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The Greek Tragedy Writers

Updated on March 26, 2012

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Introduction

When it comes to Greek tragedy, there really are only three main men, Sophocles, Euripides and Aeschylus. This hub will tell us all we need to know about these three truly talented men.

Aeschylus

Bust of Aeschylus at the Neues Museum in Berlin.
Bust of Aeschylus at the Neues Museum in Berlin.

Aeschylus (525/524 BCE - 456 BCE) tends to be seen as the father of tragedy, being the first of the three writers to come about he set the scene of tragedy.

Some of Aeschylus's famous plays that are still surviving today include;
The Persians - This is one of the earliest plays to survive, performed in 472 BCE and based on the experiences of Aeschylus's life, especially in the Battle of Salamis. This play focuses on the theme of Hubris, by blaming Persia's loss on the pride of its King.
Seven Against Thebes - This play was performed in 467 BCE and seems to have the theme of the Gods interfering within humans affairs. The play surrounds Oedipus's shamed sons, Eteocles and Polynices, who agree to take turns in ruling the throne, but after the first year, Eteocles refuses to step down, so Polynices declares war for the throne. The brothers kill each other in combat.
The Oresteia - This triology of plays consist of Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers and The Eumenides. These plays tell the tragic and bloody story of Agamemnon's family after his return from the Trojan War.

There are over 50 other plays that Aeschylus wrote, unfortunetly, there are lost plays;
Myrmidons, Nereids, Phrygians or Hector's Ransom and Niobe.

Sophocles

Sophocles
Sophocles

Sophocles (497/496 BCE - 406/405 BCE) is another one of the three great tragedy writers, who's plays came a little later then Aeschylus's. Sophocles competed in about 30 competitions, winning around 24, but never becoming lower then second place, sometimes Sophocles was beaten by Aeschylus, whereas Euripides only won 4 competitions.

Throughout Sophocles's life he wrote 123 plays, but only 7 have survived.
Sophocles famous triology of plays was called The Theban Plays, consisting of Antigone, Oedipus the King and Oedipus at Colonus. The triology concerns the fate of Thebes at the time of Oedipus.
Other then The Theban Plays, the other 4 plays consist of;
Ajax - This play focuses on the life of the Trojan hero Telamonian Ajax, who was unfortunetly driven to suicide.
The Women of Trachis - The name of the play is based on the Trachinian women who made up the chorus, although the play is about Deianeira's accidental killing of Heracles after his completion of his famous twelve labours.
Electra - This is the play about Agamemnon's children, Electra and Orestes avenging their fathers murder by Clytemnestra and Aegisthus.
Philoctetes - This retells the story of Philoctetes, an archer who was abandoned on Lemnos by the Greek fleet on the way to the Trojan war, and how he refuses to help the Greek fleet after they realise they cannot win the Trojan war without his archery skills.

Euripides

A bust of Euripides at the Museo Pio-Clementino, Rome.
A bust of Euripides at the Museo Pio-Clementino, Rome.

Euripides (480 BCE - 406 BCE) was the youngest great Greek tragedy writer out of Aeschylus and Sophocles. It is claimed that Euripides had wrote about 92 plays throughout his career, although out of these 18 or 19 have survived.

Even though Euripides wrote approximately 92 plays, there are 2 famous ones.
The Bacchea - The play is based on the punishment of King Pentheus, King of Thebes, and his mother, Agauƫ, for refusing to worship the god, Dionysus. Dionysus's mother, Semele, was the sister of Aguaƫ. Semele was inpregnated by Zeus, but she was killed by her own family for having an affair with a God, so Zeus took Dionysus out of Semele's womb and sew him into his own thigh until Dionysus was ready to be born.
Medea - Produced in 431 BCE, the play is about the downfall of Medea and Jasons relationship. Jason leaves Medea for Glauce, the daughter of the King of Corinth, Creon. After Medea finds out, she makes a poisonous robe for Glauce, who dies after putting it on. Medea also kills hers and Jasons children, so Jason has no chance of a family. Medea then escapes to Athens after showing Jason the childrens bodies and leaving him in despair

Some of Euripides's other plays include Alcestis, Heracleidae, Hippolytus, Andromache, Hecuba, Heracles, The Trojan Women, Iphigenia in Tauris, Ion, Helen, Phoenician Women, Iphigenia at Aulis, Rhesus and Cyclops.

Conclusion

I hope you have enjoyed reading my hub on the three great Greek tragedy writers and it has answered any questions you had about them. If you haven't already read any of their plays, I definitely recommend you do. Although, I'd start of with Euripides plays as they're a bit easier to read, and then progress onto Sophocles and Aeschylus's work. If you enjoyed reading, please check out my other hub about Greek Philosophy.

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    • Greek One profile image

      Greek One 5 years ago

      Homer??????

    • lulusmith profile image
      Author

      lulusmith 5 years ago from England

      I personally don't believe Homer was a writer of tragedies. I see him as a muse, his stories weren't tragic, they were more tales of adventure. Would you not agree?

    • Greek One profile image

      Greek One 5 years ago

      As long as we can agree that all the Greeks were great :)

    • JKenny profile image

      James Kenny 5 years ago from Birmingham, England

      No arguments here, the Greeks and the Romans were awesome. Even though, he doesn't appear here, Homer's adventure stories are awesome. I'm currently writing hubs about Julius Caesar, not exactly a hero in the classic sense, but still an interesting guy to learn and write about. Voted up.

    • lulusmith profile image
      Author

      lulusmith 5 years ago from England

      I completely agree that Homer was an amazing story teller. I know the Odyssey and the Illiad are viewed as tragedies, but I see Homer as a muse in a sense. Thank you for the vote, again! I shall take a look at some of your hubs.

    • lulusmith profile image
      Author

      lulusmith 5 years ago from England

      I can certainly agree with that!

    • LuisEGonzalez profile image

      Luis E Gonzalez 5 years ago from Miami, Florida

      Very nice hub. I too love the work of the Ancients.

      Welcome to HubPages

    • ShepherdLover profile image

      ShepherdLover 5 years ago from Portland, OR

      Wonderful hub, so full of great information!

    • ripplemaker profile image

      Michelle Simtoco 5 years ago from Cebu, Philippines

      Welcome to Hubpages. I am enjoying learning about Greek Tragedy writers.

      Congratulations on your Hubnuggets nomination. To read and vote, this way please https://hubpages.com/community/An-Invitation-To-A-...

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 5 years ago from United States

      Very interesting hub. I enjoyed learning more about the Greek Tragedy writers also. Nicely done.

    • lulusmith profile image
      Author

      lulusmith 5 years ago from England

      Thank you for all the comments, I'm glad all of you like my hub so much, please vote! Haha

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