ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

So, You Think Our Cities are Modern?

Updated on June 9, 2011

Building a City

Today, if you were asked to build a modern American City, How would you build it?

OK, first you would probably build the buildings in sets of “blocks”

For convenience, you would probably build the roads between the blocks, North to South and East to West.

Design the buildings to permit the least dust and dirt to enter.

Spoil yourself; build part of the city, where you and your friends will live, higher than the rest. So you can look out over the city.

If you knew before hand, how many people the city was to house and what facilities they would need, you could build the city in sections or districts. A Banking district, a retail district and a district for Government departments, Etc.

Oh yes; you would certainly ensure that there was sewerage to each house and adequate drainage.

What if I was to tell you that this is exactly how two cities were built 4500 years ago?

What! that’s correct; they were built around 2500 BC.

Area of Influence

Indus Valley Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization

The Discovery

Whilst building a railway through the Indus region of India, in the 19th Century, two brothers, John and William Brunton, working on separate sections of the railway each found an ancient ruined city.

Being engineers, not archeologists, they used the bricks to help build the railway. This was not only convenient but was also cheaper.

These cities were not excavated until 1920. Up until that time, experts had not thought that “civilization” existed in India prior to Alexander the Greats expedition in 327 BC.

What the excavations showed, apart from originating in 2500 BC, were unparalleled workmanship and a level of city planning thousands of years before its time.

Further excavations in Pakistan and India, showed that this civilization, had an influence on an area even larger than that of the Egyptians, for that period.

Main Cities

Mohenjo-Daro
Mohenjo-Daro
Harappa
Harappa

The Cities

Unlike any other excavations for this period, these cities had no statues or monuments to Gods or any other sign of religion, apart from what seems to be an empty temple.

The two cities, named Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro each covered areas of hundreds of acres and were obviously the main cities, although a further 100 have been found.

Signs and unfamiliar scripts that have been found at the sites have not yet been deciphered and so clues, as to how these ancients lived are hard to determine.

What has been found out is that the cities were built around 2500 BC to, what is thought to be, a pre conceived plan.

Who these people were or where they came from remains a mystery.

Their disappearance is also a mystery. There is no sign of a natural disaster, yet the cities seem to have been abandoned after only a short period of 500 years.

Were They Aliens?

Indus Valley Script
Indus Valley Script
Aliens?
Aliens?

Possible Conclusion

Did aliens come, build a city, then when they had finished, what ever it was they came here to do, left?

This would have left the cities without leaders, leading the cities into disarray and eventual ruin.

This is only a theory but when there are no other theories being suggested, why not?

Let’s remember the old adage:

First investigate the probable.

If it is not that, then investigate the improbable.

If it is not that, then you must contemplate the possibility of it being, what was previously thought to be, the impossible.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Trish_M profile image

      Tricia Mason 

      6 years ago from The English Midlands

      I did know about the ancient cities, but still found this hub very interesting.

      I have read quite a bit about the suggestion that ancient aliens changed our world ~ and I have to say, there is some logic to the argument.

      However, is it really likely?? Scientists seem to think that it isn't ~ and they know more than I do about this sort of thing. However, I don't think that anyone really knows, so why not consider it possible? :)

    • Brupie profile image

      Brupie 

      6 years ago

      If you're interested in more cities and communities from this time, I suggest you read The Horse, the Wheel and Language by David Anthony. It discusses the early cultures of the people who spoke what we now call Proto-Indo-European, the root precursor of most European languages.

    • CWanamaker profile image

      CWanamaker 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      It's always so interesting to hear about advanced civilizations of the past. I always think to myself "How did they do that" or "Man, that would have been so hard to do." Humans really are amazing creatures. Nice hub.

    • Karen Wodke profile image

      Karen Wodke 

      7 years ago from Midwest

      This is intriguing and thought-provoking.

    • Carolyn Moe profile image

      Carolyn Moe 

      7 years ago

      Interesting no visible signs of religious artifacts. Perhaps they believed like the Jews of Jesus day that God is Spirit and those who worship him must worship in spirit and in truth. I talk about this in my first hub What Is God Doing In Our Lives? I'm a fresh, first day newbie so I haven't yet learned to link. Take care. Will follow your writing. Thanks,

      Carolyn Moe

    • OpinionDuck profile image

      OpinionDuck 

      7 years ago

      There are many mysteries that plugging in Aliens would readilty solve.

      Good hub, rated up, and useful and awesome.

    • kashmir56 profile image

      Thomas Silvia 

      7 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hi rafken, a very interesting and Fascinating hub !

    • albertacowpoke profile image

      albertacowpoke 

      7 years ago from Redwater, Alberta

      Great hub and analysis. It made for interesting reading.

    • Tony DeLorger profile image

      Tony DeLorger 

      7 years ago from Adelaide, South Australia

      Fascinating rafken. It makes you wonder alright. 2500 BC and all that technological knowhow. There's so much more we don't know about our beginnings. Great hub!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)