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Spanish Lesson Ninety-Five: Compound Tense Review

Updated on July 27, 2014

Hey Friends!

I want to apologize about last Monday. I apparently forgot to post last week's lesson on the proper day. You can check out that lesson here if you want read that before this lesson. This week we're going to review the Compound Tenses we've learned about in the past few months. For brevity, I've excluded the Subjunctive and Conditional tenses as well as the Anterior Preterit. These tenses can be review by going back. I've included the most important tenses for the best review at this time. Those others can be reviewed at your leisure.

We're getting ever so closer to our final lesson and I want to continuously thank you all for reading all this time and providing me with consistent readership. I hope this review will enrich you and put a great final tense review in your mind. There will be no vocabulary this week. However, next week we're go over some great vocabulary involving parts of speech. I know, old school. Don't worry! We'll have a thorough review. :P Now! On to the review!

Today's Goals

  • To Review the compound tenses in Spanish
  • To Be Able to recall previous learned material
  • To Understand the usage of all compound tenses and the verb haber

  • Actions that occur in the past and continue into the present
  • Actions that occur in the past and continue to affect the present
  • Actions that occur in the past that are followed by the word "ya"

The Present Perfect

Past Participles

Remember that with compound tenses, a past participle must accompany the helping verb "haber". Remember that -AR verbs must have a dropped ending and "-Ado" attached at the end. "Ido" for -ER/-IR verbs. These rules are true for regular verbs, but there are irregulars out there. To the right you will see the reasoning behind this tense and its usage. Let's see an example.

Él ha visto la película. He has seen the movie. Ver is an irregular past participle.

With Object Pronouns

Él ha la visto la película muchos veces. He has seen (it) the movie many times. The verb haber and its participle never separate. The D.O.P. and I.O.P. come before the verb! Keep that in mind.

With Reflexive Verbs

Ella se ha cepillado los dientes. She has brushed her teeth. Place your Reflexive Pronoun before the auxiliary and the participle that follows to be grammatically correct.

With Questions

¿Ya hemos comido el pastel? Have we eaten the cake already (yet)? The order of the words in this sentence don't follow what we'd see in English.

With Questions (Negative)

¿No hemos comido el pastel? Haven't we eaten the cake?

Conjugating Haber In The Present Perfect

  • Actions in the past that occurred before another past action
  • Actions in the past that occurred before another past action following adverbs such as "ya", "antes", "nunca", etc.

The Past Perfect (Pluperfect)

The use of this tense involves the connection between two actions that happened in the past. One happened before the other.

Antes de Carolina había salido, besamos. Before Carolina left, we kissed. The past perfect is used to describe between two actions. One happened before the other in the past.

Cuando mis amigos y yo llegamos, mi familia ya había comido. When my friends and I arrived, my family had already eaten. A word describing the time something occurred must be used in order to use this tense. Generally "Antes de, Después de, etc" are used.

Conjugating Haber in The Past Perfect

  • Actions that will have happened in the future before another action takes place, or before a specific time
  • Actions that are likely or occur from suppositin

The Future Perfect

The Future Perfect is used to describe actions that will or may occur some time in the future.

Si aprendemos una baile nueva habremos ganado más ritmo. If we learn a new dance we will have gained more rhythm. The future event is likely to happen. Note that.

Habremos hablado antes de salir. We will have talked before leaving. Using an adverb describing the time is key to this tense's use.

Paula habrá sabido algo de él. Paula must have known something about him. The Future Perfect can mean "must have" or "might have" in some cases.

Conjugating Haber in The Future Perfect


Upcoming Lessons

Lesson Ninetey-Six: Vocabulary Review #1 (7/28)

Lesson Ninety-Seven: Vocabulary Review #2 (8/4)

Lesson Ninety-Eight: Vocabulary Review #3 (8/11)

Lesson Ninety-Nine: The Benefits of Being Bilingual (8/18)

Lesson One Hundred: Farewell Spanish Learners! (8/25)

© 2014 A.E. Williams


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