ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Understanding Depression and its Causes and Treatments

Updated on May 4, 2012

Suicide Rates Per Age

Age of Victim
Fatalities Due to Suicide
5-14
273
15-24
4,559
25-44
12,119
45-64
14,912
Data Taken from CDC report see works cited below

Suicide Awareness and Prevention


The Problem

Suicide, intentional self-harm resulting in death, is one of the top five killers of people 10 to 54 (Corr & Corr, 2013). This epidemic is one of the worse trends currently affecting people today.

The Cause

The primary contributing factor is usually depression which The National Institute of Mental Health defines Severe Depression as:

Major depressive disorder, or major depression, is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy once-pleasurable activities. Major depression is disabling and prevents a person from functioning normally. Some people may experience only a single episode within their lifetime, but more often a person may have multiple episodes. (NIMH, 2012)

Depression is real and it is deadly, it needs to be considered a disease like it truly is. This disease if left untreated is so terrible. Everyone suffers from the blues but severe depression can cause life challenging and possibly threatening problems if left untreated. In my article “Mentoring Can Save Lives” I placed an emphasis on the fact that what causes depression is unknown but many factors contribute to this mental illness such as biological differences, neurotransmitters, hormones, inherited traits, negative life events, and trauma. Some key factors for high risk people involve relatives with depression, being female, traumatic events during childhood, alcoholism, few personal relationships, recent birth (for mothers), serious illness, low self-esteem, and even finical and social status (Delfno III, 2011).

Depression should always be taken serious and help should be sought for those suffering from severe or lasting depression. When you think about the 30,000 people who take their lives annually it is a sobering reality (Suicide Prevention Lifeline).

Each day 88 people in the United States take their own lives, and most people can tell you of someone they have known who has done it (Sentilles, 2008). 88 on it’s own might not seem like a large number, or even the 30,000 but these are just the successful ones, each year approximately 2 million teens attempt suicide, that is over 2.5% of students making an attempt. This year alone approximately 2000 young women ages 10-19 will commit suicide (NAMI, 2011).

Recent government reports release in January 2012 shows an increase of suicide deaths to 37,793 almost a third higher than the normal average, obviously the poor economy is taking its toll on people (Murphy, Xu, & Kochanek, 2012).

Treatments

The good news is that depression is very treatable. Medications and/or psychological counseling (psychotherapy) are extremely effective for most people.

Many people benefit from seeking assistance from a psychologist, minister, support group or counselor. It is key to realize that asking for help is not a sign of weakness or inability. Depression is an illness and should be treated like one, receiving assistance from a qualified individual. Like any illness self-medicating is not suggested, neither is trying to treat the condition with illicit drugs or alcohol. Alcohol and drug use often amplifies the depression and can lead to decisions that can be harmful to the patient, such as unprotected sex, risky life threatening behaviors, and etc.

In extreme cases, Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) has been successful but is usually only used as a last resort before admitting the patient in for permanent mental health care. Other less popular treatments include Vagus nerve stimulation and Trans cranial magnetic stimulation.



Works Cited

Corr, C. M., & Corr, D. M. (2013). Death & Dying / Life & Living. In C. A. Corr, & D. M. Corr, Death & Dying / Life & Living (pp. 361,407,443). Belmont: Wadswoth.

Delfno III, J. (2011, December 6). Mentoring Can Save Lives. Retrieved March 29, 2012, from Hubpages: http://jcdelfinoiii.hubpages.com/hub/Mentoringcansavelives

Murphy, S. L., Xu, J., & Kochanek, K. D. (2012). National Vital Statistics Report: Deaths Preliminary Data for 2010. Center of Disease Control.

NAMI. (2011). Mental Illnesses. Retrieved 4 30, 2012, from National Alliance on Mental Illness.

NIMH. (2012, March 02). Depression. Retrieved March 29, 2012, from The National Institue of Mental Health.

Sentilles, D. (2008, July 18). Idaho's Suicide Rate Tops Country. Idaho Mountain Express and Guide.

Suicide Prevention Lifeline. (n.d.). Retrieved 29 4, 2012


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)