What is reformative theory?
The object of punishment is the reform of the criminal. if a person commits a crime he does not cease to be a human beings. so the object of punishment should be the moral reform of the offender.
According to this theory a crime is committed as a result of the conflict between the character of a man and the motive of the criminal. One may commit a crime either because the temptation of the motive is stronger or because the restrain imposed by character is weaker. the reformative theory wants to strengthen the character of the man so that he may not become an easy victim to his own temptation. this theory would o consider medicine. According to this theory crime is like a disease so you cannot cure by killing. For this reason a punishment like imprisonment should be given to criminal and all prisons should be transformed into residences where physical moral and intellectual training should be given in order to improve the character of criminal.