Prior to going to sleep each night, the parrotfish extrudes mucus from its mouth, forming a protective cocoon that envelopes and secures the fish at a particular location and hides its scent from any predators.



Name

Parrot fish are named for their dentition; their numerous teeth are arranged in a tightly packed mosaic on the external surface of the jaw bones, forming a parrot-like beak which is used to rasp algae from coral and other rocky substrates. Also most species of parrot fish are brightly colore with shaed of blue, green, red and yellow like parrots.



Family

Their family is called Scaridae.



Distribution

They are found on shallow reefs of the Red Sea, Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans in large numbers.



Life span of a Parrot Fish

They can live upto 7 years in the wild.



Diet of a Parrot Fish

Parrotfish are considered herbivores but the tend to eat a wide variety of organisms. Their feeding activity help the production and distribution of coral sands in the reef biome and can prevent aglae from chocking coral.



Size

Maximum sizes of these fish do not vary widely within the family. Majority of parrotfish species reach 30 to 40 cm in length. But there are exceptions as a very few parrotfish species are much larger in size, just like the bumphead parrot fish which can reach 100 cm. Some can reach 120cm in length. They can weigh upto 20 kg (45 pounds).



Interesting Facts about Parrot Fish

Some female parrotfish can change their gender and turn themselves into males. Some dominant male parrot fish maintain harems of females. If the dominant male dies, one of the females will change gender and color and become the dominant male. (Sounds really interesting to me)

Their teeth keep on growing continuously.

One parrot fish can chew coral into 90 kg of sand each year.

Much of the sand in the parrot fish's range is actually the ground-up, undigested coral these fish excrete.

In Polynesia their meat is served raw and was once considered "royal food," only eaten by the king.

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    • EverythingMouse profile image

      EverythingMouse 7 years ago

      What amazing looking fish!

    • rb11 profile image

      rb11 7 years ago from Las Vegas

      This is one of the more colorful fish we have seen. It has the look of possibly blending in with the corral as well as aiding it with it's diet.

      Regards

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      Yes EverythingMouse, this fish is really beautiful... I also loved it when I saw its pics for the first time.

      Rb11 once again you have a very valid point... I wonder if marine biologists or specialists have thought of this aspect. Well, if they haven't then they will love it if you can help them out with this and then.

    • ethel smith profile image

      Eileen Kersey 7 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      Such beautifully coloured fish

    • dohn121 profile image

      dohn121 7 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

      Wow, I had no idea that they could weigh up to 45 pounds and can grind coral into sand. I also didn't know that the female can perform a natural sex change operation! Could it be that they are hermaphrodites like flowers? This was really fascinating. Thanks, UH.

    • Ultimate Hubber profile image
      Author

      Ultimate Hubber 7 years ago

      I am glad you enjoyed my article Dohn. Well, during my research on them I didn't read anywhere about these fish being hermaphrodites so they might not be.

    • profile image

      cassdy 7 years ago

      this gives lots of facts

    • profile image

      stephanie 6 years ago

      what is the parrot's fish class, order, what is the average n umber of offspring at birth and how often? also what is the incubation/gestation of parrot fish? thank you for your time.

    • profile image

      none of ur buisseness 5 years ago

      cool

    • profile image

      caca 5 years ago

      im not interested because i knew all that

    • profile image

      jenny 5 years ago

      hey people i do not know nothing

    • profile image

      franco 5 years ago

      hello people the frie you

    • profile image

      ANNA 5 years ago

      I HAVE 2 PARROT FISH I JUST LOVE THEM THEY ARE SO INTERSTING AND HAVE THIER OWN SPECIAL PERSONALITYS.

    • profile image

      billy 5 years ago

      WOW THIS GAVE ME NO IMFORMATION IM TIRED OF READING ITTTTTTTTT GOD HELP ME

    • profile image

      HLENGIWE 4 years ago

      WOW (WHICH IS MOM UPSIDE DOWN) THIS IS REALLY REALLY REALLY REALLY REALLY REALLLLLLLLLLLYYYYY INTERESTING STUFF I NEVER KNEW FISH COULD DO SUCH STUFF.

    • profile image

      4 years ago

      awesome

    • profile image

      pj 4 years ago

      most insteresting collge project cause of this

    • profile image

      4 years ago

      i love the parrot fish because of their color. i love how the colors look on the fish!!!!!!!!!!!!! and a lot of interesting things about the parrot fish!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Cici 4 years ago

      I'm only on here to do a sciene project but parrot fish are beutiyful fish!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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