ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Fast and Easy Science Fair Projects: Watt?

Updated on December 30, 2019
Click thumbnail to view full-size
CameraLamps100-watt light bulb and 2 50-watt light bulbsAn Index card or stiff piece of paperA Marker
100-watt light bulb and 2 50-watt light bulbs
100-watt light bulb and 2 50-watt light bulbs
An Index card or stiff piece of paper
An Index card or stiff piece of paper
A Marker
A Marker

Comparing light output and power consumption

Purpose: Determine if a 50-watt light bulb gives off as much light as two 50-watt bulbs.

Overview: Incandescent light bulbs, the kind used in most household lamps, are rated by the amount of power they use, but the amount of light they give off is really the most important thing to know. Light bulbs are rated by the number of "Watts" they use. A watt is a unit of measure of electric power, that is, how much electrical energy is used. It would take the same amount of electrical energy to light one 100-watt bulb as it does to light two 50-watt bulbs, so the cost would also be the same. But, does a 100-watt light bulb give as much light as two 50-watt bulbs?

Hypothesis: Hypothesize that a 100-watt bulb will give off about the same amount of light as two 50-watt light bulbs.

You need:

  • an adult (for safety when working with electricity or hot light bulbs)
  • camera
  • 2 lamps
  • 1 hundred-watt light bulb
  • 2 fifty-watt light bulbs
  • a room that can be made completely dark
  • an index card or stiff piece of paper
  • dark marker

Procedure: Place two lamps side by side on a small table, dresser, or any object that will hold them in a room that can be made dark. Before plugging the lamps into an electric outlet, screw a 50-watt bulb in each lamp. Be very careful plugging the lamps into the outlet. You can leave the lamp shades on or take them off, but whichever you do, you must do the same when you use the single 100-watt bulb later. If the lamps have different shades, then you must remove both shades.

Fold an index card or small piece of paper in half making a "V" shape. Turn it upside down so it will stand up. On one side, write "1" with a dark marker. On the other side, write "2." Place it on the table, nightstand, or dresser on the side of the room opposite to the lamps. Stand the card so that the 1 is visible.

Turn the lamps on. Stand with your back to the lamps, but be sure that your body is not blocking the light from shining directly on the card on a table or dresser. Face the card and the rest of the room to take a picture. Be sure the camera does not have a flash, or that the flash is turned off. The camera must also be one that does not have an automatic sensor for lighting. Take a picture, focusing on the index card. You may want to set the camera on the table or something to keep it still, and to ensure that the camera will still be in the same position for the next picture. The camera position and everything in the room will remainConstant. The onlyVariablewill be the light bulb(s).

Turn the lamps off. Unplug one of them from the electric outlet, unscrew the 50-watt bulb, and replace it with a 100-watt bulb. Plug the lamp back in and turn it on. Turn the index card around, so the side with "2" on it is showing. Again, stand with your back to the lamp and take a picture with the index card as the focal point.

If you have to send a film away to be developed, write down on a piece of paper that the photo with the #1 on the index card was taken with two 50-watt bulbs, and the one with #2 was taken with one 100-watt bulb. That way you wont have to remember which photo matched which lighting experiment.

Compare the two pictures. Do objexts in the pictures ave about the same brightness or are there differences?

If you can borrow a light meter from a photographer or your school's science teacher, try to measure the amount of light given off by two 50-watt bulbs and compare it to the light given off from one 100-watt bulb.

Results and Conclusion: Write down the results of your experiment. Come to a conclusion about your hypothesis.

Something more:

1. Even if two 50-watt bulbs give off about the same amount of light as one 100-watt bulb, do you think two 50-watt bulbs are better for lighting a room? By "better" we mean that the light is more evenly distributed and less harsh, making it easier to read, work, or play in a room when there are two lights on opposite sides of the room rather than just one real bright one.

2. Audio power (volume) is also measured in watts. Does a stereo sound louder if its two speakers are placed next to each other, or spread far apart?


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)