ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Sample DBQ response to "Hammurabi's Code: Was it Just?"

Updated on December 29, 2017
profile image

We've all been to high school, this is to help the poor ones in need of help. Hi.

Hammurabi's Code

Here's the sample. I went with the unjust narrative. FYI, this was written when I was in the tenth grade and I'd like to mention I've improved a lot since.

Was Hammurabi’s Code Just?

The topic of justice is always controversial, usually it is about the punishments dealt out and whether or not they are just. Hammurabi’s Code, the earliest complete group of laws complied, is comprised of 282 laws written by Hammurabi. Hammurabi was the sixth Amorite King of Babylon, who lived about 400 centuries ago and ruled for about 42 years. The Babylonian King ruled with a strict sense of justice, but was his sense of justice fair and just to all of his people? There are three areas of laws in Hammurabi’s Code that can prove that the list of laws were unjust to the people.

The family laws in the code written by Hammurabi were unjust because they were biased. They worked in the favor of men. Law 129 said, “if a married lady is caught [in adultery] with another man, they shall bind them and cast them into water.” Men in this time period were allowed to have second wives (as per Law 148) and concubines, but when a woman cheats, she and the person she was with would be thrown into a river to see if they were guilty enough for death. The family laws show further injustice when in Law 195, it clearly states that if a son has struck his father, his hands shall be cut off. It is not fair to forever take the limbs of somebody for hitting their father in a childish burst of anger, especially when the father can strike them without any repercussions.

The Hammurabi Code can further be proven unjust with its property laws. Law 21 states that a man who has broken through the wall of a house to rob it, then the man is subject to death and should be pierced or hung from the hole he made in the wall. While it is not unjust to punish this man, it is unjust to simply execute him. Capital punishment, no matter the offense, is always a very hasty move and decision, because it doesn’t give the person time to fix their mistake or somehow repay those he harmed. There is nothing to gain from executions and the executed person has no chance of repentance or forgiveness. Law 48, another property law, states, “If a man borrowed money to plant his fields and a storm has flooded his field or carried away the crop…. in that year he does not have to pay his creditor.” In this instance that creditor is slighted and loses his money as a direct result. This shows unjust because the law blatantly favors the farmers and gives no thought to the creditor who might seriously be in need of the money.

Hammurabi’s code is full of injustices in terms of the personal laws. In Law 215 and 218, a surgeon who saves the life of a free man is rewarded with silver, but a surgeon who is unable to save the life of the free man is rewarded with his hands cut off. This unjust punishment leads to less people becoming surgeons in fear of being punished for not being able to save some people on some occasions, especially in a time period where few medical supplies were invented. In Law 196 and Law 199 respectively, if a man knocks out the eye of a free man, his would knocked out, but if a man knocks out the eye of a slave, he only has to pay half his value. These laws were unjust because they put the value of one over the other. Justice is supposed to be blind not classist.

Even though there are some laws in the code that may seem just, like the law that prevents a man from unrightfully disowning his son without reason [Law 168]. They do not outweigh the fact that the majority of the Code of Hammurabi was unjust and unfair to the people it affected. The family, property, and personal laws all prove that the code is not just. The fact that Hammurabi himself justified his authority and power with the belief that he has the divine right to rule by the word of a god of justice, Shamash, who gave him the insight in law (shown in the beginning of the code), does not help the argument that people who defend the code have. Overall, Hammurabi’s Code was unjust because of its biased laws and the fact it favors one person over the other in almost all of its laws.


© 2017 Sumaya Ahmed

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)