ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is an Underdeveloped Economy and their Features

Updated on September 20, 2015
icv profile image

IRSHAD CV has been a student in Economics. Now he is doing Masters in Economics. He completed B.A. Economics from the University of Calicut.

Development is one of the common matters of discussion around the globe. It is actually a new concept emerged beyond the concept of growth. Developmental analyses enable us to examine developmental progress of any society or any country. Based on the developmental analysis each countries can be categorized under any of the following three groups.

i) Developed countries

ii) Developing or emerging countries and

iii) Under developed countries

Every society starts its journey from the under developed stage. It may be characterized with very pathetic social conditions. And gradually the economy may witness innovations and improvements which lead to the next stage. That is developing stage. And finally the developed stage is the dream of any economy which is characterized with better and quality of living conditions.

Here this hub is aimed to explain about under developed economies and its features.

Under Developed Economies

Generally Under developed economies are those economies which shows poor social and economical conditions. Under developed economies are characterized with many indicators like lower level of income, low level of capital formation, mass rate of unemployment, under utilization of resources etc. In fact the national output of under developed economies will shows very lower figures.

Under developed economies are characterized with many indicators like lower level of income, low level of capital formation, mass rate of unemployment, under utilization of resources etc.

Features of under Developed Economies

Under developed economies are generally characterized with poor social and economical indices. Here the following are the major features of under developed economies.

i) Low level of Per Capita Income (PCI)

In under developed countries, households earn very small amount of per capita income. Compared to the developed countries under these economies’ per capita income can not satisfactory. Which creates burden to grew the economy. Since lower level of per capita income will reduce sufficient amount of demand in the economy.

ii) Under Utilized Resources

Rational utilization of resources is the fundamental problem of any economy. In under developed countries, the available resources may not exploited. Which will badly affect the opportunities of an economy to grew more.

iii) Old and Unskilled Technology of Production

In under developed economies, the production will be based on old and obsolete technologies. So the productivity will be very lower. Further, the employees may not acquire skill to improve the production. Here this problem can be over taken by giving training and ensuring modernization.

iv) Mass Poverty

Poverty is one of the biggest challenges of humanity which widely suffered in under developed economies. Today mass poverty can be seen in African and Asian continents. The basic barrier for the eradication of poverty is the unable condition of the economy to create employment and other social benefits.

v) Deficiency in Capital and Low Capital Formation

In under developed countries, there exists deficiency in capital. Since such economies are not advanced one, its rate of capital formation will be too much lower. It is basically because of high risk in investment opportunities and poor infrastructure. So, under developed economies are continuously challenges multiple issues because of the lacking of sufficient capital.

vi) Low rate of savings

Since people in under developed countries are earning lower level of income, they will spend almost the entire income on consumption and to meet other necessities. So they can not save much. This will indirectly reduce the rate of investment and capital formation.

vii) Agricultural oriented economy

Most of the under developed economies are highly depending the agriculture and allied sectors. In such countries a big portion of human capital engaged in agriculture. But they lack modernization and so they can not contribute much to national output or national income.

viii) Low productivity

Since under developed countries lacks modernization the productivity will be much lower. Another reason of low productivity is the lack of skilled and trained workers. Low productivity always gives burden such as wasting of resources and time.

ix) Poor infrastructure

In under developed countries, the condition of infrastructure will be very bad. There exist many social limits to create better infrastructure or good atmosphere. This creates barriers to start new economic activities. So good infrastructure is very essential to grew the economy.

x) inequality in income and wealth

in under developed economies, the existence of huge inequality in income and wealth is common phenomenon. Normally there will be two classes like rich and poor. The richer class earns higher income while poor class earns very little income. Further under developed countries are characterized with huge inequality in wealth. A major portion of wealth will own by few richer people while a very little amount of wealth is left to poor class.

xi) rapid population growth

in under developed economies, the birth rate will be much higher. In some cases the delth rate also higher because of poor infrastructural facilities. When the economy entered in to the initial stage of advancement, the death rate may fall. But birth rate prevail higher. So the over population creates pressure on the under utilization of resources.

xii) Disguised unemployment

Disguised unemployment is another core feature of under developed economies. It is a situation in which more workers are engaged in a particular work which requires few workers. Here the wastage of manpower will be the final impact. So the productivity will be nil or very lower because of the high emphasis on agricultural sector and high population growth.

xiii) Poor demographic conditions

Under developed economies are characterized with poor demographic condition like very lower literacy rate, lower per capita income, lower life expectancy, unfavorable sex ratio, high Infant Mortality Rate( IMR), high Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR), poor health care system, high poverty, huge unemployment etc.


In short, under developed countries are those countries which still remains in the first stage of development. In such economies, the standard of living will be very bad. Such economies continuously challenges freedom, security and safety.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)