ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Welcome to mobile learning

Updated on December 1, 2012

Here comes M-learning

Move over e- learning, here comes m-learning. The world has gone mobile, in case you hadn't noticed. Look around you. As people move between destinations every day, they are engaged with their hand-held devices, banking, browsing, talking to friends, posting on Facebook or Twitter, just to name a few things. In fact billions of us are doing this globally. If you flip through the World Fact Book (put out by the CIA) you will discover many countries now have more wireless phones than landlines. So, it is inevitable that mobile devices would find their way into education.

What is Mobile learning

Mobile learning can have different meanings. To some it is the use of wireless laptops for learning so students can learn anywhere anytime. Increasingly M-learning has also come to mean that students might also use a wireless device (usually a Smartphone) to access and participate in their learning. Most common of these are the BlackBerry and the i-phone (although some larger mobile devices such as the I-pad and the Samsung Android also lend themselves well to M-learning).

Mobile learning has also been referred to as "nomadic" learning, because the student is often doinig his/learning between destinations. That can mean listening to an audio lecture on the subway, receiving and responding to school related text messages (homework or forum postings), or even doing assignments.

My students take it for granted that they will be using their Smartphones on any group work. Aside from texting, they may send each other references from the library as they are doing research.Because student and teacher are in separate locations, academics also consider mobile learning a form of distance education. I personally have found the devices useful for listening to audio recordings of articles or even watching short videos related to my work while I'm in transit

Features of mobile learning

Portability - You can easily take your learning with you wherever you go, more so than with e-learning where you are more tethered to a computer (even if it's a laptop). You are not bound to a particular location and M-learning devices(usually a Smart phone) are small and you can store them easily in a purse or a satchel.

Social Interactivity - Mobile learning takes a communications approach rather than a content approach to learning. In M-learning there is more emphasis on real time activities whether it's texting between classmates, broadcasts sent to a class, or posting on forums. The multi-media features of the Smart phones, can add dimension to the communication with pictures or even video!

Context sensitivity - As I mentioned, M-learning is also light on content but heavy on context. That means it supports activities that require reflections and dialogue with others, and supports authentic learning experiences in authentic contexts. A student can gather information right at a learning site, then covey details to others involved in a project or reflect on information that is sent to him/her in the moment. This makes mobile learn ideal for field work or on-site experiments

Informal and life-long learning - Using your small wireless device enables your learning to be embedded in daily life. If I'm on the bus, and I have a question about nutrition or about business, I can access then web on the spot and just run a quick search . If I have a query about anything, I can get my answer in the moment, or send a text to someone who knows. The learnng takes place anytime anywhere. I can quicly interact with others through social sites or texting, and viola! information is in the palm of my hands.

Examples of M-learning

While doing graduate work, I learned about different ways M-Learning is being used.

Kenya - In Kenya, an in-service teacher development program sponsored by the World Bank and co-delivered by the BBC, the University of Manchester and the University of Woverhampton used SMS (short message service) to provide weekly support for study guide material, hints and tips, outlines lists, summaries, discussion prompts and bulk messaging to maintain momentum.

Athabasca university (an online university) in Canada has made ESL lessons available via mobile devices. The websites need to be specially formatted to display properly on the small device screens via the mobile browser. (If you've ever tried looking at a website that wasn't configured to your cell phone you know what I mean, it just doesn't fit on the screen). Athabasca has also made library resources such its Digital Reading Room available to the M-learning student.

Philippines Open University (UPOU ) has entire courses delivered by mobile technology in Math, English, and Science. SMS technology enables different interactions, alerts, and content to be delivered to the student as well as the capability to work with others on projects.

Challenges of M-learning

Small keyboards and screen - These can be frustrating, especially for those of us who didn't grow up in the "texting" generation. We are less inclined to do two finger typing on small devices in order to send texts or to post on forums, and are cranky about looking at small type on a small screen for too long (eye strain is a major issue for those of us over 40!!).

Screens these days, though, days are getting bigger, the iPad especially and larger android devices are giving mobile learners new options.

Mobile learning needs to be designed with the technology in mind. Websites need to be configurable to the mobile devices which have special browsers for the web. The good news as mobile technology becomes more prolific there are more mobile learning management systems (mobile LMS) becoming available. The pedagogies also need to ensure that the learning is delivered in small "drips"on the device on the device than conventional e-learning

There are those who view mobile learning as a subset of e-learning, and not a replacement. But who knows, just as computer and wireless technology have changed education, perhaps small hand held mobile devices may do the same.

What do you think of M-learning? Do you use it?

Submit a Comment

  • agent007 profile image


    7 years ago from Florida

    On any sort of electronic platform that receives and sends information you can communicate with, you can probably learn through that device.

  • Rhonda_M profile imageAUTHOR

    Rhonda Malomet 

    7 years ago from Toronto, Canada

    I don't mind listening to an MP3 file, but I couldn't take the teeny tiny keyboard for too long. Studies have shown, that baby boomer types like me don't really resonate with this type of learning!

  • mandymoreno81 profile image


    7 years ago

    I can't imagine myself learning on a smartphone.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)