ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Spanish Lesson Twelve: Telling Time

Updated on August 26, 2012

Before You Read

It's Sunday again!! This week we're going to be on lesson eleven. Oh my goodness, how the time flies!! I hope you guys have been learning Spanish "A Little At A Time". I hope you guys enjoyed the quiz in the last lesson. I'm pretty sure it was an eye opener for those who hadn't yet retained all the information. No big deal. These lessons are designed for you to go at your own pace and be as fluent as you'd like. Now for those hardcore Spanish geeks like me, you'll probably be sticking around for the duration of these lessons (that currently have no end). So let's get back to some more awesome grammar this week!! Yay!! I know it sounds boring, but grammar is very important in the Spanish language, just as important as it is in English. For those who need assistance, contact me whenever you need to.

These lessons are meant to be short and help you gain a steady fluency in the Spanish language. For those of you who have been reading, I hope you have found this information useful and are indeed retaining some of it. For those of you joining in for the first time, take a look at the previous lessons you've missed. The link is below.

Last week we discussed Spanish Prepositions and the verb tener. We also discussed Saying What You Have To Do. If you'd like to review that lesson, take a look at Lesson Eleven. In this lesson, we will discuss Time and Weather in the Spanish language and also Spanish Conjunctions.

Previous Lessons


Today's Vocabulary

Today we are discussing Spanish Conjunctions. They mirror that of English and can help us really give better detail in our sentences. These are words that you can definitely use in discussion. If you don't remember what a conjunction in English is, I don't blame you. Sometimes it takes a reminder, check out this School House Rock Video.

El lunes: Monday

El martes: Tuesday

El miércoles: Wednesday

El jueves: Thursday

El viernes: Friday

El sábado: Saturday

El domingo: Sunday

El segundo: Second

El Minuto: Minute

La hora: Hour

El día: Day

La semana: Week

La mes: Month

El año: Year

La Década: Decade

El mañana: Morning

La tarde: Afternoon

La noche: Evening/Night

La fin de semana: Weekend

Ya: Already, Yet*

Todavía no: Not yet

Jamás: Ever, never

Nunca: Never

Entonces: Then

Que*: Than

O/U*: Or

Y/E*: And

Pero: But

Cuando: When

En Cuando: As soon as

Hasta/ Hasta Que: Til/Until

Tan Pronto Como: As soon as

Ni... Ni*: Neither... Nor

O... O*: Either... Or

Mas*: However

Sino: But, rather

Excepto: Except

Note: There are many more conjunctions that can be added to this list, however these are the most common. We may revisit them in a later lesson.



Read the following chart on discussing time and what phrases coincide with normal phrases like "a quarter after the hour", "thirty minutes past the hour", "Midnight", and more...

Time of Day
Menos cuarto
La Una

Spanish Conjunctions

Okay! So I'm trying to introduce you all to some other parts of Speech in Spanish for future use. The Spanish Conjunctions are very useful in helping you convey and idea. It's pretty much the same idea when using conjunctions in English. Below I am going to explain the asterisks next to several of the words in the list. These will help you understand how to use them in a sentence.

Ya literally means "already" and is used in awkward way in the Spanish language. It's pretty interesting though because ya is usually used to express some kind of urgency. A common phrase using ya is Ya me voy, which translates to Already I go. However it's understood as "I'm coming already." I like the word ya and enjoy saying it. Look online if you'd like to see other uses of it.

Que does not mean "what", Qué means what. Note the accent. Que is used in several different ways in sentences. It can be used to compare two things, to affirm, or to emphasis "that" in a sentence structure. Here's an expample

Linda es más listo que Robert. Lind is more smart (smarter) than Robert.

O/U both mean "or" in Spanish. They can also be placed in a sentence to emphasize "either... or". U is used exactly like O but only if you have another "o" or "ho" sound following O. Here is one example of each rule.

O Quiere mirar la televisión o la película. Either he wants to watch (the) telvision or the movie.

¿Debo decir buenos dias u hola? Should I say good morning or hello?

Y/E both mean "and" in Spanish. E appears when an "i" sounds follows y.

Quiero mirar la pelicula e invitar mi amigo. I want to watch the movie and invite my friend.

Ni... Ni is the best translation for Neither... Nor in Spanish. The two words must place placed after the first verb and before the second verb of the sentence to signify you don't want to do either activity. The other way will directly mean "Neither...Nor". Take a look at these examples.

No Quiero limpiar los platos ni limpiar los vasos. I don't want to wash the plates or wash the cups. (When using the negative, Ni is used instead of O)

Todo el mundo no quiere comer ni los tacos ni los burritos. Everyone (literally meaning "all the world") wants to eat neither the tacos nor the burritos.---> This is confusing I know, but that no helps you understand everything is in the negative. The no is basically ignored. Also remember that you cannot have two conjugated verbs back to back. That is why comer (to eat) is un-conjugated.

Mas does not mean more, Más means more. So take note of the accent. This is the note I wished to make for this word.

Qué hora es?

¿Qué hora es? translates to "What hour is it?" This is the expression to ask when you need to know what time it is. If you're asking a stranger make sure you use proper manners when approaching them:

Excuse me sir: Perdóname Señor

Excuse me ma'am: Perdóname Señora

When someone answers you they will answer Es la... or Son las "it is" and tell you the time using some of the words in your chart. If the hour is one o' clock, midnight, or noon they will say Es la. It it is not on the hour, it's a bit more complicated. Son las will be used in those cases.

Es la una de la mañana. It is one in the morning. ("one" is expressed using una when telling time. Always used that number to express "one)

Son las dos y media de la tarde. It is 2:30 in the afternoon.

Son las dos menos cuarto de la tarde. It is 1:45 in the afternoon.---> It is 2 (minus quarter). A quarter is 15 minutes, so when you subtract that you get 1:45.

Son las dos y cuarto de la tarde. It is 2:15 in the afternoon.---> It is 2 (+quarter). A quarter is 15 minutes, when we add we get 2:15

Son las dos y veinte y cinco de la tarde. It is 2:25 in the afternoon.---> It is 2 (+25). When expressing any other times you must use the regular numbers to express them. Always use y to separate the hour and time. Think of it as representing the colon on your clock.

Note: You don't have to specify morning, night, or afternoon if you don't want to, but if you do, make sure you say *De la...* to proceed the word. This phrase goes in at the end of your sentence.

Cómo estoy escribiendo este artículo, es la una y veinte de la tarde. As I am writing this article, it is 1:20 in the afternoon.

If you'd like some more work on this, check out this Spanish Clock online.



Your homework for today is watch the video below that corresponds with Lesson Seven: Essential and Irregular Verbs. It's a short video I found on youtube by senorbelles. He's really awesome and this video will definitely help you understand irregular verbs. Take a look!!

Also in the coming lessons we will be discussing a great deal more about grammar and how to say things such as:

  • What Should You Do?
  • What Do You Want To Be When You Grow Up?
  • What Do You Like And Dislike?

Next week we will be discussing Saying What You're Going To Do ! Make sure you show up for that one! :)


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • CrazedNovelist profile imageAUTHOR

      AE Williams 

      6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      Aww!! Thanks a lot Genna. I appreciate the visit and compliment! I love the Spanish lesson and I love helping others learn. Check out my lessons if you're interested in learning again. I think I do okay at making it as simple as possible.


    • Genna East profile image

      Genna East 

      6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      I took Spanish in high school and in college, and you are a very good teacher. I remember my biggest confusion was with the feminine and the masculine. I still think it is a beautiful language, and regret that I don’t have the opportunity to use it very much. Artículo muy interesante. :-)

    • CrazedNovelist profile imageAUTHOR

      AE Williams 

      6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      Thanks... I actually made some cuts. Was going to include weather. Totally forget, but then noticed it would have been too long. I'm trying to not bog anyone down. I'm glad you were surprised. I have a high retention for languages. Thanks for the comment and support!


    • Lord De Cross profile image

      Joseph De Cross 

      6 years ago from New York

      Hi Crazed, nice to read this mammoth of a lesson, pero not too bad amigo. I was surprised by your thorough knowleldge del idoma. Hope people get to read your lessons that seemed to be writtne with care! and "orgullo."

    • CrazedNovelist profile imageAUTHOR

      AE Williams 

      6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      I originally wanted to discuss Time AND weather in this lesson, but it wasn't working, so this lesson only had Time incorporated. So in another lesson we'll discuss weather! :)


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)