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Social institutionalized organization
A social organization is a stable form of relationship between people and parts of one society. social organization refers to how relationship between people within society are organized and institutionalized. It shows how social relations are formed and kept together. The persons or groups that form a society have related functions, which are organized to achieved efficiency and orderliness. A social organization therefore is made up of people who do certain duties because they hold certain positions in the society. Such duties are expected to benefit not only the individuals performing them but also other members of a society.
The meaning of social organization can be clearly illustrated by life in a villages setting. A village consist of various people, men, women, old and young, fathers and mothers, boys and girls. if these people are not organized in some form, they can hardly live together as an orderly and productive group. No one person can protect his property, cook his food, treat the sick, care for the babies, be a teacher and a student in the same class, dig a well, build his own house all by himself, at the same time. Hence we have doctors, nurses, teachers, builders, cooks, laborers, security operatives, bankers e.t.c. All performing different duties required of their positions by the society. Every member of the village setting needs the co-operation of others, if he or she is to live well and be happy. Thus there is need for leadership in such a settlement, this is to enables laws to be made and order to be maintained. Thus different duties in a village, town or country must be arranged or organized, while some people do one thing, others take up other duties and yet other lead and direct them. All the functions needed to be performed for a village to exist and prosper are therefore shared and organized.
It is important to note the fact that social organization at the level of the village involves smaller levels of organizations. This means that social organization at a social level can be referred to as organization of organizations. In most communities we have schools, hospitals, churches and other such institutions. A school or a hospital is an organization itself, so is a family. They consist of several duties which different people in the school. family, hospital performs for the proper running of each institution. No one person for instance in a school, can be the principal, teacher, prefect and student alone. Hence the works are divided among the principal, teachers, prefects and students, to ensure that as one unit, the school functions in an orderly manner and achieves its goals.
Different kinds of people are therefore part of social organization. For the society to survive, it must make use of the differences that exist between its people in order to achieve its goals and perform its functions as efficient as possible. A group of people that make up a society normally have their own goals. Its social organization is therefore directed towards the achievement of these goals. A social organization does not always exist as a unit of harmonious parts. It can also consist of people or groups with conflicting duties and hopes. For example a college organization can be one in which the demands of the students may conflict with college regulations and the views of the principal and his assistants, social organization is concerned not only with harmony and problem solving but also with co-operation and conflict.