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Water:The Unknown Threat

Updated on October 4, 2016

The Theory

Look at Earth compared to other rocky planets in the neighborhood that are barren and without any life, and the first thing that would likely jump out is that there's A LOT of water. So how did 70 percent of our planet's surface become covered in this essential life ingredient?

That question is the subject of lively scientific debate, it turns out.

There are two prevailing theories: One is that the Earth held onto some water when it formed, as there would have been ice in the nebula of gas and dust (called the proto-solar nebula) that eventually formed the sun and the planets about 4.5 billion years ago. Some of that water has remained with the Earth, and might be recycled through the planet's mantle layer, according to one theory.

The second theory holds that the Earth, Venus, Mars and Mercury would have been close enough to that proto-solar nebula that most of their water would have been vaporized by heat; these planets would have formed with little water in their rocks. In Earth's case, even more water would have been vaporized when the collision that formed the moon happened. In this scenario, instead of being home-grown, the oceans would have been delivered by ice-rich asteroids, called carbonaceous chondrites.

Big Bang:The Formation Of Universe

The Universe that encompasses unpredictable galaxies had no existence 14 billion years ago.Universe exploded to existence due to fluctuations in the empty void as supernovae. A subatomic particle expanded to a massive size in a bat of an eye resulting in formation of unstable mammoth atomic particles, burning for the next millions of years carried by the negative vacuum energy .This theory that describes the origin and nascent of the universe is Big Bang.

It took millions for the subatomic particles to cool down and come to a stable state. The process of habitation started due to the chemical impacts of different environments with each other.

The central sub-atomic particle that could have exploded.

Source

What led to the formation of water molecules?

The term water is known to be extant millions of years after the big bang. The stars that began their conformation million years after the big bang were gargantuan and unstable, hydrogen was the reason they were burning. Gas voids were created due to explosions that were opulent with heavy elements but scanty of oxygen.Conditions arose that were needed to form water molecules, temperature also endowed what was needed to react plenty of hydrogen atoms to scarce available oxygen.

Water formed at this period was in vapor form and water in its frozen or liquid state came into existence after some time.

Condensation of water needs dust that it can be condensed into but nascent universe was free of dust it only happened after collisions of the particles and stellar process in nascent galaxy where each sub-part of galaxy became coated with condensed water and then froze.

Water existed in all the three forms only after some time of the supernovae.

  • Water that occurs in milky was was in solid crystallized state with some amount of vapor existence.
  • Water also prevailed in ice form in the cold spots where temperature was near absolute zero, such was found near condensed clouds of light emitting stars.
  • It is easier to detect crystallized form of water as compared to frozen form as it tends to absorb light emitted from its spectrum making it invisible.


Environment: Do we have suitable conditions for water molecule formation?

Molecular clouds tend to have even lesser amount of oxygen in the present environment. Is it possible to generate water in the present scenario? The answer would be, yes,molecular clouds if reacted to enormous hydrogen particles and stabilized could result into water vapor.

Initially during the big bang due to cosmic radiations the ultraviolet rays ripped off the formation of water molecules,as the effect of cosmic radiations ceased, the process of water molecule formation accelerated and billion years after the big bang the quantity of water molecules increased.

Increase in ultraviolet rays could again rip of the water molecules we could theoretically conclude that after years from now if ultra violet rays increases water would show the adverse effects and molecules would be extinct, resulting in decreasing the amount of water on earth.

If all water that is stored in the form of ice melts and merges into the sea than a situation where earth would have no soil would prevail.

All forms of water on earth if transforms to liquid form, the earth could drown twice

Water on earth:What is the proportion?

Water is the basic component for human existence which further could be divided as fresh water that can be utilized for human needs or sea water that has very less productive uses.

Water-cycle leads to changes in sea water to fresh water which ultimately gets drained into the sea where again the process could be repeated.

  • 68,000,000,000 tons of fresh water is constant on earth due to water-cycles and stored water, vapor and in soil.
  • Ice is the resource that maintains the oceanic balance ,allowing the fresh water proportion to be constant.
  • Water is limited to a certain quantity and the commodity of earth only, available in three forms ice, water and vapor.
  • Concentrations of minerals and pollutants in the oceans could have adverse effects if the constant is not maintained,change in the constant could effect the whole ecosystem.

There is a water cycle that means oceanic water evaporates (as do lakes etc) clouds form, weather moves clouds to land masses. Rising clouds chill and water distills into droplets, which fall as rain, providing moisture to flora and fauna and refreshing the land. Water eventually finds its way through the land to water courses into rivers and back to the sea.

  • Water is retained by life, aquifers, soil and in ice.
  • If we add the quantity of oceanic and fresh water, the total of all water available on planet earth would be 326,000,000 cubic miles.
  • Out of which less than 1% is present in atmosphere and only 4% is available as fresh water in the form of lakes, rivers, ice and other fresh water reservoirs.

Calculating the Weight of water :

  • 1 cubic mile of water is equivalent to 4.168 cubic km.
  • 1 cubic km weighs 1,000,000,000 tons.
  • After calculations we could say there is 1,358,768,000,000 tons of water in, on and under the surface of planet earth.
  • Finding out the total of fresh water available only 67,938,400,000 tons of which are available for farming, drinking and to support life.

A very less amount of water is available of earth if ultraviolet radiations increase water molecules would be ripped off. Discovering the mechanism for transforming sea water to fresh water could be benign. Thus productive water has a real less proportion.

The Fresh Water quantity is proportional to the Cube in context to Earth

Source

Human Component as a Pollutant w.r.t Water

Humans makes the most use out of fresh water, not only by their tasks of wasting or polluting but even the human body comprises of 80% water. However after death, decomposition or cremation will allow the body to release that water back to the environment.

Population growth and decrease death rate has started the rolling balls and caused disorder. Calculating the amount of water present in the form of humans.

  • The average human weighs approximately about 50kg, 40kg of each human is water according to our estimate which means each human on earth has fetched 40 L of water for existence i.e the process where cell grows and develops a person.
  • There are at least 6,600,000,000 people on the planet, which means 6.6 billion people have extracted 264 million tons of water from the environment which means 264 million tons of water is performing the routine tasks of our society, walking on the streets, swimming in the sea's, educating themselves etc.
  • We could say that great amount of water is not available to our ecosystem purely because new humans are born every now and then.
  • Also animals or other living species possess water which we still have not calculated.

Currently the world population is growing at the rate of 76,000,000 people each year, which means that each year a further 3,000,000 tons of water will be removed from the ecosystem. (76,000,000 times 40 divided by 1,000)

Water retained within human bodies cannot be available for rain, rivers, oceans, or for drinking.

If the population of humans continues to grow at the rate demonstrated today 76,000,000 each year, it won’t because more people will create even more people so the rate of population increase will increase then there will be no water left for drinking, for rivers for farming or to support land based life in just 20,000 years.

Disturbance in water constants is calamitous.

If the agility of water cycle becomes rapid or slow, there will be an increase in the concentration of salt and mineral deposits and pollutants in the oceans as water evaporates and is held in the atmosphere to create rain and to feed rivers.

The increasing concentrations of salt and other minerals in the world’s oceans could have a big impact on oceanic life affecting food sources, food chains and ultimately lead to long term effects on the atmosphere. These atmospheric effects will be variations in weather patterns and a change in the oxygen / carbon dioxide ratios. This would completely stop the oceanic habitation i.e end of life in water.

Thus changing the balance of environment would cause predicament.

Can something Help?
The melting of ice bergs has been a process to dilute the oceans, which is resulting to reduce to concentrations of salts and minerals. This way with melting of ice creates a stabilizing effect that could regenerate oceans. There would be a chance in such situation that weather would be less extreme and oceans would again be able to possess living species and world’s oxygen and carbon dioxide ratio will remain optimum.

The melting of ice caps is acting to dilute the oceans. Diluting the oceans is reducing the concentration of salts and other minerals. This melting ice may have a stabilizing effect that will allow oceans to regenerate, to some extent.

If the oceans are able to regenerate then there is a chance that weather will become less extreme, the oceanic food chain will return to a healthier state, the world’s oxygen / carbon dioxide ratio will remain optimum for us to be comfortable.

Earth without water: End of all life forms.

A large amount of water stored on earth in the form of ice is melting gradually due to heat wave, also disturbance in nature has begun as consequences of global warming. Someday if all ice present on earth melts then a state would be formed where earth would experience an Ice Age. Increase in fresh water would decrease the salt contents of sea and alacrity of water cycle would result of rains everywhere.

Also if the above scenario is not prevalent and instead of melting and resulting the 'Ice Age', if there is insufficiency of stored water volume to stabilize the mineral content of oceans, the oceans will be devoid of life. Impacting the ecosystem everything related to water would change, change is atmospheric pressure and change atmospheric ratios of life supporting gases. Under extreme incarceration atmospheric water volume will decline and ultimately cease to exist ending up most life forms.

In the scenario where water is non existent the fauna and verdure would relinquish their lives and life on earth would confine.

Do you think global warming (that is melting icebergs) can be useful for oceanic water stabilization?

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Space: That holds water's existence.

Stars that are surrounded by gas and clouds has shown signs of water vapor existence, why is vapor in such atmospheres is still unknown.

Water was also found on moon in 2009 by NASA.

Water is also thought to be amalgamate in various gas planets, however it is believed that comets incorporate the most out of water. Similarities have been noticed in water in molecular clouds and water in comet formation. Comets also have the name that most of water on earth was delivered by them.

Large quantity of water is available in space that could fill the ocean on earth many trillion times. If a way to use this water on earth could be found out then life could again thrive on earth.

Hubble imaged an Eagle Nebula that is believed to be comprising of crystalline water in vacuum

Source

Conclusion

However if comets were the source water from universe traveled to earth, could there be some planet where the same process had occurred? Is it possible that life has some relations in deep space? And if there is would there be some life already residing in deep space?

If there could be water on other planets and invisible due to absorption, could there be species that also absorbs light and have different properties than human but resembles them?

This opens many questions regarding species on other planets and their existence, no one knows but someday the doors would open not today.not tomorrow but someday humans will have to face the reality that water would extinct and leave no way humans could survive on earth.

Did you ever had a thought that water could have inhabited lives on other parts of galaxy?

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