The Historic Journey Of Indian MOM(The Mars Orbiter Mission )
Indian PM Congratulates ISRO Chairperson
Mangalyan Or MOM
ISRO succeeded to place a spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its first attempt. India join the elite club of the US, Europe and Russia, which reached the red planet after initial failures.
MOM started revolving round the orbit of Mars at 7.47 a.m.But the scientists at ISRO Telemetry,Tracking and Command Network in Bangalore ,got this historical message 12 minutes later as the radio signal came from a distance of 680 million kilometer. The Rs.450-crore ($70 million) mission was launched on Nov 5, 2013.MOM was firing for 24 minutes to adjust itself in the orbit of Mars.
Autobiography Of MOM :-
I will remain a satellite of Mars.I will catch pictures and perceive or detect details on the atmosphere and morphology of our neighbor planet .
I started my journey on 5th November, 2013 riding on PSLV-C25 from Sriharikota . I left the Earth orbit on December 1, 2013. I was whiling away my time for long 300 days. On Monday I carry out time-tagged commands and they reignite my main engine . I was burning for 4 seconds at first to show my parents that my engine works naturally.On Wednesday I gave proof of my suppleness.
I was feeling the touch of Martian orbit on and from 4.17 a.m. as I became able to emit and receive radio signal. I rotated towards Mars at 6.57 a.m..My engine was ignited at 7.17 a.m. for for making me enter into the orbit of Mars from the orbit of sun.
The 440 Newton liquid apogee motor (LAM) of my main engine was burning from 7.30 a.m. to 7.54 a.m. to fling me into the orbit of the neighbouring planet. I was speeding by 2.14 metre per second from 22.2 km per second for entering the neighboring orbit from the sun orbit.
Reaching the Mars’ orbit I sent message to Radars at the earth stations of NASA at Goldstone in the US, Madrid in Spain, Canberra in Australia and India’s own deep space network at Baylalu near Bangalore through radio signal.
Here I see the orbit of Mars is elliptical.The closest point is around 420 km andbthe farthest is about 80,000km. I will employ 5 equipments for observation in Mars.
I have brought the Lyman alpha photometer with me for measuring the relative abundance of deuterium and hydrogen in the upper atmosphere .This will to feel the past presence of water on our neighbouring planet . I have brought here a methane sensor to search for sources of the gas. Heat emission, minerals and soil on Mars will be observed by a thermal infrared spectrometer.
MOM Mangalyaan Reaching Mars
Mars ,the Neighbour:-
Our neighbor Mars is the fourth planet according to distance from sun and next to us.In size ,it is second smallest.It has been named after Roman god of war,Mars.Iron oxide makes it look red.
Mars takes 24 hours to revolve on its own axis while our mother takes 24 hours to complete a revolution. Earth takes 365 days to orbit sun while Mars takes 687 days for moving the sun.
ISRO chairman K. Radhakrishnan said oheir first effortn the occasion. ”MOM is a major step towards our future missions in the inter-planetary space,” he added.
The Cheapest ,The First Martian Mission :-
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) celebrated its victory for becoming the international fourth research agency with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the US, the Federal Space Agency (RFSA) of Russian and European Space Agency to have succeeded on successful Martian missions. India has entered into the gravity of Mars.It is the first in Asia.China attempted a similar assay but failed in 2011.
So far in International arena 51 efforts were executed but 21 were successful.India has joined the elite group of Martian club where US,Russia and European Space Agency joined earlier.But only European Space Agency(Mars Express in 2003) succeeded to put its spacecraft in its first attempt.US and Russia failed in their first effort.Though later they succeded.After a long time ESA , India has done the great job in its first assay.But as a country , India is the first to succeed in this effort.Because European Space Agency is an organization formed from many a European country.
ISRO has spent Rs 450 (73837710USD) crore for the MOM project. US National Aeronautical Space Administration would have spent ten times what ISRO has spent.
M Annadurai is the project director of MOM
Placement In Mars Orbit
MOM Around Mars
Worldwide Commentary For MOM Success
ISRO Chairperson K Radhakrishnan :-
I extend my hearty congratulations and best wishes to you and your team on the successful Orbit Insertion Manoeuver of the Mars Orbiter Mission ‘Mangalyaan’ after a journey of nearly nine months. The success has made India the first Asian country and ISRO the fourth space agency to send a satellite to the Red Planet. ISRO is also the first to enter the Martian Orbit in its maiden attempt. The nation is proud of this historic achievement which has demonstrated, yet again, India’s space capabilities. I am sure that this breakthrough, which marks a significant landmark in our space programme, will inspire our scientists to make even greater strides.”
NASA – ‘’We congratulate ISRO for its Mars arrival! Mars Orbiter joins the missions studying the Red Planet.’’
President of India :-
''Hearty congratulations & best wishes to ISRO Team on Mangalyaan's success; nation proud of this historic acheivement .''
Prime Minister Of India :-
"Today MOM has met Mangal (Mars). Today Mangal has got MOM. The time this mission was short named as MOM, I was sure that MOM won't disappoint us .India has successfully reached Mars, congratulations to all of you, congratulations to countrymen. History has been created today. We have dared to reach out into the unknown. And have achieved the near impossible . Travelling a mind-boggling distance of more than 650 million, or 65 crore kilometres, we have gone beyond the boundaries of human enterprise and imagination. We have, accurately navigated our spacecraft, through a route known to very few . You have made it a habit of achieving the impossible .No one represents this zeal for exploring the unknown more than our space scientists here at ISRO . These are all accomplishments that will go down as landmarks in history.India is the only country to have succeeded in its very first attempt. With today’s spectacular success, ISRO joins an elite group of only three other agencies worldwide to have successfully reached the red Mars.The success of India's space programme is a shining symbol of what we are capable of as a nation.Let today's success drive us with even greater vigour and conviction. Let's set ourselves even more challenging goals--this too must become a base for challenging the next frontier .Atalji's vision had inspired us to reach for the moon. The successful Chandrayan mission in turn led to the Mars Orbiter Mission.We also have a great legacy and responsibility to live up to. Our ancestors had helped the world understand the mysteries of the heavens.Grasp the idea of Shunya or nothingness. Map spatial knowledge; such as the rotation of the Earth, motion of planets and occurrence of eclipses. Modern India must continue playing this leading role of 'Jagad-guru Bharat'.We have done so, from a distance so large; that it took even a command signal from Earth, more time to reach it, than it takes sunlight to reach us.Uncertainty is a part of the journey of every explorer who seeks to push boundaries and the hunger of exploration and the thrill of discovery are not for the faint-hearted.Innovation, after all, by its very nature involves risk; as the scientists are trying to do something which has not been done before.It's a leap into the dark. Humanity would not have progressed, if we had not taken such leaps into the unknown. And space is indeed the biggest unknown out there.No one represents this zeal for exploring the unknown more than the space scientists here at ISRO and they have developed self-reliance across critical domains, often in the face of hostile circumstances.Every generation of your scientists, has groomed the next home-grown lot. Through your achievements, you have honoured our fore-fathers, and inspired our future generations! You truly deserve all the love and respect you get from a grateful nation! Noting that the space programme has been an example of achievement, which inspires the rest of us to strive for excellence ourselves .Space exploration requires cutting-edge expertise across diverse disciplines.A successful space programme thus generates applications across multiple domains, Modi stressed.In contrast with the linear nature of Western philosophy; there is no absolute 'beginning' or 'end' in our Eastern understanding of the cosmos. There is only a continuous, unending cycle of dispassionate, detached perseverance.
Let today's success, only drive us with even greater vigour and conviction. Let's set ourselves even more challenging goals. And strive even harder to achieve them. Let us push our boundaries. And then, push some more! Rabindranath Tagore said, "Where the mind is led forward by thee into ever-widening thought and action. Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake."
Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex (CDSCC) was capturing signals from the unmanned MOM. It brought out the news of entering of ‘Mangalyaan’ into the orbit of Mars to India as well as the world.Australian High Commissioner Patrick Suckling congratulated the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on its historic success. Engineers of CDSCC played a vital role to bring out the information. It is an example of stretching scientific cooperation between Australia and India. India and Australia signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Civil Space Cooperation in 2012.
Mr Suckling said adding, "It is an important milestone for ISRO and for Indian space research and exploration.