US History: The Great Depression
The WPA Mural
US Presidents 1921 - 1935
Warren G. Harding, 1921
Calvin Coolidge, 1923
- The Teapot Dome Scandal, 1923
- Scopes Money Trial, 1925 For a film consideration of this trial, see INHERIT THE WIND.
- Charles Lindbergh flies solo across the Atlantic Ocean, 1927
Herbert Hoover, 1929
"A chicken in every pot and a car in every garage."
Stock Market Crash of 1929
- 1932: Hattie Wyatt Caraway, US Senator from Arkansas, is the first woman elected to the Senate, being reelected in 1932 and 1938.
- Amelia Earhart flies solo across the Atlantic Ocean, 1932
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1933
20th Amendment, 1933. This is known as the LAME DUCK Amendment, which moved the date of the presidential inauguration from March 4 to January 20, because the six weeks in between these two dats were a delay that was considered a waste of time in which the old president could not act in any productive manner. The outgoing president was considered the "lame duck," unable to fly.
This US President (POTUS) also provided Americans with three important progams and agencies during his first term. In 1935, all of the following entitites came into being:
- WPA, The Works Progess Administration. 1935. $4,880,000,000 offered jobs to the unemployed in public works such as bridge building.
- Social Security Act, 1935
- Federal Bureau of Investigation opened, 1935
- Teapot Dome: A Scandal Full of Big Oil In the 1920s
Big Oil seemingly has been at the foundation of several scandals in the history of the United States. This is one of the first of them.
- UMKC Law School
The Scopes Monkey Trail. Full disucssion with photos.
Missing Flyer of the 1930s
- Amelia Earhart Archaeological Site: Evidence, Cover ...
Transparency calls for full recognition of the final landing site of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan. We may have it soon.
Photos courtesy UIUC Depression Project
The Stock Market Crash of 1929
The Great Depression did not occur overnight, but was the climax of worldwide conditions that included North America, Europe, and other industrialized global regions. The American economy was depressed a full six months before the Ocober, 1929 crash leading to the Great Depression. Its advent was 1929, when the American stock market crashed and it lasted 10 years lasted until 1939. Some people wandered back and forth across the United States, living in tent camps and accepting any work they could find. 45% of US banks failed and other banks disallowed customers to withdraw funds because of the withdrawal stampede known as the "the run on the banks." This recurred on a smaller scale in the 1980s when savings and loans began freezing customer accounts in order to remain solvent under the Reagan Administration.
Other workers were more fortunate, because they worked for grocery chains such as Kroger and they were able to keep their jobs. One gentleman I knew worked in the very first Kroger store in Columbus Ohio and he said the depression of 1929-39 never hurt him. He said he was a hard worker, reduced waste and costs, and people had to eat, so he was safe. By the end of 1939, there were still at lesat 4,000,000 people wandering the country, attempting to survive.
During the 10 years of the depression, those workers that held their jobs were aksed to work harder. Companies sought to gaim as much productivity for as small a wage possible. Sometimes people died on the job. Labor Unions were formed, but as some workers went on strike, especially miners, government troops intervened and some strikers were killed.
There is a 30-minute "film short" form this era that is a precursor to music videos. It's title in "Men of Steel" and it portrays hardworking steel workers that practice an operetta about the company after work. Management seeks to stop them for singing, but when they learn that the operetta is in support of the steel company, it is allowed to be produced and the workers are rewarded.
A foreshadowing of support for labor unions is presented in the science fiction classic and cult film, Metropolis, in which workers fear replacement by robots and organize to hold their positions.
Farmer and Family, Oklahoma Dust Bowl, 1936
Dust Bowl Footage
The YouTube video below is actual footage about the different projects developed by the WPA, or Works Progress Administration, in the State Ohio. The footage explains how the WPA programs enabled the state to recover after the Great Depression form 1929 - 1939. The video also includes footage of the horrid floods of 1936 in Ohio, the Toledo Naval Armory, Fort Recovery, and the Toledo Zoo.
- American History and Poverty: Fighting The Great Depression
The years from 1929 through 1941 were difficult to survive for many people in America - and the world at large. Read about some of the ways that people fought for survival in those days.
- Ghosts of the Great Depression - 1930s Poverty
Rochelle Frank’s Hub called Survival in the 1930s is an eye opening account of survival that many people born after 1960 probably cannot imagine -- Unless they were born into the poverty of the poorest Appalachian regions, the most destitute part of
- Recipes For Pioneer and Depression Era Bread Pudding...
From Pioneers to The Great Depression and WWII, American families have been able to make bread pudding from simple ingredients. Americans still enjoy it, but the crafty ones add some differences!
Dust Bowl States
Creationism vs. Evolution in Schools
This case was dismissed in the 1920s and the nation as a whole is still discussing the foundations of it, along with signs of intelligent life off planet in the Universe.
Creationism vs. Evolution DVD
Darwin's Dilemma examines what many consider to be the most powerful refutation of Darwinian evolution - the Cambrian fossil record.