ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Rise and Fall of the Three Most Notorious Dictators!

Updated on August 1, 2016
Boss Lady Mae profile image

A Best-Selling Author who writes passionately with Beauty, Power, Confidence, and Control

The Rise and Fall of Hitler

Adolf Hitler, popularly called Der Fuhrer (The Leader) by his people, was one of the most powerful people in the world. There were over 27 attempts to assassinate him, and his actions caused the death of almost 46 million people in Europe alone.

Hitler became actively involved in politics by 1919. The conditions in Germany in the 1920s were very difficult. The country was required to make reparation payments of US$33 billion for World War 1, unrest and inflation were rising dramatically and then came the 1929 Wall Street Crash. Germany became a fascist totalitarian state which controlled all aspects of civilian life after 1933 when the Nazi Party, led by Hitler, won the elections. He became the dictator of Germany and all political power derived from him. There was no real administrative organization except through gaining favor with the “Fuhrer”, and all opposition was eliminated or repressed, including socialists, liberals, communists and even the church. The Nazi Party gained total control; they rebuilt the German army, and economic stability returned through massive spending programs. They believed in the supremacy of a master race consisting of Germanic peoples (pure Aryans) and other undesirable races, particularly Jews, were persecuted, subjected to ethnic cleansing and murdered.

In 1939, Hitler sought to cleanse Europe of Jews and so doing, began the Holocaust, his most serious crime against humanity. Not only were Jewish people driven into prison camps and stripped of their possessions; men, women, and children were experimented on, tortured and brutally killed. Germany seized Austria in March 1938, then invaded Poland. They struck a deal with the USSR to invade Europe from the east and share the conquered land. Great Britain and France declared war on Germany in September 1939 and World War 11 started, causing the death of millions in Europe, North Asia, and Africa.

Although the German army was triumphant at first, Hitler overestimated his strength by opening three fronts at once. It was Germany’s downfall, especially during the Russian campaign. Hitler started losing his generals’ confidence that hindered their effectiveness. He had Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, the legendary “Desert Fox”, executed because he spoke against him. In his later days, the Allies considered Hitler to be their best friend as he stopped more effective leadership from taking over. He ended his life by committing suicide when the evidence showed his failure to achieve his goals. He died after causing the death of millions, bringing the country to ruins and a legacy of horror.

The Rise and Fall of Kim II Sung

Kim II Sung unified totalitarian rule in North Korea by 1949. All political power seemed vested in The Workers Party, and the communists promoted his "cult of personality". The first statues of Kim 11-Sung appeared, and he began calling himself "Great Leader." Throughout his regime over a million people are thought to have died in concentration camps, forced labor and executions.

Kim Il-Sung started his political career in opposition to the Japanese occupation of Korea. He rejected the traditional Korean feudal methods and became a member of the Communist Party of China in 1931. He had some military success as the leader of a guerrilla unit at a time when militia units had difficulty in capturing any enemy territory. This accomplishment gave him some measure of fame among Chinese guerrillas, and North Korean biographies then exploited it as a great Korean victory. He was also known to the Japanese and was the only military leader to escape the Japanese by crossing into The Soviet Union where the Korean communist guerrillas were trained by the Soviets. Kim served as a major for the Soviets for the rest of the war. Then they gave him considerable support by making him the top Korean administrative leader in the north.

He recruited guerrillas and former soldiers and formed the “Korean People’s Army”. With the help from Soviet advisers and equipment Kim 11-Sung constructed a large army skilled in infiltration tactics and guerrilla warfare. In 1950, he invaded South Korea with the intention of reunifying Korea. When the attempt failed, he returned to the north and established control by becoming the “esteemed supreme commander”. He became his country’s absolute ruler, crushing all internal opposition. Under his leadership, North Korea became a highly controlled isolated society overseen by his military commanders. Apart from his desire to reunify Korea, his primary goal was industrial development, which he tried to achieve without foreign intervention. The state-run economy grew rapidly until the 1960s but eventually stagnated. Kim’s omnipresent personality cult enabled him to rule unchallenged for 46 years over probably the world’s most repressed country. To this day North Korea is isolated from the rest of the world, the people suffer from abject poverty and only get state-approved information and news. He continued good relations with Russia and China and never changed his hostile attitude towards South Korea and the US. From 1980 onwards his eldest son began to take on significant political and military functions and eventually took over leadership of North Korea. His son Kim Jong Il and grandson Kim Jong Un have followed in his footsteps of oppression and injustice.

The Rise and Fall of Saddam Hussein

Saddam Hussein was the fifth president of Iraq. In the late 1960s and early 1970s he built his reputation as a progressive politician and he formally rose to power in 1979. He mostly focused on attaining stability in a nation with profound social, ethnic, religious and economic tensions. He improved living standards through social and economic programs including the ones to eradicate illiteracy and provide compulsory free education which was largely financed by oil revenue. He earned praise at home and abroad for these improvements.

Saddam's personality cult pervaded Iraqi society. Thousands of portraits, posters and statues were erected in his honor where his face appeared on the sides of public buildings, shops, and Iraqi currency. He made efforts to appeal to the various elements in Iraqi society sometimes being portrayed in a western suit and other times as a devout Muslim.

On the other hand, Saddam was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship. The primary instruments of control were the paramilitary and police organizations. The People's Army was responsible for internal security and mercilessly crushed any coup attempts by the regular armed forces. State security had organized through the Department of General Intelligence, notorious for its use of torture. He was responsible for massive violent suppression within his country, particularly the Shi’a and the Kurdish movements for seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence.

Saddam had varying relations with the rest of the Arab world. During the Gulf War, Iraq invaded Iran and found itself bogged down in a long destructive war which gave him no advantage and left both previously healthy economies in ruins.

Saddam desperately needed funds for postwar reconstruction. He turned his attention towards Kuwait, which he had always considered as a part of Iran. Kuwait refused to forgive the Iraqi debt of $30 billion and so Iraq invaded the country in August 1990. The result was an overwhelming defeat, an international crisis, and sanctions.

In 2002, a resolution by the Commission for Human Rights stated that there had been no improvement in human rights in Iraq. It condemned Saddam Hussein's government for continually violating human rights and international law. He was accused of possessing weapons of mass destruction in 2003, and an international coalition invaded Iraq to depose Saddam. The American Soldiers later captured him in December 2003; the Iraqi interim government convicted him on charges related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi’ites and sentenced him to death by hanging. He was executed on December 30, 2006.

Which one of these three was the most Notorious Dictator?

See results

© 2014 Mae Merriweather aka Boss Lady Mae


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Zackary Lynch profile image

      Zack lynch 

      4 years ago from Southern Oregon

      Hey there! Great hub I enjoyed the read. One thing I want to point out is the picture you have displayed is actually Kim Jong Il, the son of Kim Il Sung. Trying to help a fellow new hubber :)


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)