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Velociraptor: A Feathered Freak? (Did dinosaurs even have feathers?)

Updated on April 22, 2015
Velociraptor as portrayed in Jurassic Park
Velociraptor as portrayed in Jurassic Park

Man-Sized Monster?

From the time when it was first discovered in 1923, Velociraptor was a relatively unknown theropod dinosaur. Throughout most of the 20th century, the public seemed to only be interested in how big dinosaurs could be. For seventy years, this small dinosaur was known only to paleontologists and, maybe, to a handful of dinosaur enthusiasts.

But all that changed in 1990 with the publication of Michael Crichton’s book, Jurassic Park. Essentially, Crichton introduced Velociraptor to the world outside of paleontology journals. Jurassic Park became a major motion picture three years later, and this cunning, powerful, man-sized predator became cemented in the mind of every American. Unfortunately, even with the renowned paleontologist Jack Horner advising the film, Velociraptor wasn’t depicted accurately.

In the series of three movies, Velociraptor was shown to be a 6-foot tall, several hundred pound monster. However, we know that this isn’t even close to reality. Velociraptor wasn’t six feet tall – it was six feet long! This is a very important difference! Rather than being able to look an adult in the eye, Velociraptor barely stood taller than a man’s waist – three feet tall at the high end!

This isn’t really a surprise – it is Hollywood, after all. The Jurassic Park movies got other creatures wrong as well; including T-rex (shown to be far heavier than it would’ve been in real life), Dilophosaurus (at one-fourth the size of real life, it was shown to be much smaller), and Brachiosaurus (incorrectly shown to be chewing, something sauropods never did). No question, director Steven Spielberg used a lot of creative license with these creatures. What is surprising though, is this quote from Jack Horner himself, “When people ask me what a real dinosaur looked like, I tell them to go see Jurassic Park.” Really?

As we’ll see, size and shape isn’t the only place where Jurassic Park missed it with Velociraptor.

Animal Planet's portrayal of Velociraptor in their documentary "Dinosaur Planet"
Animal Planet's portrayal of Velociraptor in their documentary "Dinosaur Planet"

Giant Chicken Or Scaly Reptile?

Once John Ostrom’s theory of dinosaur-to-bird evolution came out in the 1970’s it quietly rattled around in paleontology circles for around twenty years. When Jurassic Park was released in 1993, this theory exploded into the mainstream. Everyone who’s ever seen this movie remembers the “6-foot turkey” scene where Dr. Grant says this line – “Maybe dinosaurs had more in common with birds than they did with modern reptiles.” Then, while a hungry Tyrannosaur is feeding on another helpless dinosaur, Grant makes the observation, “I’ll bet you’ll never look at birds the same way again.” And who can forget the closing scene showing the surviving characters watching a flock of birds fly into the sunset – as if that was somehow connected to the nightmare they just came out of.

Anyway, Jurassic Park was instrumental in bringing the theory of dino-bird evolution to the public. Now that it’s been introduced, it’s only gotten more entrenched into the mainstream mindset.

It was discussed in Walking With Dinosaurs

Dinosaur Planet depicted Velociraptor almost as a large, flightless bird – covered in white feathers

Prehistoric Park told their audiences that the undisputed bird, Microraptor, was actually a flying relative of Velociraptor.

Over and over again, we’re bombarded with the idea of feathered dinosaurs evolving into modern birds. The problem is…the only evidence to support this theory is extremely shaky!

The absurd result of the dino-to-bird theory - Velociraptor degraded to a comical, deformed turkey
The absurd result of the dino-to-bird theory - Velociraptor degraded to a comical, deformed turkey

The Truth About Feathered Dinosaurs

We’ve been told that fossilized dinosaurs have been found with feathers, but this isn’t exactly true. True, there have been many fossils found with feathers – bird fossils! Creatures like Archaopteryx, Caudipteryx, and Microraptor have been found with clearly fossilized feathers. These creatures were nothing more than fossilized birds.

Other “feathered dinosaurs” that have been found were clearly dinosaurs. Ironically, every one of these creatures that are obviously dinosaurs have less-than-obvious feathers! Real theropod dinosaurs, such as Sinosauropteryx, have been found with some type of fibrous substance surrounding them. Little more than “peach fuzz” these fibers have been hailed as “proto-feathers.” But were they really the forerunner to modern bird feathers?

Actually, there is another, simpler explanation for these fossilized fibers. When some reptiles die and decay, their scales begin to fray apart into a fibrous mass – very similar to what we see in some of these “feathered” fossils. This has been clearly observed in sea snakes for example. So rather than being feathers, it’s likely that these fibers were fossilized scales that were in the process of decaying.

But the most damaging fact to the feathered Velociraptor picture is the fact that absolutely no feathers have been found on Velociraptor! After seeing so many artist portraying it with feathers, it’s surprising to see what kind of evidence they base this on! Are you ready? This quote from the New Scientist website presents the evidence that is supposed to convince you that Velociraptor had feathers –

“In the absence of Velociraptor feathers in the archaeological record, (emphasis added) Alan Turner at the American Museum of Natural History in New York, US, decided to take a closer look at Velociraptor bones for signs of quill knobs. Such knobs evolved as a place for the ligaments of feathers to attach, Turner explains. While examining the Mongolian Velociraptor fossils he found the telltale bumps on the ulna - a bone that extends along the creature's front limb. The knobs, which appear in a row spaced about 4 millimetres apart, are raised less than 1 mm above the bone surface. "These are really quite subtle features. I felt them before I saw them. They are easy to overlook," he says.

There you have it, a scientist looking for quill knobs as evidence for feathers found bumps on a Velociraptor bone that he called quill knobs. Case closed! From these bumps on the bone, Turner manufactured a theory of "secondary flightlessness" for this poor creature. According to Turner's imagination, the ancestors of Velociraptor were once able to fly but had since lost that ability. What do you know? Jurassic Park may have gotten something right! Velociraptor has truly been reduced to a flightless bird - a "six-foot turkey"!

It’s amazing to think about how many people believe that dinosaurs evolved into birds. This is especially true considering all of the major differences between the two.

Their lungs are completely different. Reptiles have simple bellows lungs while birds have a sophisticated multi-chambered, flow-through breathing system.

Their body proportions are all wrong. Flying birds have well-developed and powerful chest, arms developed into wings, and very small legs. Theropod dinosaurs are exactly the opposite. They have heavy heads, short arms and massive legs.

Their leg structures are completely different. Dinosaurs walked with their entire legs, from the hip down. In other words, you could see their entire legs outside their body. Birds, on the other hand, have legs that are fixed inside their body from the hip to the knee. Their upper legs actually provide support for the lungs. Where their legs appear to leave their body is in fact the knee joint, with their ankle joint halfway down.

Reptile scales are completely unrelated to bird feathers. It’s true that they’re both made out of keratin, but that’s where the similarities stop. Scales are simple folds in a reptile’s skin. They are grown out of, and shed from, the skin’s surface. There is no complexity and no depth – this is why a snake can shed all of its scales at once.

Feathers are far more complex. They are grown from a follicle, much like hair, from below the surface. They have structure, complexity, and a beautiful design. They are incredibly strong and lightweight – perfect for flight.

And let’s not forget, the change from cold-bloodedness to warm-bloodedness is not small change!

Velociraptors from Jurassic Park 3
Velociraptors from Jurassic Park 3

What Isn't Being Said In The Scale-to-Feather Theory

Deinonychus - one of the rare pictures of this creature without its supposed feathers
Deinonychus - one of the rare pictures of this creature without its supposed feathers

Pack-Hunting Predator Or Congregating Scavenger?

In Jurassic Park, Velociraptor was shown as an aggressive predator. It was shown to be “problem-solving intelligent” – working together in packs to terrorize the human cast.

This depiction is based on fossils of Deinonychus, a close relative of Velociraptor. In many sites in the United States, several Deinonychus have been found around a single plant-eating dinosaur named Tenontosaurus. In fact, of all the sites where Deinonychus was found, only six of them lacked Tenontosaurus remains! This was taken as evidence that Deinonychus was a pack-hunter. Scientist then took this assumption and applied it to Velociraptor.

First of all, the evidence that Deinonychus was a pack-hunter is weak, at best. Just because they were found together while feeding on a herbivore doesn’t mean they worked together to kill it! We find dozens of saber-tooth cats in the La-Brae tar pits, but we know they weren’t hunting in packs. They were simply attracted to the scent of dead animals. Who’s to say that those Deinonychus didn’t congregate around an animal that was already dead?

Secondly, to apply speculations about one animal to another is poor science. Let’s say that Deinonychus was a pack-hunter – why would that fact prove that Velociraptor was a pack-hunter too? Lions hunt in groups, tigers don’t. Finding lions in a pride doesn’t prove that tigers secretly hunt in groups too. The simple fact is, all of Velociraptor finds have been lone animals. No two Velociraptors have been found together.

The Point Is....We Don't Know!

So what’s the point being made here? Simply this, we don’t know much about Velociraptor beyond its size and shape. To go beyond the fossils that have been found and try to present theories as facts is just bad science.

Maybe Velociraptor hunted in packs, but there is simply no evidence for it.

Maybe it did have feathers, but there needs to be far more proof than what has been presented.

Maybe it was pink-spotted and spoke French! But don’t present that as a fact until you have evidence to back it up!

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      coelophysis 2 years ago

      i am saying dinosaur are orgin story of crocodilian the advance thecodont the subgroup of thecodont reptile what scientist found what is dinosaur is actural is a prehistoric crocodilian and modern crocodilian is advance dinosaur and spinosauridae as the first mesoeucrocodylia united the none mesoeucrocodylia dinosaur like t.rex and triceratops into one group the modern crocodilian. dinosaur and crocodilian are the same animal dinosaur is just a primtive crocodilian with a weak bite which is important for a successful animal its impossible for dinosaur to reach the bite force of modern crocodilian with only 2 bone fuse to the braincase like most reptile modern crocodilian has 6 like mammal . and the mesoeucrocodylia the quadrupedal line like hallopus macelognathus they are same animal one is a male or female they have hollow bone on there legs only found in some predator theropod and birds its extreme hollow bone kind the bird kind hallopus adult fossil was found with lack of neural arch sail neural spine which is part of death roll system in thecodont lack of neural arch without a hump sail is only found in spinosauridae and modern crocodilian lack of neural arch is very rare in thecodont reptile. mesoeucrocodylia are the true crocodilian like supercroc spinosaurus gator they have fully secondary bony palate sensory dot skull the advance type of dinosaur the successful line they alive today and spinosauridae actural is a tyrannosauridae a advance tyrannosauridae because tyrannosauridae was found before. tyrannosauridae feature is heavy crocodilian feature and reason why spinosauridae is tyrannosauridae just like they put primtive megaraptor into tyrannosauridae now. the science for tyrannosauridae is still new. in 3 finger dinosaur tyrannosauridae has the most hole in the skull only reptile has that is modern crocodilian a mammal feature bird skull and 5,4 finger dinosaur are too norrow to have that all thou all 3 finger dinosaur have more hole in the skull because of wider skull than bird and 5,4 finger dinosaur but only tyrannosauridae match crocodilian. spinosauridae like baryonyx had dinosaur tail stiff tail the primtive spinosauridae a simi aquatic animal was not a good swimer like modern crocodilian because crocodilian are just start in out in water the advance spinosauridae spinosaurus is a good swimer it has crocodilian tail. modern crocodilian the smooth fronted caiman dwarf caiman has dinosaur tail stiff tail only living crocodilian with it, it is not a good swimer its tail is not very flexble only can move up and down not side to side like most crocodilian its a bipedal dinosaur land feature that why smooth fronted caiman dwarf caiman is the most land base crocodilian there is no webbing on there feet they have mammal like skull its not that flat dog like dome like very simular to spinosauridae skull this show spinosauridae was never as aquatic like modern crocodilian allthou probaly have simular life style . nile crocodile gator still hunt on land the smooth fronted caiman rarely found in water does not need crocodilian tail most of adult hunting is on land the different from smooth fronted caiman and spinosauridae skull is smooth fronted caiman have extreme short snout and spinosauridae has extreme long snout gharial like. because baryonyx was not athletic swimer like modern crocodilian to catch fish the long snout of baryonyx is to help catch fish its a mix use skull like the nile crocodile that allso design to kill large land base animal that why spinosaurus has fuse nasal bone it allso in one of the dwarf caiman is to prevent dimage in the skull from a prey animal with legs baryonyx and most crocodilian does not have fuse nasal bone. duck bill dinosaur allso has crocodilian tail the ornithopod type that why some of them do not have armo skin some were probaly extreme aquatic the early duck bill dinosaur had dinosaur tail. tetanuran dinosaur mean stiff tail which is in most 3 finger dinosaur is show different from early advance dinosaur like 4 finger ceratosaur a early carnosaur that had crocodilian tail it just a evolution step up the early tetanuran had stiff tail a dinosaur tail allso a carnosaur which mean these feature femur is bigger than the tibia. the badit scientist the trouble maker they know dinosaur are crocodilian its been known since t.rex fossil that it had mammal type fully bony palate only reptile has that is crocodilian allso have very extreme short secondary bony palate like a bird fully bony palate is mammal and crocodilian feature early dinosaur did not have any bony palate like lizard . palate science is well known in science did not need a could fossil of spinosauridae in 80's to tell. its a scam by curupth media and badit science who tabloid media hire to defame a great reptile dinosaur are alive the badit scientist are not stupid they know dinosaur are crocodilian they waiting for game changing fossil we know that is never going to come they are delaying things allso may be by bad creationist scientist too.trigminal large nerve hole fossa only found in dinosaur and crocodilian for the most sensoritive face out of any animal and spinosauridae clearly had death roll system with a fully secondary bony palate and lack neural arch and large sail neural spine like crocodilian you can find all these evidence on google search its all free. the search for dinosaur has been over for long time its not really a shock to bandit scientist to find shieldcroc with triceratops unique head skin i can not believe this scam is still going on even bandit scientist john ruben say dinosaur are crocodilian.the lacrimal fenestra fossa hole in the skull is only found in advance dinosaur like t.rex gator its not found in primtive dinosaur like coelophysis eoraptor herrerasaurus its a advance dinosaur feature. the meteorite did not kill most dinosaur it was the raise of mesoeucrocodylia dinosaur that kill them they clearly were better dinosaur with snake like tail and a death roll system. in 3 finger dinosaur like compsognathus tibia is bigger than the femur its a none carnosaur dinosaur its allso like that in hallopus and other mesoeucrocodylia which is very rare in mesoeucrocodylia which make compsognathus a tyrannosauridae allso lack mandibular fenestra a bird like feature allso found in mesoeucrocodylia very rare in mesoeucrocodylia the cliam that spinosaurus is not a carnosaur is tabloid news it has a robust fourth trochanter like baryonyx the fourth trochanter in hallopus and compsognathus is reduce and modern crocodilian is a carnosaur dinosaur.

    • mattheos profile image
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      mattheos 2 years ago

      um.....I really don't follow this comment structure. What, exactly, are you trying to say?

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      coelophysis 2 years ago

      the new fossil of spinosaurus now have crocodilian tail and its not a croc .oh the cliam the first aquatic dinosaur many dinosaur have crocodilian tail ceratosaurus ornithopod dinosaur what a joke dinosaur is and a fraud the new piltdown man its just a primtive gator in fact spinosauridae is the first mesoeucrocodylia .and why is crocodilian doing with a advance dinosaur feature like a lacrimal foramen not found in coelophysis

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      Jeremiah 3 years ago

      Thank you for this article, Mattheos. Great stuff.

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      coelophysis 3 years ago

      ooooooops i screw this up the dwarf caiman skull one of them like the prehistoric not a good speller or writer any way i think was hunger. one of the dwarf caiman skull the 2 temporal fenestra on the side of skull is not fuse when its a baby like the rest of the adult crocodilian that is different from most theropod dinosaur when that caiman become a adult the 2 temporal fenestra are fuse like the t.rex reltive and other dwarf caiman and most theropod dinosaur. its not fuse in t.rex reltive when a baby. these 2 dwarf caiman skull are like most theropod dinosaur include spinosauridae not like rest of the crocodilian even in the caiman family.

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      coelophysis 3 years ago

      dinosaur was not a unique reptile it was a prehistoris crocodilian that what the scientist found. yeah it was odd looking useing there arms as hunter for a mesoeucrocodylian but really there not more there. there is no evolution evidence can prevent dinosaur from being a crocodilian. they was a bipedal sebecus in the sebecus group with dinosaur bipedal feature and bird bipedal feature its not only the skull and teeth that it had as dinosaur feature. a bird hip dino had close hip socket ceratasaurus had crocodilian tail crocodilian have a well deloped cingulum teeth spinosaurus has fully secondary bony palate like all mesoeucrocodylian and a death roll system sensory dot skin sensory dot snout like a modern crocodilian these feature are unique to modern crocodilian and dinosaur match teeth number evolution is same as modern crocodilian like how both share hepatic piston and diaphragm breath system and plant eating teeth and baby size baby legs bigger than the adult.and its not on common for a aquatic reptile to grow back there finger they lost true evolution. ok to pterosaur weak muscle as flying animal that does not make any sense hollow bone were in a archosauromorph sphenosuchian those are not flying animal .only 3 animal in the thecodont teeth reptile had no verticalisation t.rex gharial pterosaur its very rare in reptile and dinosaur and crocodilian is not a shock pterosaur match partshall open hip socket 3 sacral vertebrae ornithosuchidae claws. pterosaur was a very aquatic crocodilian that had smood skin no rows of croc bums armo skin like extreme aquatic prehistoric crocodilian there finger and toe were webb like very aquatic animal only glider had web finger and toe pterosaur 3free webb finger were at a normal size those did not have a wing on it. pterosaur could not climb tree with those large wing like flightless bird only will come on land to lay eggs or to go to different lake no different from a sea turtle lifestyle i do not see flying animal with giant duckbill dino armo crest sailfin crown skin . john ruben the scientist said dinosaur are crocodilian because he have seen thing like fuse nasal bone in one of the dwarf caiman and 2 temporal fenestra hole in the side of skull is fuse when they are a baby not fuse when there are adult those are t.rex reltive unique feature not found in other dinosaur t.rex allso has fuse parietal bone like gator.its a hoax sebecus deinosuchus croc only has 3 finger claws crocodilian teeth numbers ornthosuchidae hybrid ankle gator baby legs bigger than adult these are thing scientist had known since the 1970's .the handicap toe and finger claws fast crocodilian has a lizard body plan and they are many simi aquatic lizard you do not see any lizard with finger and toe claws like that.pterosaur wing crocodilian have a fin scale skin on there foot protowing there just a crocodilian mimic mantas ray with a large crocodilian brain t.rex has a flight furcula no scientist think it can fly pterosaur flight feature are just convergen evolution and they are not like bat. and crocodilian have a unual large neural spine large for today animal and its just like there ancestor spinosauridae both can do falling on there feet cat trick because they have exturnal movement in there body a starter that why crocodilian has those large muslce on there back for and that why spinosaurus has those unique ball socket joint on there neural spine and no neural arch for flexiblty if you have neural arch the vertebrae is fix no movement its a death roll system . and quadrupedal is not nothing new for theropod all bird hip dinosaur came from a theropod dinosaur prosauropod turn into quadrupedal lizard hip sauropod and there is many monkey face prehistoric crocodilian and chewing crocodilian . and there many prehistoric animal that are odd looking and do not have the same feature as there modern counter parts dinosaur is 100 percent crocodilian both have warm blooded bone and are cold blooded . aetosaurus sphenosuchian protosuchian dinosauriformes i do not know what they are they mite be advance turtle. and all theropod had some quadrupedal movement all thou all were very bad quadrupedal that why t.rex have those powerful small arm like there descendants the crocodilian . theropod could not rotate there arms like quadrupedal animal. it is to assit crouching bipedal attack so can launch animal up right they can have there arm to the side on the ground only superfacial look like they walking on 4 the back leg is doing all the work launching is the main thing cat use that trick a lot in a way .

    • mattheos profile image
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      mattheos 3 years ago

      Sorry bud...Pristichampsus was simply a crocodile, not a spinosaur. Baryonyx, Suchomimus, Irritator - those are all spinosaurs. Pristichampsus was just a crocodile adapted to life on land.

      While I don't believe that dinosaurs had any type of relationship with birds, they were certainly unique animals - even among reptiles.

      As far as your comment on pterosaurs being marine animals - this has long been discredited! Their lightweight build and weak muscle-structure simply wouldn't lend itself to a marine environment.

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      coelophysis 3 years ago

      ooooops.pristichampsus is the won with flat t.rex unique teeth not sebecus i do not know if pristichampsus had real curve ziphodont teeth like sebecus . sebecus teeth was like t.rex too. data i got was not clear how close it was to t.rex teeth not like pristichampsus .pristichampsus is more close related to modern crocodilians than sebecus both came from spinosauridae both are from different evolution line of land crocodilian and both came from aquatic crocodilian ancestor and pristichampsus had dinosaur tail.

    • mattheos profile image
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      mattheos 3 years ago

      umm.....thank you?? lol, not really sure where you were going with that.

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      coelophysis 3 years ago

      boo boo ooooops. land animal nose point forward not like the aquatic crocodilian who has there nose point to the sky.

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      coelophysis 3 years ago

      allso pterosaur has webb finger and toe only glider has that and 3 finger that is normal size are webb those are not the large flight finger those are the free finger bats do not have free finger all them is flight finger . pterosaur had giant wing like a good flying animal but just like flightless bird it could not climb tree allso has giant armo sailfin crest on top of the head you do not see flying animal with those only aquatic dinosaur like the duck bill dinosaur.and its skin is smood like a extreme aquatic dinosaur that only come on land to lay egg and the eggs are like turtle and crocodilian and not all crocodilian bask.dinosaur is won of the biggest hoax in science they are not dead they very much alive and simple better dinosaurs made it and that the spinosauridae group the advance dinosaur the mesoeucrocodylian

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      coelophysis 3 years ago

      and pterosaur allso a crocodilian and was flightless and was a very aquatic dinosaur and was a sting ray mimic. that why the fossil are in lake and seas and in stomach of spinosauridae . they have no verticalisation very rare in thecodont teeth reptile only gharial t.rex have no verticalisation .manta rays have biggest brain in fish because of large wing you can say same thing for giant crocodilian brain of pterosaurs they just have simular feature to bird and bats does not mean they can fly that covergen evolution. t.rex has a flight furcula no scientist said it can fly .spinosaurus large spine is just like modern crocodilian not all spinosauridae have the same size spine and crocodilian neural spine is unual very big for a animal and it was not sailfin it was a hump and a death roll system that attach large muslce to vertebrae neural spine that why modern crocodilian can do falling on there feet trick like house cats they have exturnal movement in there body .spinosauridae and crocodilian lack neural arch very common in dinosaur because the neural spine is flexible the other dinosaur thick neural spine is fix no movement spinosauridae has a ball joint on the neural spine that is different from other dinosaur and primtive reptile that why the said spinosaurus spine are unique. hoxe expresstion some cell thing on the vertebrae they found out that hoxe cell on the vertebrae is in turtle mouse and bird but not on the sopose primtive reptile crocodilian the result prove crocodilian are not primtive animal but are dinosaurs because neural arch is a dinosaur feature in thecodont teeth reptile and it show that crocodilian had it in the past all those debateble thecodont teeth reptle with dinosaur feature that they cliam are not dinosaurs is a dinosaurs like rauisuchia erythrosuchidae pterosaur crocodilian ornithosuchidae that lost some dinosaur feature true evolution all have dinosaurs ankle. normal crocodilian ankle is different from the early archosaur ankle and the hybrid ankle that had dinosaurs and crocodilian feature is allso a dinosaur feature.those group are very different from the dinosaur precuser dinosauriformes they have feature only found in dinosaur.

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      coelophysis 3 years ago

      velociraptor did have feather and scientist had known about that for long time because its a bird and its not a thecodont teeth croc like animal. dinosaur is probaly the biggest embarrassing in science it turn into a big joke . scientist had known for long time there is no dinosaurs even before jurassic park its a crocodilian a prehistoric crocodilian just a gator .crocodilian ancestor is spinosauridae you just can look at crocodilian and see the truth they have 3 finger claws like dinosaurs and there ancestor. croc has 5 finger 3 claws 4 toe 3 claws prehistoric crocodilian 5 finger 3 claws 4 toe 4 claws its not un common for marine reptile to grow there finger and toe back. and crocodilian and spinosauridae both have fully secondary bony palate there fraud ancestor only had bony palate and they were land animal nose point to sky and no raise eye and finger and toe and claws do not match crocodilian evolution.spinosauridae allso has sensory dot snout and sensory dot skin just like crocodilian in fact spinosauridae is first mesoeucrocodylian just politics keep it away to be popular and the scientist john ruben says dinosaur are just crocs and scientist had known about young gator leg are bigger than the adult gator like t.rex they had known that since 1975 . its over they all ways says dinosaur are close related to crocodilian in the past really they are covering up the detail that it is just a gator. but really its not a shock these dinocroc start showing up like shieldcroc with triceratops unique skin and chewing crocodilian sebecus with real ziphodont teeth and they share many more dinosaurs feature.t.rex had flat curve unique teeth like sebecus of course it was hunter and the name ziphodont came from sebecus croc because there teeth was like predator theropod dinosaurs.bizarre finger claws and toe claws of crocodilian have you seen any animal match those no lizard match those and crocodilian has lizard body plan and are very fast animal.

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      Granted 3 years ago

      T-Rex had good binocular vision and a short strong jaw. Why would a scavenger need such good depth perception if it didn't hunt? A strong jaw helps for holding into struggling prey. I think that it was a hunter and a scavenger, depending on opportunity.

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      samowhamo 4 years ago

      I am gonna take a break from writting dinosaur articles and write more reptile articles. I have written 9 paleonotology articles and 2 reptile articles one is a short one about fossil evidence that snakes use to have legs like in Genesis. :)

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      samowhamo 4 years ago

      Thank you mattheos. I do believe in Jesus to the only reason I did not say so in my previous comment is because I did not want to go into to many details about my religious beliefs (a friend of mine told me once that it is better to keep your religious beliefs to yourself so they dont conflict with other peoples religious beliefs) not everyone who believes in God believs in him the same way.

      The scale/feather relationship that you disagree with well that is your opinion and I do respect that. I have just two questions though do you believe that dinosaurs are reptiles or something else because I am not sure I understand on them and do you believe as some christians do that dinosaur bones were just planted here I dont think they were planted here I cant find anything in the Bible that supports that (you will have to excuse me for asking I have Aspergers Syndrome so it's a little hard for me to catch on somethimes). :)

    • mattheos profile image
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      mattheos 4 years ago

      Hi Sam!

      Thanks for reading this hub - it cheers me up to see that I'm not the only guy who never outgrew dinosaurs!

      I still have to disagree with you on the scale/feather relationship. The two are drastically different, and there is just no way that one could have come from the other...

      On an even more controversial note ;) - I'm glad to hear that you believe in God...but that simply won't help you in the end. Jesus said in John 14:1 "You believe in God? Believe also in Me." Five verses later, He made this clear statement - "I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me."

      You see, believing in some god out there isn't enough to save anyone. Salvation comes through Jesus Christ alone! :)

      I look forward to reading about your "regular reptiles" - I think they're just as amazing as dinosaurs too!

    • samowhamo profile image

      samowhamo 4 years ago

      And also I have not started yet but I am also going to post articles on just regular reptiles lizards, snakes, crocodiles, turtles, etc so if you are also interested in reptiles and herpetology check me out.

    • samowhamo profile image

      samowhamo 4 years ago

      Hi mattheos you can just call me Sam. If you are interested in dinosaurs check out my hubpage I also have a great love for dinosaurs. This is just my opinion but I think that velociraptor did have feathers but I do think it is possible that the feathers could be mistaken for something like enlarged scales because it has been speculated that if lizards could fly or glide they would do it using specially developed and enlarged scales there certain species of lizards today called draco that have scaley wings for gliding. And also I have heard the theory that T Rex might have been a scavanger instead of a predator but I dont really care I love T Rex either way it is my favorite dinosaur. Well anyway come check out my hunpage if you are interested (and just in case you want to know I do believe in God maybe not qutie the same way you do but I do beleive in him well those are just my opinons) you dont have to believe everything you read on it those are just my opinions you respect my opinions and I will respect yours. :)

    • mattheos profile image
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      mattheos 5 years ago

      Thanks Suhail!

      I wish more people would speak up for what the evidence shows and just forget about the dogma around dinosaurs! Dogma was why Iguanodon was shown standing upright for so long. Dogma was why hadrosaurs were pictured as aquatic animals. Dogma is why scientists refuse to let go of this dinosaur-to-bird lunacy. And you're absolutely right, dogma is why they still picture T-rex as an active predator.

    • Suhail and my dog profile image

      Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent 5 years ago from Mississauga, ON

      This is the best article ever on Velociraptors. I always wondered why they chose Velociraptors and not Deinonychus for the film series. Deinonychus would have been better suited for the fiendish role than Velociraptors even though it was still way shorter than an average human.

      On another note, I also believe that T Rex were more scavengers and opportunist hunters like hyenas of today rather than top predators like tigers, polar bears, wolves, etc.

      Awesome hub!