ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Tuxedo Park America's First Gated Community

Updated on September 2, 2013

Pierre Lorillard

There had always been wealthy people in the United States, but during and after the American Civil War, great fortunes were made and suddenly there were thousands of millionaires. They tended to congregate on the East Coast and especially in New York City.

But these wealthy families didn’t want to spend all their time in the city, and Pierre Lorillard IV had an idea for an exclusive community located just 40 miles north of New York City. Lorillard was from a wealthy family that had made it’s money in tobacco and he found the exclusive gated community of Tuxedo Park.

Pierre Lorillard did not allow just anyone to buy into the community. He selected 700 wealthy, socially prominent New Yorkers and invited them to tour the little town. They all loved it and it was sold out almost immediately. Prominent members of the Astor, Goelets, Schermerhorns families all bought into Tuxedo Park.

Tuxedo Park Clubhouse

Tuxedo Park Cottage

The small community was built on six hundred acres of land in 1886. Tuxedo Park had 22 large houses, pretentiously called cottages, and many amenities. There was a boat house, trout pond, swimming pool, clubhouse, 4 lawn tennis courts and an ice house.

The Tuxedo Club was very popular with town residents; tea was served on the veranda every day and there were often dinners, concerts and dances. The Tuxedo Park debutante ball was very popular and exclusive. It was at the club , at the annual Autumn Ball, that a son of Pierre Lorillard IV’s, Griswold, first wore a dinner jacket, which was considered rather daring and informal. Up to that point all men’s formal wear had tails. This dinner jacket today is popularly called a Tuxedo. Lorillard may have been copying the Edward VII, the Prince of Wales, who had started wearing tailless coats on a trip to India.

Tuxedo Park also had within the community a grocery store, pharmacy, private police station and a private telephone exchange. This was in a time when they were just a few thousands phones in the United States so it was a great luxury.

The community had a large wooded area stocked with game with a staff of gamekeepers to manage them. The community was surrounded by an 8 foot fence with a gate to restrict access to only the right people. The residents usually stayed in New York for the winter social season and summers were often spent in other resorts, such as Newport. Tuxedo Park was really only fully popular in the spring and autumn.

For a time more and more communities tried to imitate Tuxedo Park, a community or at least a club restricted to what the members considered the right people. But Tuxedo Park didn’t stay completely restricted for that long.

After the turn of the century, some of the somewhat modest mansions were torn down in favor of much larger residences. However that was stopped by the time of the Depression. Today it is still a beautiful place, but the gate is no longer locked each night and anyone can live there. But for a time Tuxedo Park was the most exclusive community in America.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)