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Sandro Botticelli "La Primavera"
This is located in the Uffizi Gallery museum in Florence, Italy. Botticelli made this piece for Lorenzo di Pierfrancesce de Medici, who happened to be Lorenzo the Magnificent cousin. La Primavera was made sometime between 1477 and 1482.
Primavera can mean Allegory of Spring in Italian. This is “full of allegorical meanings whose interpretation is difficult and still uncertain.” The characters involved are Venus, who is overseeing all from the center, Cupid from above, Zephyrus on the right as the wind of March, who is grabbing Chloris the nymph – who was actually kidnapped by Zephyrus. Some say she turned into Flora, who is shown here dressed in a white gown covered with flowers, while being pregnant after being married to Zephyrus; who initially raped her. On the left are the 3 Graces and Mercury.
Botticelli seemed to be inspired by the late Classical Greek sculptures in his paintings. You can see this in how the women are painted with their full figures, their archaic smiles; and in reference to reflecting some of the new renaissance ideas there are more accurate rendering of the human figures, how lifelike the landscape is and the classical forms are there in how he put the figural compositions.
© 2014 Jennifer B