ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Square Kilometer Array

Updated on April 12, 2014

Planet Earth

Source

The Most Powerfull Radio Telescope in the World

On August 10 2000 the International Astronomical Union started the International Square Kilometer Array Steering Committee with 11 countries signing on. These were the US, United Kingdom, Sweden, Poland, Netherlands, Italy, India, Germany, China, Canada, South Africa , New Zealand and Australia. The Square Kilometer Array will be an array of millions of antennas that when connected together will form one huge radio telescope it will be built in Southern Africa and Australia.The distance between the furthest antennas will be around 3000 kms. These antennas will be linked by fiber optic cables to a supercomputer that will perform 10*20 calculations per second .It is called square kilometer because the collecting area of all the telescope antenna combined will be approximately one kilometers square .The SKA will be the most powerful radio telescope ever built being 10000 times more powerful than current arrays .This project will push astronomy to new heights changing the way we look at and study the universe. The information gathered will take us across 13 Billion years of cosmic evolution all the way back to the birth of stars. There are over 11 different nations involved in this endeavor one of the largest scientific projects ever attempted included will be universities, companies and students.

History of Astronomical Radio Telescope

Grote Reber and Karl Jansky are the two people associated with the development of today’s modern radio telescope. A radio telescope when used for the purposes of astronomy is a device for measuring electromagnetic energy from the cosmos. A radio telescope looks like a large parabolic dish .It is basically an antenna which collects data from certain portions of the electromagnetic spectrum .These facilities have to be built far away from populated areas to avoid interference from man made radio waves such as television, radio and consumer appliances. A significant breakthrough came about in 1946 with the introduction of a new technique called astronomical interferometry. Astronomical interferometry was achieved when many parabolic dishes or antennas were connected together to form a large array. This method has the effect of increasing the resolution of the signals being received by the antennas. This method creates the effect of one large telescope or a single antenna with its diameter being equal to the diameter of the antennas furthest apart in the array.

Source

Unlocking Cosmic Secrets

The remarkable power of this telescope will allow astronomers to study the period of time between the Big Bang and the formation of the first stars and galaxies in the universe. The Big Bang is an explosive event that formed the universe as we currently understand it. This period in between is known by scientists as the epoch of re-ionization astronomers do not have enough information as to events that occurred between the big bang and the early formation of large scale structures in the cosmos. If successful the telescope will be able to see the universe slowly lighting up as stars and galaxies formed at the beginning of the ages.

Source

Einstein’s Theories

Newton and his Newtonian mechanics dominated the theories describing gravity and the movement of planets that is until Einstein arrived on the scene with his special theory of relativity Einstein proved that Newton’s laws were slightly flawed and could not accurately describe the reality we live in. Just like with Newton Einstein’s Laws, theories have also been tested and they have passed every experiment scientist can throw at them. The sensitivity of the Square Kilometer Array will enable scientists to determine whether Einstein’s geometric theory of gravitation is a correct description of how our physical universe behaves.


Astrobiology

Astrobiology will benefit extremely from the Square Kilometer Array and its power to probe the heavens much more effectively than any other telescope. Astronomers have become aware that there are more then 100 planets orbiting nearby stars. The Square Kilometer Array will be able to probe the habitable zones of these stars and discover more earth like planets. In addition Square Kilometer Array will be able to detect the complex chemistry of organic molecules which are signals of life. Lastly due to its sensitivity it will be able to detect signals being produced by intelligent civilizations.

Source

Big Data Challenge

At its completion the Square Kilometer Array will have over 5000 antennas spread across southern Africa and Australia. Its output in terms of data will be massive about 10 times the data produced by the global internet on a daily basis. The Square Kilometer Array will collect 14 exabytes of data and store one petabyte per day.There is currently no information Technology System capable of such a feat involving the gathering and processing of all this information so IBM and ASTRON (Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy) have teamed up to tackle this problem of Big Data management. This collaboration is funded through the DOME project. It is expected to take five years to develop this supercomputer at a cost of $43 million U.S dollars .It will have the processing power of 100 million PC‘s.




ref: http://www.skatelescope.org/

Source

The new Square Kilometre Array science animation

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)