- Education and Science
Some Mysterious Places of the World!
In this great world there are many mysterious places still remaining as puzzles to mankind. The stories and facts behind them are really interesting to learn and nobody knows the answers for the questions such as Why?, How?, When? and etc. Let us see some of them here.
Stonehenge is a circle of 17 upright stones called sarsens which stand on Salibury plain in South West England. The stones weigh up to 50 tonnes and have other stones, called lintels, laid across the top. There is also inner circle of smaller blue stones weighing up to 4 tonnes each. Stonehenge is only stone circle in the world with lintels across the top of the stones and experts think it was completed in about 1500 BC. They believe that sarsen stones were transported from 32 Km away and the blue stones came from the incredible 250 Km away. In that old period with out transport facilities at least 600 men would have been needed to move each sarsen stone on some of the steepest parts of the journey. Nobody knows exactly why Stonehenge was built, but it may have been a druids' temple or even a kind of astronomical calendar.
The Nazca Lines
The Nazca Lines are enormous drawings on the ground (called geoglyphs) that stretch across Nazca Desert in southern Peru. They show more than 300 geometric patterns, spirals and animals. The lines are so vast (one extends 65km) they can only be seen properly from a height of about 300m. The lines were first noticed when commercial aeroplanes began to fly over Peru in the 1920s. Most experts agree that they were made by the Nazca Indians who lived in the region between 300 BC and AD 800, but there are many questions yet to be answered about them. For example, why were the nazca drawings made and how are they so precise if their makers had no means to view them from the sky?
The Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramids
The Great Pyramids of Egypt are still remaining as one of the mysterious things of the world. They are lying approximately at the centre of total land mass of the world (i.e) each side of the pyramids covers 25 % of the land mass of the world. They were built as tombs for the died kings and queens, and in that age it was the exclusive privilege to have pyramid tomb. It is really amazing that how they would have been built with zero mathematical errors as the pyramids are such things which need a correct ratio of height and side to get all equal sides. They have been built by the huge lime stones each weighing 4 to 10 tonnes. About thousands of hard working people would have been required to set, lift and transport those huge stones.
Today, there are more than 93 pyramids in Egypt. Of them three are big in size and were built in the period of cica 4650 B.C. Khufu's pyramid is the biggest and was built by 13 million number of lime stones each weighing about 5 tonnes. It was built on a square base with sides measuring 230 metre covering 13 acres. Its four sides face four cardinal points precisely, and it has an angle of 52 degrees. The original height of pyramid was 146.5 metre, and today it's only 137 metre, and the 9 metre is missing due to the theft of fine quality lime stones by Ottoman Turks in the 15 th century to build house and Mosques.
The Bermuda Triangle
The Bermuda Triangle is an area of Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Florida. It is the most mysterious for being supposed site of many unexplained disappearances of ships and flights which once crossed this area. The three points of the triangle are Miami, Bermuda and San Juan in Puerto Rico. In 15th century , Christopher Columbus claimed to have seen a 'great flame of fire' falling into the ocean in the area. The mystery of Bermuda Triangle first began to attract attention in 1945, when Flight 19 a training mission of five US bombers, vanished off the Florida coast. The that was sent to find them also disappeared, and around 100 boats and aircraft have also been lost there. All the disappearances of air-crafts and boats happened mostly at night times. Explanations include magnetic fields, sea monsters and abduction by aliens. But, some experts are believing that disappearances are caused by magnetic field or bad weather conditions.
Easter Island lies in the South Pacific between Chile and Tahiti, and is one of the most isolated island of the world. By the 16 th century, Easter Island had nearly 10,000 inhabitants who had made huge statues known as moai. The 827 moai were carved from the island's volcanic and have long and angular faces. The average moai was about 4 m tall and weighed about 14 tonnes, so they would have been extremely difficult for the islanders to transport. Archaeologists believe that the moai statues symbolize the spirits of Easter Island's most important inhabitants.
In AD 600 Teotihuacan in Mexico was the sixth largest city in the world and about 200,000 people lived there at that time. Just 150 years later the whole Teotihuacan was almost deserted and the plants had begun to grow upon the huge pyramids. Nobody knows why Teotihuacan was abandoned, but it may have been devastaed by a huge fire in AD 650.