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Waco Suspension Bridge and the Chisholm Trail

Updated on July 19, 2014
The Waco Suspension Bridge
The Waco Suspension Bridge
The Waco Suspension Bridge in Waco, Texas
The Waco Suspension Bridge in Waco, Texas

The Waco Suspension Bridge spans the Brazos River near downtown Waco, Texas. Prior to the bridge being built, it was rather difficult to cross the Brazos River. The only way to cross the river was via ferry. As Waco began to grow with the Chisholm Trail, local businessmen decided a bridge would assist the city's growth. Waco had become a stopping place for cattlemen as they drove their herds to market. Waco business leaders received a charter from the state in 1866 to build a permanent toll bridge over the Brazos.

The bridge was built by John A. Roebling and Son and supervised by Thomas M. Griffith. At the time, supplies for building the bridge were not plentiful in the area and they had to be loaded onto a steamer in Galveston, and ferried to Bryan. From there, they were loaded onto wagons pulled by oxen. To make matters worse, the road from Bryan to Waco was a dirt road riddled with potholes. The bridge cost an estimated $141,000 to build.

It's interesting to note that Roebling later designed and built New York's Brooklyn Bridge, which opened in 1883, using the same technique and style.

The Waco Suspension Bridge has twin double-towers that anchored the span and was considered quite a marvel of engineering for its time. These towers contain nearly 3 million locally-made bricks.

The bridge was a toll bridge and collected its first toll on January 1, 1870. With cattle being charged at 5cents a head to cross in addition to the pedestrian traffic, it didn't take long for the bridge to become profitable since it was the only bridge to cross the Brazos.

In 1889, McLennan County took over ownership of the bridge for $75,000 and no longer charged tolls. The county then sold the bridge to the City of Waco for $1.

In 1913-1914, the bridge saw some major reconstruction. They replaced the older steel with higher gauge, and trusses were added to accommodate the span to carry heavier weights.

When I was a little girl, I remembering my family driving across this bridge quite a few times. But by 1971, the bridge had seen over 100 years of traffic and it was decided that it was time to retire the bridge from vehicular traffic. This bridge played a major role in transforming Waco from a small frontier town to a major commercial center and it was sad to see it close, but it was nice to know it would now be better preserved for future generations to enjoy.

Nowadays, the bridge is open to foot traffic only and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. During the spring and summer months it's not uncommon to see teens in prom attire, or future brides in wedding gowns posing for pictures on the bridge. Quite a few people have even held their wedding ceremony on the bridge.

Every year the city of Waco, with the assistance of local merchants, hosts a big 4th of July celebration including a large fireworks display at Indian Springs Park located adjacent to the Waco Suspension Bridge.

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    • KCC Big Country profile imageAUTHOR

      KRC 

      9 years ago from Central Texas

      Glad you enjoyed it rsmallory! Thank you!

    • rsmallory profile image

      Rebecca Sue Mallory 

      9 years ago from Central Texas

      KCC, I am a big history buff and love interesting facts like you have divulged here. Cool hub. Thanks.

    • KCC Big Country profile imageAUTHOR

      KRC 

      9 years ago from Central Texas

      I look forward to your Grand Canyon Hub, Dohn!

    • KCC Big Country profile imageAUTHOR

      KRC 

      9 years ago from Central Texas

      Thanks Dohn...it's free to cross the Waco Suspension Bridge but you have to walk across it. No vehicular traffic of any kind since 1971. The tolls stopped 1889. In old pictures of Waco you can actually see the house and windmill of the family who acted as tollkeepers to the bridge. They lived at the end of the bridge. Really bizarre.

    • dohn121 profile image

      dohn121 

      9 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

      I sure wish it costs only 5 cents a car to cross the George Washington Bridge! It's now up to $8 a car! Another great hub, KCC Big Country. I take it there's no longer a toll to cross this bridge, right?

      BTW, my Grand Canyon hub will be done tomorrow!

    • KCC Big Country profile imageAUTHOR

      KRC 

      9 years ago from Central Texas

      Thanks John. That's actually my reason for writing the hubs that I do. These are all pieces of my past that I hope others would find interesting since I know it's unlikely that many who read it will have ever been there, and perhaps never have the opportunity to see. That's another reason I try to keep them condensed, since it's unlikely you'd want to know everything there is to know about a place you won't ever go.

    • John Chancellor profile image

      John Chancellor 

      9 years ago from Tennessee

      There is so much interesting history about places and things most of us will never see. Unless you have some connection with Waco, it is unlikely that you would ever come across this story. Thanks for bringing this to our attention.

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