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Sex Education - How it affects the spread of HIV/AIDS and other STDs

Updated on June 20, 2011

The National Epidemiology Institute (NEI) of the Philippines, recently issued an alarming survey on the youth's vulnerability on the spread of HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and other sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs).

It was found out that 99 percent of HIV/AIDS inflicted persons are sexually related while the remaining percentage were caused by contaminated blood during transfusion. Most of them are OFWs (Overseas Filipino Workers).

According to the recent statistics, the median age of those PWA (persons with AIDS) is 24 years old.

These alarming realities can be attributed to:

1) lack of knowledge on sex education
2) unprotected sex
3) using social networks for meet ups on casual sex partner

The promiscuity of youth is the leading factor as to why the spread of STDs and HIV/AIDS are increasing.

In this country where the issue about the integration of sex education in school is becoming the banner theme of the church, what do we expect about our youth but to suffer the consequences of unprotected sex.

Even the use of condom became an issue when one of the counties in Makati City issued an ordinance that a doctor's prescription in order to buy such simple protective sex device. what a waste to delve on this topic if the major sectors of the society will not help on the education of the people about SEX.

Chinese children in a sex education class
Chinese children in a sex education class | Source

Sex education is a broad term used to describe education about:
1. sexual anatomy,
2. sexual reproduction,
3. sexual intercourse,
4. reproductive health, 
5. emotional relations,
6. reproductive rights and responsibilities,
7. abstinence,
8. contraception and other aspects of sexuality.

When it comes to sexuality, information about its entire aspects include:

1. body image,
2. sexual orientation,
3. sexual pleasure,
4. values,
5. decision-making,
6. communication,
7. dating,
8. relationship,
9. sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and how to prevent them
10. and birth control methods.

Sex Education 101 with Melanie Griffith c/o MilkMoneyFour

Starting at home, parents should clearly provide answers to the questions being asked by their children regarding sex.

Personally, this hubber didn't find the exact answer on sex until he entered his elementary grades and during the period of puberty or adolesence.

PARENTS' involvement regarding SEX

Proper guidance to their children should be the goal of parents. A one-on-one talk should be administer and imparting true information should happen between them.


Teachers can provide various information in school regarding sex. As parents at home, they should also be the second parents of the students, informing them about the right attitude and behavior towards sexuality.

Filipino Children lining up for free food
Filipino Children lining up for free food | Source

Reproduction Health Bill - The Philippine Scene

As of this writing, the debate about the pros and cons of Reproductive Health Bill in the Philippines is a hot topic, even at the far flung barangays of the country.

The boxing legend-turned-legislator, Congressman Emmanuel 'Manny ' Paquiao, initiated the move to file a legislation opposing the implementation of RH bill.

Meanwhile, pro-RH bill Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago reacted with Congressman Manny's stand.She opined that it's already written in the Constitution and the move to implement has long been started, although the full-blown program will just be staged this year under the administration of President Benigno 'Noynoy' Aquino III.

The harsh realities of family life in the country inspired several legislators to push through with the bill and for several reasons, this hubber will agree with their synchronized decision.

  • Too many children in meager-income households equals poverty; parents cannot provide sufficient food on more than 5  offspring; much more with education and other basic needs. These children will undertake some roles of their parents in order to survive.
  • Unwanted children due to teenage pregnancies are taken care of at many orphanages. These happened due to unprotected sex as those teenagers will continue to study or focus on other priorities in life.
  • Crimes increase as the need of fathers to provide comfort for their families lead them to commit or succumbed to illegal activities.
  • The government cannot provide adequate jobs to its large population.

This hubber was also alerted by his cousin (don't want to get exposed),  who's working at the Philippine Legislators' Committee on Population and Development (PLCPD) about the scenario of two opposing forces at the Congress. This is my answer to her invitation to support the RH Bill. Most of them are women, trying to correct the notions of the Catholic church that this will violate God's teaching. My cousin reasoned out that:

  • It's been a fact that condoms, pills and other contraceptives are already existing in the country during the American occupation in the early 19th century. I bet they introduced it in the archipelago.
  • The advocacy on population control started so long ago that many mothers were able to get a thing or two about the birth control methods that are available at the rural health centers and the like.

With the mediation of the Catholic church, it will be another highly contested debate as media mileage started to collate important data between the two factions.

My salute goes to these courageous women in the Congress headed by Rizza Hontiveros-Baraquiel, a former media personality-turned-legislator who is very vocal about the RH Bill.

It's not only an issue among women who get pregnant but to men who should be responsible in taking care of their families.

RH Bill Debate will surely be SEX EDUCATION at the Congress.


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    • travel_man1971 profile imageAUTHOR

      Ireno Alcala 

      4 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @Daniel Joshua Camarines: Thank you for appreciating my effort.

      I agree that 'corruption' in our government degrades values, impressions from other countries and lots of negativity, as results of defective governance and leadership.

      Ordinary people should be inquisitive enough to know their rights and how to combat such problems, like HIV/AIDS.

    • profile image

      Daniel Joshua Camarines 

      4 years ago

      I appreciate that you wrote on this. If we would really look at our country's situation, the problem is not poverty but corruption. Our people doesn't need sex education alone but restoration of values that make up a strong nation.

      Daniel Joshua Camarines


    • travel_man1971 profile imageAUTHOR

      Ireno Alcala 

      7 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @earthbound1974: All are getting irate with this issue. Most women agree that there should be choices to consider affirming its passage because they're the ones who suffer the consequences regarding pregnancy and the sex of it (pardon my term..^-^)!

    • earthbound1974 profile image


      7 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      Issue on RH Bill and Sex Education should be merged by the legislators so, that there will be clear understanding about it, especially for the working mothers. Thanks for sharing!

    • travel_man1971 profile imageAUTHOR

      Ireno Alcala 

      7 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @twobmad: I agree. Families who belong to the marginal sector are the ones who show steadfastness on their faith and follow the teachings of the church. Rhythm method is still functional minus the usage of modern contraceptives.

    • twobmad profile image


      7 years ago from Myanmar(Burma)

      I believe the poor peoples in slum areas should be given more education on sex as well as about the RH bill. And the other problem is that the poor are the ones who are so pious and follow the teaching of the church.

    • travel_man1971 profile imageAUTHOR

      Ireno Alcala 

      7 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @thesailor: It is very timely because all sectors are voicing out their parts and concerns on RH Bill and Sex Education. I just hope that they don't fire personal tirades at others. It's a free country; everyone has its own opinion.

    • thesailor profile image


      7 years ago from Seven Seas

      The debate on RH Bill and the implementation of Sex Education as subject in school will be able to help students realize how important it is to plan for the future of one's family. This hub is an eye-opener!!!

    • travel_man1971 profile imageAUTHOR

      Ireno Alcala 

      7 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      Thanks to you, twobmad. I might as well link it on my blog because it's a very timely topic. A broader understanding should be shared to those young, single moms who must open their eyes about the consequences of having unprotected sex and the like.

    • twobmad profile image


      7 years ago from Myanmar(Burma)

      mmm @Travel_Man. I appreciate that you wrote on this. HIV/AIDS is something that we must not get inflicted. And I hope the RH Bill will be passed in our country soon. I can't help empathizing young single moms in slum areas around Metro.


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