ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Virgil

Updated on November 1, 2009

Virgil was a Roman poet. Born Publius Vergilius Maro, at Andes (now Pietole), Italy, October 15, 70 B.C. Died Brundisium (now Brindisi), Italy, September 20, 19 B.C.

Virgil was the great national poet of ancient Rome. His most famous work, the epic poem The Aeneid (19 B.C.), celebrated the glory and power of the Roman state. It is a stirring and eloquent poem, universally regarded as one of the outstanding works of world literature. Written in 12 books, it describes the wanderings of the Trojan prince Aeneas from the fallen city of Troy to Italy, where he founded what was to become the Roman nation. The spirit of nationalism that pervades Virgil's poetry is combined with a deep concern and compassion for humanity. Virgil was also a superb craftsman and a master of language, and his poems are marked by their concise elegant style and their rich musical quality.

In addition to the Aeneid, Virgil also wrote the Eclogues (37 B.C.), ten short pastoral poems. Most of these contain dialogues between shepherds and shepherdesses and other rustic figures. Although they are based on the Idylls of the Greek poet Theocritus, the Eclogues are original both in their treatment of subject matter and in their technical perfection. Virgil's third important poetic work is the Georgics (30 B.C.), a long poem in four books that describes the pleasures of country life and offers instruction on the proper techniques of farming. Some critics believe it to be Virgil's finest work. Like all of Virgil's poetry the Georgics skillfully incorporates material from Greek and Roman literature. It is partially based on the Works and Days of the Greek poet Hesiod and on the philosophical poem On the Nature of Things (De rerum natura) by the Roman author Lucretius.

Virgil's Life

Virgil's father was a prosperous farmer who sent his son to Cremona to be educated. After 55 B.C., Virgil studied at Milan, Rome, and Naples. At first he appeared intent on a career in law, but later he turned to philosophy and literature. Virgil returned to his father's farm in about 51 B.C. There he worked and studied for the next ten years. In 41 B.C. the farm was confiscated by the soldiers of Octavian, who later became the Emperor Augustus. Virgil then went to Rome, where his first Eclogues, begun in 42 B.C., attracted the attention of Maecenas, patron of literature, who introduced the young poet to Octavian.

Maecenas' confidence in Virgil's poetic genius was realized with the completion of the Eclogues in 37 B.C. An immediate success, they were widely acclaimed in the Roman literary world. However, Virgil preferred to remain apart from his admirers, and after 37 B.C. he spent much of his time in or near Naples. From 37 B.C. to 30 B.C. he worked on the Georgics, which he wrote in honor of his patron Maecenas.

In 30 B.C., Virgil began to write the Aeneid, a monumental project that occupied him for the remainder of his life. The Aeneid was intended not only as a glorification of Rome's founding and its illustrious past, but also as a celebration of its glory under the rule of the Emperor Augustus. In composing this epic, Virgil used many sources, including the Iliad and Odyssey of Homer as well as Greek and Roman legends. Virgil died before making a final revision of the Aeneid. His orders that the manuscript be destroyed after his death were disregarded at the request of Augustus.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Jud 

      6 years ago

      I like this article and pie.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)