ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Spanish Lesson Ninety-Five: Compound Tense Review

Updated on July 27, 2014

Hey Friends!

I want to apologize about last Monday. I apparently forgot to post last week's lesson on the proper day. You can check out that lesson here if you want read that before this lesson. This week we're going to review the Compound Tenses we've learned about in the past few months. For brevity, I've excluded the Subjunctive and Conditional tenses as well as the Anterior Preterit. These tenses can be review by going back. I've included the most important tenses for the best review at this time. Those others can be reviewed at your leisure.

We're getting ever so closer to our final lesson and I want to continuously thank you all for reading all this time and providing me with consistent readership. I hope this review will enrich you and put a great final tense review in your mind. There will be no vocabulary this week. However, next week we're go over some great vocabulary involving parts of speech. I know, old school. Don't worry! We'll have a thorough review. :P Now! On to the review!

Today's Goals

  • To Review the compound tenses in Spanish
  • To Be Able to recall previous learned material
  • To Understand the usage of all compound tenses and the verb haber

  • Actions that occur in the past and continue into the present
  • Actions that occur in the past and continue to affect the present
  • Actions that occur in the past that are followed by the word "ya"

The Present Perfect

Past Participles

Remember that with compound tenses, a past participle must accompany the helping verb "haber". Remember that -AR verbs must have a dropped ending and "-Ado" attached at the end. "Ido" for -ER/-IR verbs. These rules are true for regular verbs, but there are irregulars out there. To the right you will see the reasoning behind this tense and its usage. Let's see an example.


Él ha visto la película. He has seen the movie. Ver is an irregular past participle.


With Object Pronouns

Él ha la visto la película muchos veces. He has seen (it) the movie many times. The verb haber and its participle never separate. The D.O.P. and I.O.P. come before the verb! Keep that in mind.


With Reflexive Verbs

Ella se ha cepillado los dientes. She has brushed her teeth. Place your Reflexive Pronoun before the auxiliary and the participle that follows to be grammatically correct.


With Questions

¿Ya hemos comido el pastel? Have we eaten the cake already (yet)? The order of the words in this sentence don't follow what we'd see in English.


With Questions (Negative)

¿No hemos comido el pastel? Haven't we eaten the cake?

Conjugating Haber In The Present Perfect

Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
He
Has
Ha
Hemos
Han
  • Actions in the past that occurred before another past action
  • Actions in the past that occurred before another past action following adverbs such as "ya", "antes", "nunca", etc.

The Past Perfect (Pluperfect)

The use of this tense involves the connection between two actions that happened in the past. One happened before the other.


Antes de Carolina había salido, besamos. Before Carolina left, we kissed. The past perfect is used to describe between two actions. One happened before the other in the past.

Cuando mis amigos y yo llegamos, mi familia ya había comido. When my friends and I arrived, my family had already eaten. A word describing the time something occurred must be used in order to use this tense. Generally "Antes de, Después de, etc" are used.

Conjugating Haber in The Past Perfect

Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Había
Habías
Había
Habíamos
Habían
  • Actions that will have happened in the future before another action takes place, or before a specific time
  • Actions that are likely or occur from suppositin

The Future Perfect

The Future Perfect is used to describe actions that will or may occur some time in the future.


Si aprendemos una baile nueva habremos ganado más ritmo. If we learn a new dance we will have gained more rhythm. The future event is likely to happen. Note that.


Habremos hablado antes de salir. We will have talked before leaving. Using an adverb describing the time is key to this tense's use.


Paula habrá sabido algo de él. Paula must have known something about him. The Future Perfect can mean "must have" or "might have" in some cases.

Conjugating Haber in The Future Perfect

Yo
Él/Ella/Usted
Nosotros
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes
Habré
Habrás
Habrá
Habremos
Habrán

Upcoming Lessons

Lesson Ninetey-Six: Vocabulary Review #1 (7/28)

Lesson Ninety-Seven: Vocabulary Review #2 (8/4)

Lesson Ninety-Eight: Vocabulary Review #3 (8/11)

Lesson Ninety-Nine: The Benefits of Being Bilingual (8/18)

Lesson One Hundred: Farewell Spanish Learners! (8/25)

© 2014 A.E. Williams

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)