ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Spanish Lesson Five: Verbs and How They Work!!

Updated on September 22, 2013

Before You Read

Hey Guys!! It's Sunday again! You know what that means right? It's time for us to continue learning about the Spanish language!! Yay! If you've been reading, you'll find that you've been learning Spanish "A Little At A Time". These lessons are meant to be concise and filled with useful information pertaining to your fluency of the Spanish Language. I've always wanted to tutor the subject but never have, so this is as close as I can get to that. If you haven't been reading, take a look at the link below. It'll direct you to Lessons 1-4.

Last week we began our three part series about the most important parts of speech: Adjectives, Verbs, and Nouns. Last week we discussed Adjectives and how they are structured in Spanish rhetoric. This week we will begin Conjugating Spanish Infinitives. Those two words are important and I will explain them in this lesson. If you've forgotten or need to review last week's lesson, check out the link.

Previous Spanish Lessons


Today's Vocabulary

Today we are discussing Verbs in the Spanish language. You should notice two things about Spanish verbs by reading over your vocabulary. One, all Spanish verbs have endings to them. They can be either -ar, -er, or ir. ALL Spanish verbs have an ending and can be conjugated, or changed to reflect the subject that the action is being done by. Two, all Spanish verbs have a meaning beginning with "to". We went to the store, "to the store" is considered an infinitive phrase in English. All Spanish verbs mean "to" plus its meaning. Take Ser for instance. It doesn't mean "be" but "to be". All Spanish verbs will have to in the beginning of their meaning.

6. Hablar- To talk

7. Ver- To see

8. Mirar- To look (at)

9. Gritar- To yell

10. Luchar- To fight

1. Ser- To be

2. Tocar- To touch/ To play (as in an instrument)

3. Jugar- To play

4. Comer- To eat

5. Bailar- To dance



Take a moment to review your notes from last week's lesson. I also want you to keep in mind of what verbs have which ending, -ar, -er, or -ir. Once you've done this, continue down for the lesson and examples. I also have other things to explain concerning major verbs that have not be included in this lessons. More on that later.

Conjugating Verbs in Present Indicative Tense

Okay, so if you reviewed your notes from last week you'll recall the Spanish pronouns introduced. Yo, Tú, Él, Ella, Usted, Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes, Nosotros. For each of these pronouns used or understood, the Spanish Verb much match the subject. Just like in English, the verb changes depending on who we're talking about. Think of it like Subject-Verb agreement.

He writes.She writes.They write. It's exactly like that. For every Spanish verb, it will change from its base infinitive stage to match the subject. However, the verb can be left in its original stage to simply use the word as an infinitive.

Okay, how does the verbs change? Take a look at the two charts below. One is a conjugation of all -ar verbs (excluding irregulars) and the other is a conjugation of all -er/ir verbs (excluding irregulars)

Irregulars are verbs that don't follow the norm. In the previous lesson, the verb ser is introduced. That verb is an irregular. But more on that in future lessons. For the -ar verbs we'll use, the verb hablar which means "to talk". For the -er/ir verb we'll use the verb comer, which means "to eat."

Spanish Pronoun
He/She/ You (Formal)
They (Informal)/ They (Formal)
Ellos or Ellas/Ustedes
Spanish Pronoun
He/She/ You (Formal)
Él/Ella/ Usted
They (Informal)/ They (formal)
Ellos or Ellas/Ustedes


So if you were paying attention, you can definitely see that the verbs change when you change the subject. Yes, there are set changes to be brought about with regular verbs. Hablar which means "to talk" takes on a drastic change when used in the Present Indicative Tense. This tense is literally speaking things in the present. He writes, he runs, he talks.

There are a total of fourteen tenses in Spanish (Seven Singular and Seven Compound). Don't worry. It will be a long time coming before you'll need to know them. Right now we're learning to speak in the present.

The rules below are meant only for regular Spanish verbs and not irregular verbs.

To conjugate a verb, simply drop that -ar, er, or -ir ending and add a new ending to the word. Yo hablo means "I talk", That -ar has been dropped and an -o has been added to signify the "yo" form of the verb. Here are the endings for -ar verbs.

-Er/Ir Verbs

Yo- Drop the -er/-ir and add -o

Tú- Drop the -er/-ir and add - es

Él/Ella/Usted- Drop the -er/-ir and add -e

Nosotros- Drop the -er add -emos. Drop the -ir add -imos for -ir verbs

Ellos/Ellas Ustedes- Drop the -er and add -en

-Ar Verbs

Yo- Drop the -ar and add -o

Tú- Dropp the -ar and add -as

Él/Ella/Usted- Drop the -ar and add -a

Nosotros- Drop the -ar and add -amos

Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes- Drop the -ar and add -an


Your homework is pretty easy. Take your vocabulary words and conjugate them in all forms. See if you find some other verbs online and use those too. If you want to get ahead, check out some irregular verbs and conjugate them too! Conjugating gets harder once you begin complicating what you wish to say. There are lots of other tenses to cover in time!!

Stay tuned for next week because we'll take on some Nouns and combine what we've learned!!

Thanks for stopping by!!


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • CrazedNovelist profile imageAUTHOR

      AE Williams 

      7 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      Thanks Unknown. And yes I think Guru is a great word. :) They use call me "Dictionary" in Spanish class. I just have awesome retention. All these lessons are written from whatever on top of my head. I'm so glad you're enjoying them!! :)


    • unknown spy profile image

      Life Under Construction 

      7 years ago from Neverland

      yahuuu it's spanish lesson are truly a spanish guro crazed. I've got this one book, about spanish first i'm so excited reading and memorizing..but then it gets harder and harder! :))


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)