ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Uppercase or Lowercase? Learn the Case!

Updated on July 7, 2016

Are you considered an OverCaptilizer amongst your friends?

Do you capitalize every title, every possible noun, and every word that might be important? If yes, you are an OverCaptilizer! You’re not alone many people write the way they think and unnecessarily overcapitalize unwanted or not so important words. Capitalization can be defined fairly simple, it’s the exercise of making letters uppercase, or capitalized, when required. Appropriate use of capitalization isn't as meek, specifically for unfamiliar English writers.

Depending on how you form the rules, the rules of capitalization may be several or limited. Since English is made up of so many diverse languages, we’ve taken some of our capitalization rules from one language and some from another thus giving rise to problem in capitalization.

Remember - Capitals are not used for articles (a, an, the) or prepositions (of, for, to, in, with, on, etc.)

If a brand or proper name isn't capitalized, it could send a message of disregard for the lack of attention to detail. Bottom line, it's essential to use the correct case!

Rules to Remember

#1 Always capitalize the first letter of a word while beginning a sentence.

#2 Always capitalize the pronoun “I” and its variants: I’m, I’ll, I’d, I’ve

#3 Capitalize the names of Gods, Deities, People, Places, Firms and Professional Titles

#4 Dates, Events, Awards, Prizes, Books and Brand names are to be capitalized

#5 Capitalize the names of nationalities, countries, religions, languages and ethnic groups.

#6 Capitalize each letter in an Acronyms or Initials.

#7 First Word after a Colon, if it begins as an independent clause is to be capitalized.

#8 Things that are written in a list or bullet points will always need to be capitalized, whether or not they are full sentences.

How can you possibly remember all these rules? Well, first of all, ask yourself three questions:

  1. If it is the first letter in a sentence? If the answer is yes, capitalize.
  2. If it is a pronoun I? If yes, capitalize.
  3. Is the name given to this person or thing that is being used? If yes, capitalize.

Whether you assume English Language to have ten rules, or three or just thirty, you can remember all with the below, where the first letter of each word stands for a category:

  • F – First letter in a sentence
  • B – Buildings (and other man-made structures)
  • B – Borders (of regions, states, countries, etc.)
  • T – Titles
  • P – People
  • I – I
  • S – Schools
  • W – Water
  • M – Mountains
  • S – Streets

Let’s consider an example:

  • This is my dad.
  • Ruth! Do you know where Dad is?

Which of the two do you think is correct? Actually both are! "Mom" and "dad" are not capitalized unless it is referred to them as names.

It's essential to use the accurate case when it comes to capitalization as it gives you reliability as a writer. Using excessive capitalized words in needless excessive situations send an awkward message to readers showing lack of experience. Don't capitalize letters anytime and every time unless there is a requirement and it answers specific rules. It is always good to know the capitalization rules to make writing as well as reading more effective and significant.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)