Timur the Lame (Tamerlane )
He was born in 1336 in what is today called Uzbekistan. He was a Mongol of the Barlas tribe, one of those who followed Genghis Khan. He was called Timur the Lame due
to an accident to his hip.
He began the conquest of Persia In 1383 when he was quite old for the time.
He had captured almost all of Persia in four years.
Why he is not considered a 'Great' is due to the extreme savagery of his methods.
In 1386 he moved to India, entering Delhi which he left in ruins. Timur executed over
100,000 people, mostly Hindus.
In 1399, Timur came against the Ottoman Empire and Egypt. He invaded Syria, and captured Damascus, then killed everyone except the artists who were carried to Samarkand.
In 1400 Timur invaded Armenia and Georgia. He enslaved the populations.
Timur reached Baghdad in June 1401 and killed many of its citizens, ordering that every soldier should return with at least two severed human heads to show him.
He ruled over an empire that extended southeastern Turkey, through Syria, Iraq, Kuwait and Iran, part of Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, and North-Western India.
He died in 1405 nearly 70 years old.
Many people thought he was a legend until his body was exhumed in 1941 by anthropologist Mikhail M. Gerasimov.
Legends had him as a cripped dwarf, but his remains prove he was tall( 5′ 8" was tall in those days) and broad chested. His lameness was not that pronounced as examinations of the hip injury suggest it would have made his gait uneven but did not hamper his ability.
It is said that when Timur's body was exhumed the body, an inscription in his casket stated:
"Whosoever opens my tomb shall unleash
an invader more terrible than I."
Two days after the exhumation, Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union.