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Symptoms and Causes of an Eye Infection

Updated on February 24, 2013

Microbiological agents often cause an eye infection. These agents occur naturally in the environment and are commonly found in other infections and viruses that affect the body. The most common type of infection in the eye is conjunctivitis but there are many others to be aware of to gain the best type of treatment.

Eye Infection Symptoms

Infections within the eye are often some of the easiest to spot, especially for the person suffering with them. Red eyes and itchiness are the two most common symptoms associated. People often find that the only relief from the issue is when rubbing the eye but this actually makes it worse and causes more discomfort afterwards. The eye starts swelling when rubbing so it is best to leave it alone.

Discharge in the eye is another symptom to watch out for but the problem is that discharge is a common occurrence and can be known as “sleep”. To know the difference between the two, the discharge will appear at all times of the day when it is due to the infection and is usually moist all the time. Sleep will become harder as it dries.

Causes of Eye Infections

An eye infection can occur for a number of reasons. I have suffered with them in the past due to overuse of contact lenses. The eye cannot get enough oxygen and is not cleaned. Bacteria or fungi get into the eye and become trapped. This can lead to ulcers forming, which are very dangerous and can lead to the loss of vision.

Conjunctivitis is something that most people will suffer from at least once in their life. It is caused by bacteria getting into the eye and is usually when the outer layer is affected. The bacteria can get onto other items that are used near the eyes, especially mascara, eyeliner or face paints. If you suffer from conjunctivitis at any point, it is best to buy new makeup to avoid getting it again.

Treating Infections in the Eyes

Treatment will differ depending on the type of infection someone has. The best way to gain treatment is to speak to an optician. He will be able to diagnose the problem and prescribe eye drops or medication to help clear the problem. Most problems are cleared through the use of eye drops but it is important to avoid the tip of the drops touching the eye. It is very easy to spread the problem or for bacteria to transfer and end up back in the eye.

Avoid suffering from an eye infection in silence. Some will require antibiotics while others may go away on their own. It is best to seek medical advice and avoid rubbing your eyes; this will just make it worse.


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    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 4 years ago from Wales

      Interesting and useful so thanks for sharing.