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Quantum Vacuum Zero Point Energy

Updated on September 18, 2015

Zero Point Energy Demonstration with Liquid Helium

So What Exactly IS Zero Point Energy?

Admittedly, it does sound like a bit of a redundancy. The basic definition though, is the lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical physical system may have. Quantum mechanics deduces that zero point energy is the energy that remains when all other energy is removed from the system. This can be demonstrated by liquid helium. All gases, when cooled, condense. Two gases often used in their liquid forms are nitrogen and helium. As the temperature for liquid helium is lowered below absolute zero it sustains its liquid form rather than freezing and solidifying. Owing to the immutable zero-point energy of its atomic motions.

Depiction of Inflation Theory
Depiction of Inflation Theory | Source

ZPE's Place In Space

The Inflation Theory combined with the idea of a zero-energy universe suggest that just a tiny bit of energy, at least a tiny bit of volume in which inflation can begin, is needed to kick off the event, so to say. The universe would then experience inflationary expansion without creating net energy. So then what produced the energy before inflation? As ludicrous as it sound, it is implied the energy could have come from absolutely nothing. It is important to remember that "nothing" is multivocal in this particular case. All concepts of space and time were created with the Universe, so nothing could be nothing, or it could be the vacuum in preceding space. Either way, if this theory holds to be true, our Universe would have a total energy of zero and would have come from nothing. This concept is absolutely extraordinary.

Is ZPE absolute?

We cannot essentially define it as an absolute, but most likely every physicist accepts the probability of realism behind the mathematics suggesting it. (These remarkable mathematical equations are quite difficult to understand if you're not seasoned in this area of physics.) As a consequence of their wave-like nature, all quantum mechanical systems experience variances even in their ground state and have correlated zero point energy. The Heisenburg uncertainty principle asserts that no quantum object can ever be brought completely to rest. There will always be just a tiny little bit of energy the object will possess. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle can also provide natural explanation for energy being obtained from nothing, through Quantum Fluctuations, which are Particles and Anti-particles that impulsively form and very expeditiously destroy one another WITHOUT violating the law of energy conservation. Lab experiments have proven that quantum fluctuations appear everywhere. So, maybe, could quantum fluctuations taken place BEFORE the birth of the Universe? Although most of them quickly disappeared, one lone survivor could have sustained a sufficient lifetime and had just the right conditions for inflation to happen.

What is truly fascinating about ZPE, is that in just ONE cubic centimeter, it contains more energy than all the stars and space within our galaxy through millions of years. It is omnipresent through the entire Universe. Each cubic centimeter of space consists of the same amount of ZPE, which is a massive amount of energy. There has been observational evidence implying the amount of ZPE has escalated over time, which demonstrates it's own affect on the speed of light.

What is Vacuum Energy?

Vacuum energy is defined as the zero-point energy of ALL fields in space. This includes our electromagnetic field, the Higg's field and other fermionic fields as well. In quantum field theory, the energy of the vacuum is not defined as empty space, rather a ground state of the fields. Vacuum energy is just one possible explanation for the cosmological constant.

Zero Point Energy Nano Wand
Zero Point Energy Nano Wand | Source

ZPE In Your Home?

Did you know that zero point energy is now being applied to devices that can change someone's everyday life? One example, which i'm sure a number of you may have heard of, is the Zero Point Energy Wand. Although it may look like just a simple, boring pen, it actually contains granulated minerals and crystals fused and structurally bonded together at a molecular level to resonate at Zero-Point Energy. These crystals are said to be powerful energy amplifiers. They can absorb, release, store and help regulate energy, which promotes a remarkable speed up in the general healing process. Headache relief, reduced stress, increase in circulation as well as energy and better sleep are common benefits.


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    • Ruth Angel profile imageAUTHOR

      Ruth Mata 

      3 years ago from New Mexico

      Thank you!

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      wow, you hub is still at the apex! great!

    • 1701TheOriginal profile image

      Leonard Kelley 

      3 years ago

      I actually wrote a hub about a possible multiverse detection through gravitational waves and am working on a hub about the possible alternate models of universe evolution.

    • Ruth Angel profile imageAUTHOR

      Ruth Mata 

      3 years ago from New Mexico

      My general understanding of ZPE derives from the inflation theory and not so much particle physics. Im a first year student and obviously not near as experienced as would be required to understand the full mathematics. But the theory is quite fascinating. Theres also another theory floatung about, that hypothesizes, that should a parellel universe exist and some how collide with our own, that it would create enough energy to destroy what is our current universe and inturn begin the process all over again in terms of a "big bang." 1701theoriginal, do you think this is a viable theory? And could it have been possible that our universe began the same way?

    • 1701TheOriginal profile image

      Leonard Kelley 

      3 years ago

      The best hope for ZPE is if gravitational waves from the Big Bang can be found. Then it would solve this AND a possible theory of everything, plus hints of what was before the Big Bang. And the implications for ZPE are far-reaching beyond the Big Bang as well.


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