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The Methods Of Saving Animals From Extinction

Updated on January 14, 2016
Seckin Esen profile image

Seçkin Esen is working as an English language teacher in Turkey. He obtained his Bachelor's degree in ELT from Hacettepe University in 2010.

A lion in the zoo
A lion in the zoo | Source
Yellowstone National Park
Yellowstone National Park

Saving Animals From Extinction

Protecting animals from extinction is an important issue to think about. It is definitely true that the interference of human activity with wildlife is one of the primary reasons for making some species endangered. Today, everyone knows that we must make sure every species is preserved. There are two different methods to achieve this.

The traditional way to protect animals is creating zoos, botanical gardens and aquariums. Animals are taken out of their natures and put into these institutions where scientists and caretakers can observe, feed and protect them. In this method, there is no attempt to preserve the natural environment and animals live individually in captivity. They encourage animals to breed in zoos until they are safe from extinction. However, this animal protection method is not very beneficial for some reasons. First of all, human created protection places like zoos harm animals by removing them from their natural habitat. They may not make animals breed since living in captivity does not encourage animals to reproduce. Animals can reproduce better with protection programs that allow them to stay in wild. In addition, animals have behavioral problems when they are kept away from their nature as they are not able to run around or hunt.

National parks, the other method of animal protection, are created to preserve biological resources in their natural environments so there is no human intervention. This method of biodiversity protection is much harder than creating zoos, botanical gardens or aquariums as you may not be able to know where to draw the lines. It is hard to decide how big these environments should be. On the other hand, it is a great way of saving animals from extinction and letting them live in the wild at the same time. By making a national park, you preserve many species as they live together. You protect the whole environment.

© 2012 Seckin Esen

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    • Seckin Esen profile image
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      Seckin Esen 5 years ago from Ankara, Turkey

      It's a good point of view. If the captive breeding program is implemented successfully, it is great for the animals. Thank you for reminding me, I should have written more about it. Take the California condor for example. In 1987, there was only one of these birds left in the wild. After the captive breeding program, they have reproduced and reintroduced to the wild. Now, there are 330 of those birds. So that program was very successful. The reason why I am concerned with this method is, not all the programs around the world are successful as much as the ones in the United States. Today, some zoos are designed like a natural habitat and animals live all the same comfort they would in the wild. However, in some zoos, they keep animals in cages and do not behave them well. It harms animals and causes behavioral problems. It is hard for Animals in captivities like cages to breed. And when they are reintroduced to the wild, they have hard time and they even cannot live. As you said, environment must be suitable for animals to live as well. Otherwise they might encounter the danger of becoming extinct again after the breeding program. In my opinion, the best way to save these animals from extinction is preserving their environment and making them comfort in those environments or in a zoo which is designed like a natural habitat as well as making them breed.

    • Melissa A Smith profile image

      Melissa A Smith 5 years ago from New York

      "They cannot make animals breed since living in captivity does not encourage animals to reproduce. "

      What?

      "Animals" have certainly bred successfully in captivity. I don't know where you're getting your information from. The whole idea of conserving through breeding is to maintain a viable population for theoretical release if the environment is suitable sometime in the future. So preserving habitat is a mandatory action along with captive breeding. That means, if you try to preserve the environment, and you succeed one day, but oops, the species you were trying to protect went extinct, you're screwed.

    • Paradise7 profile image

      Paradise7 5 years ago from Upstate New York

      True...a little bit of truth. Animals always do much better in their own natural habitat...and preserving that habitat also helps to preserve human habitats for the future, if only we could listen....

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