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The World's Greatest Disaster's.
Tragedy, Disaster and Devastation
There have been many devastation's around the world that have shocked mankind. Tragedy that has destroyed people and places both caused by mother nature and man.
These are some of the worst events that have happened to date and will never be forgotten.
Many lives have been lost, tragedies that will remain in the history books for all time and hopefully lessons to be learned by unnecessary evil caused by dictators and perhaps prevention or pre warning for the natural disasters that have taken lives by surprise.
Mother nature cannot be messed with and terrorism, dictatorship and war could possibly be prevented but whilst terrorists and dictators are plotting against the world, mother nature is showing us her unyielding power.
Hitler and World War 2
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in 1889. He was the leader of the Nazi Party and a dictator of Nazi Germany. Hitler was responsible for World War 2 and the Holocaust.
Adolf was the 4th son in a family of 6 siblings. Three of his older siblings died at infancy. It was said that his mother was a housekeeper for a Jewish family but the facts are no concrete.
It was also said that Hitler was chased out of a Jewish store in his youth which gave him instant hatred towards the Jews but again this is not factual.
Adolf had a problem with discipline at school and constantly fought with his father and teachers after his younger brother died of measles.
He fought in World War 1 and had no education for employment which made him stay in the army for as long as possible.
The Great depression in Germany gave Hitler a platform for his political career.
Among the many devastations and destruction of people and property caused by the war, the holocaust which was ordered by Hitler and organised and executed by Heinrich Himmler and Reinhard Heydrich.
"We shall regain our health, only by eliminating the Jews." Quoted by Hitler.
Between 1939 and 1945 the SS and collaborating governments and recruits was responsible for the deaths of 11million people, 5.5 to 6million of these were Jewish.
Deaths took place in concentration camps, execution camps and ghetto's where there were mass executions.
Victims of the holocaust were either gassed to death, died of starvation or disease whilst working as slave labourers.
Hitler organised a euthenasia program for adults with mental or physical disabilities. He banned Jewish and German relationships and did not allow citizenship for Jewish people.
He wanted Germany to be "racially hygienic" which meant getting rid of anyone else.
The pictures seen and stories told by survivors of the horrific events brought shock and horror to the world and the Jewish people were almost written off because of Hitler.
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
This happened in Japan in the final stages of World War 2 conducted by the United States.
Nazi Germany signed its surrender in May and this ended the war in Europe but not in the Pacific and the war continued between United States, United Kingdom and the Republic of China. The United States called for Japan to surrender threatening them with "prompt and utter destruction."
The Japanese government ignored the ultimatum and "Little Boy" was dropped on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945 followed by "Fat Man" on the 9th.
On the 15th August Japan announced its surrender.
The Atomic Bombings
On the first day of the nuclear attack 60% died from flash and flame burns, 30% from falling debri and 10% from other causes.
Within four months of the nuclear attack the acute effects killed 90000 to 166000 people in Hiroshima and 60 000 to 80 000 in Nagasaki.
Large numbers of people died from the effects of the burns, radiation sickness and most of the deaths were civilians.
Cancer and long term effects of nuclear bombs killed more people by 1950 and it was stated that 45% of the people that have got cancer or leukaemia were caused by radiation and effects from the bombs among survivors of the Atomic era.
In 2000 200 people were said to have died from the effects of nuclear bombings and the radiation.
Rwandan Genocide 1994
Another shocking crime that devastated the world took place in Rwanda, East Africa in 1994.
Over 100 days 500 000 to 1 million people were killed.
This was about a longstanding ethnic competition between two groups. The Tutsi who had power for centuries and the Hutu who had come into power in the 1950s.
In 1994 the Tutsi refugee's invaded Rwanda in an attempt to defeat the Hutu government. They were aided by France and Francophone Africa and the rebel group RFP.
They had a cease fire in 1993 due to international pressure.
The leader of the Hutu government, Juvenal Habyarimana was assasinated causing a violent reaction and in 1994 he Hutu's along with many civilians, local military and more took part in mass killings of the Tutsi's.
The Tutsi's defeated the army and seized control of the country.
Taiji, Japan - Dolphin Slaughter
For over a decade Japanese fishermen have been slaughtering dolphins. They hide under tarpaulins to stop anyone from seeing them and they use spinal spikes to kill the mammals. Each year over 20000 dolphins are killed for their meat or sold for entertainment in their annual hunt.
Fishermen round the dolphins up by using sound barriers to disorient the mammals and send them to hidden lagoons and the infamous "Cove," where about five boats follow a pod of dolphins and encage them into the lagoon with nets.
Bottlenose dolphins are sold to marine parks around the world and the rest are butchered and slaughtered inhumanly in what is a massacre.
The hunters push a metal rod into the spinal chord. Once the rod is removed they hammer a cork into the wound to stop the bleeding. The insertion of the rod sometimes causes death but mostly paralysis. The dolphins are still very much alive and are aware of what is happening to them and their families. A rope is tied to their tales and they are hauled out to the waiting and gutting barge, where many of them drown and for those that don't they die whilst having their entrails and organs removed.
The massive amounts of blood is unavoidable and the savage way that these mammals are killed shocked the world after a film maker recorded this event in order to stop it from happening again.
The Japanese government has told people that because of the mercury content they should not eat the meat, however the killing of dolphins is their biggest form of income.
World Trade Towers "9'11"
On the 11th September 2001 were a series of four terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic group - Al Qaeda on the United States of America.
This shocked the world as live footage showed two aeroplanes crashing into the towers and it made everyone around the world aware of terrorism and loss.
Four passenger liners were hijacked by 19 terrorists who were to fly into buildings in suicide attacks.
American Airlines flight 11 and 175 were to fly into the towers and both collapsed within two hours with the debris causing fires and the ruin of ten other buildings in the area.
A third plane crashed into the Pentagon and the 4th plane was targeted for Washington D.C. but the passengers on flight 93 tried to overcome the hijackers and the plane crashed into a field.
In total almost 3000 people died and the leader of Al Qaeda denied any part of the attacks but in 2004 claimed responsibility.
The war on terror was launched by President Bush and sanctions were put on to Iraq. The rest of the world strengthened their anti - terrorism policies and Osama Bin Laden was killed in May 2011.
The terrorist attack took over 3000 lives and caused devastating after effects on the people who lost or witnessed lives being lossed.
Many people were seen diving out of the twin tower windows to prevent burning to death and 90% of the deaths were from the impact of the planes and many were killed in the collapse.
The Pentagon took one year to rebuild and Ground Zero (where the twin towers were) is now a monument of remembrance for all the lives lost in the devastating event.
The twin towers will be rebuilt and the patriotism of the American people has grown stronger and there is a zero tolerance for terrorism.
This is not for Sensitive Viewers
Tsunami - Indian Ocean 2004
On the 26th December 2004 the world was shocked againby the devastation of an earthquake undersea in the Indian Ocean.
The Sumatra - Andaman Earthquake occurred at 00h53 off the West coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The two plates subducted and caused a mass of devastating tsunami's which killed over 230 000 people in 14 countries around the world and it was the deadliest natural disaster ever recorded in history.
Coastal communities had waves of over 30 metres high and the magnitude of the earthquake was the 3rd largest ever recorded.
The most effected countries were Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand.
The earthquake caused the entire planet to vibrate and further earthquakes were triggered around the world.
A total of $14 billion was donated to the humanatarian fund.
How it Happened.
The earthaquake occurred 30km below mean sea level where there was a rupture that caused long narrow parts of the sea floor to pop up in seconds, elevating the height and speed of the waves in the Indian Ocean, causing a tsunami.
Coastal countries in the Indian Ocean were attacked by the Tsunami which brought waves at a speed of 10's of kilometres with waves of over 30 metres high. Most tsunami's have a speed of 500 to 1000km per hour but that is deep in the ocean as it moves closer to shore the speed lessens as the waves become higher. The magnitude of this devastation was said to have been twice the total explosive energy used in world war 2 (including the two atomic bombs.)
In many places the waves reached as far as 2km inland and took 15minutes to 7 hours to reach the various coastlines.
The most damage was done in Indonesia and over 220 000 lives were lost. Most of these people were children who could not overcome the strength of the waves and as they were taken by surprise nobody could evacuate quickly enough.
Due to the raising of the sea floor, the capacity of the Indian Ocean was reduced rising the global sea level permanently.
There was no warning system in place at the time of the earthquake as nobody could detect the tsunami.
A town called Lhokna was completely destroyed and countries as far as Mexico, Chile, Arctic and South Africa could feel the effects.
People in Sweden and Germany were also killed due to high waves and 2 lives were lost in South Africa.
They have now developed a warning system for tsunami's in the Indian Ocean and did not have it before as earthquakes have occurred more often in the Pacific Ocean.
On the 29th August 2005, Hurrucane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast of America. Hundreds and thousands of people from Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama were displaced from their homes and over $100 billion dollars in damage was caused.
It had a category 3 rating on the Hurricane scale and brought winds of 100 to 140 miles per hour, stretching 400 miles across.
The storm did a great deal of damage and massive flooding caused major devastation in the after effects of the storm due to the levees breaking which separated New Orleans from surrounding lakes.
By August 31st, 80% of New Orleans was under flood water.
The combination of strong winds, heavy rainfall and storm surges led to breaks in the levee, leaving parts of New Orleans under 20ft of water.
The city of Alabama had a dusk to dawn curfew.
How Did Katrina Happen?
Hurricane Katrina developed as a tropical depression to begin with in the Bahama's on August 23rd. It strengthened into a tropical storm the following day and moved slowly along a northwesterly, increasing in strength.
By August 25th Katrina was already a category 1 hurricane and landfell on the beach of North Miami and Hallandale, Florida with windspeeds of 80 miles per hour.
Conditions of Katrina's movements along the coast caused her to become stronger and by August 26th, Katrina had attained major hurricane status.
Over the next 48hours it grew stronger and reached a maximum speed of 170 mph (category 5)
It became a category 3 hurricane and rainfall exceeded rates of 1 inch per hour across a large area of the coast.
The levee's broke and caused major flooding, 1833 people died and the coastland places were 90% flooded within an hour.
Haiti Earthquake 2010
On the 12th January 2010 a catastrophic event occurred in Haiti in the Dominican Republic. An earthquake of 7.0 magnitude hit the town. The epicentre, (the point of the earth directly above the focus of where an earthquake begins.) was in the town of Leogane.
316 000 deaths occurred and a tsunami followed. This was said to be the 2nd deadliest earhtquake of all time.
10 days after the event occurred the government called off the search for survivors and by 24th January there had been 52 aftershocks. 3 million people were effected by the earthquake and the world stepped in to help with aid.
Why it was so Devastating.
Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. It is seismically active and there have been numerous earhtquakes since the 1800's.
They had a cyclone that killed 800 people two years before the earthquake and they are not equiped economically or otherwise to manage with a disaster.
The earthquake occurred inland and strong shaking of the earth was felt in other countries like Cuba.
The earthquake was caused by a rupture which had been locked for 250 years whilst gathering stress.
There were 8 aftershocks 2 hours after the earthquake, which measured a high as 5.0 on the scale. By the 24th January 54 aftershocks had occurred, giving the people no time to recover.
Several buildings collapsed and the town got completely knocked over and a tsunami hit a small fishing town killing two or three people.
Hospitals, clinics and doctors offices were hit by the earhtquake and 90% of the buildings were destroyed. Communication was also affected, schools and universities too.
A landslide dam was created by the quake and by February the water level was low but the engineer has said that it would collapse and cause flooding during their rainy season.
The day after the earthquake many people slept outside or on the pavements as their homes had been destroyed. Shanty towns were built and due to slow aid looting began to take place. People were evacuated from areas and sent to neighbouring towns with aid from around the world arrive.
$5.3 billion was raised around the world to help Haiti rebuild.