ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The First Real Two-Headed Dog

Updated on December 14, 2017

This hub contains pictures and photographs relating to a disturbing experiment involving animals. Please do not read on, or scroll down to the picture, if this topic may be disturbing to you.

The Photograph

This news archive photograph dated from April 15th of 1959. It shows Dr Vladimir Demikhov with his research assistant Maria Tretekova. It shows an unnamed German Shepherd dog onto which has been grafted the living head and front legs of a puppy. The conjoined dog lived for 20 days.

The Condition

This picture is very disturbing. In fact I hesitated to post it. Unlike many of my other vintage photographs this is not something that happened due to spontaneous mutation or some other accidentally produced congenital condition, or even disease or misadventure. This conjoined animal was produced by deliberate surgery.

Dr Demikhov's goal was to develop the technology of transplant surgery, and it ultimately contributed to our current ability to transplant organs such as the heart and kidney. As well as the head transplants he carried out heart and lung transplants in dogs that were probably the first successful animal transplants performed.

Is such an experiment justified, given the suffering it must have caused these animals? I really do not know. Experiments conducted today must limit suffering and use a "humane endpoint" where an animal in irreversible pain is euthanized rather than being left to die. But in the 1950s things were not so closely regulated.

Vintage photograph: property of Psyche Skinner
Vintage photograph: property of Psyche Skinner

Other Examples

Other pictures of the same dog can be seen here:

Experiments of the type pictured were carried out on several different occasions:

Dr Vladimir Demikhov

Demikhov died in 1998 in Moscow. His research included a canine heart transplant (1946), lung transplant (1947) and coronary bypass (1952). These were seen as important in the development of these same procedure for use in human medicine.

Links

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Gulf Coast Sun profile image

      Gulf Coast Sun 

      6 years ago from Gulf of Mexico

      This is so sad. I truly wish we were a different society that would punish people who experiment on animals for their own agendas.

    • profile image

      kim 

      6 years ago

      Very disturbing he should be killed for this he just wanted fame for this and he killed 2 great dogs how would he like his head on another person I bet he wouldnt

    • profile image

      xx 

      6 years ago

      how anybody can do this to living creature?

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)