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Women in Computer Science

Updated on August 10, 2016
suziecat7 profile image

Suzanne believes women throughout history have made a difference. Her goal is to discover and celebrate women's contributions to history.

Computers as we know them now are a relatively new technology. Yet the history of computer innovation goes as far back as the 1800's. Many women were pioneers in the development of computers through the years and played an important role in the overall advancement of technology. To this day they blaze a trail to new ideas and science in the field of computer engineering.

Ada Byron -

Ada Byron was the daughter of poet Lord Byron. Soon after she was born in 1815, her mother left her poet husband determined that Ada would study science and mathematics rather than poetry. But Ada never lost her creative side and approached her mathematical pursuits with imagination and poetic metaphors.

In 1834, Ada became aware of Henry Babbage who was working on a new calculating engine which he called an Analytical Engine. He imagined inventing a machine that had not only foresight but the ability to act on it. Ada was fascinated by Babbage's theories and began corresponding with him. He encouraged her interest and ideas. Ada suggested a plan to Babbage on how the engine could calculate using Bernoulli numbers. This plan is considered now the very first "computer program". In 1979, a software language was developed and named "Ada" in her honor by the U.S. Department of Defense.


Hedy Lamarr -

You might have thought Hedy Lamarr was just another pretty face on the Silver Screen but the Austrian actress was brainy too. Though not recognized for her accomplishments until years later, Hedy and partner George Anthiel were responsible for the development of a "Secret Communications System". It was designed to manipulate radio frequencies between transmission and reception at irregular intervals. The goal of the invention was to help combat Nazis during World War II by creating an unbreakable code preventing the enemy from intercepting classified information.

Lamarr and Anthiel received a patent for their device in 1941 but it was only first used aboard naval ships during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Since then the system has been implemented in various military applications. The inventor's "spread spectrum" technology went on to form the backbone of digital communications as we know it now. Hedy Lamarr is recognized as one of the 20th century's most important women inventors and was honored with the Electronic Frontier Foundation Pioneer award in 1997.


Admiral Grace Hopper -

Grace Murray Hopper earned her B.A. in mathematics from Vassar in 1928 and went on to get her Ph.D from Yale in 1934. She joined the Navy in 1943 and was quickly commissioned to work on Howard H. Aiken's electromechanical Mark I computing machine. By the end of World War II, the diminutive Hopper was working on the Mark II version of the machine and writing complicated operating manuals on the subject. Always full of energy, Hopper divided her time between military, business and academic pursuits.

She is credited with inventing the compiler, a program that translates English language instructions into the computer's language. In 1983, Hopper was promoted to rear admiral in a ceremony at the White House. She is considered one of the most important futurists in the computing world and is thought of as one of the first software engineers. On January 7, 1992, Admiral Hopper was buried at Arlington National Cemetery with full Naval honors.


Sister Mary Kenneth Keller -

Sister Mary Kenneth Keller is thought to be the first woman to earn a Ph.D. degree in computer science. From Cleveland, Ohio, Sister Keller entered the Catholic religious order, Sisters of Charity in 1932. Her Ph.D. degree work included the study of constructing algorithms used for algebreic analytic differentiation. She was allowed into a previously "men only" computer center at Dartmouth where she had a hand in the development of BASIC.

Sister Keller was a passionate advocate of encouraging women to enter the field of computer science. She accepted a faculty position at Clarke College in Dubuque, Iowa where she went on to found the Computer Science Department and act as its chair for the next 20 years. Her vision included the concept of artificial intelligence. Sister Keller died at the age of 71 leaving behind a legacy of advanced computer studies at Clarke College.


Karen Sparck Jones -

As one of the most important women in computer science, Karen Sparck Jones pioneered automatic language and information processing since the early days of computers. Her work in information retrieval is among the most cited and influential in the field. Born in Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England she held the position of Professor of Computers and Information at Cambridge's computer laboratory until 2002.

One of Prof. Sparck Jones most significant contributions to the field was the concept of inverse document frequency (IDF) which is still used in most search engines today. She never took her retirement seriously and continued to work at Cambridge until her death in 2007. She was recognized with several awards including the prestigious ACL Lifetime Achievement Award in 2004.


Radia Joy Perlman -

Sometimes referred to as the "Mother of the Internet", Radia Perlman is most well known for her invention of the spanning-tree protocol which is fundamental to the functioning of network bridges. She was born in Portsmouth, Virginia in 1951 and earned her Ph.D. in Computer Science from MIT. While in college she developed a small version of LOGO, an educational robotics language. She called it TORTIS. Radia is known as an innovative advocate for teaching very young children computer programming.

Perlman was named one of the most influential people in the computer field by Data Communications magazine. She is a software designer and network engineer at Sun Microsystems and specializes in network security. She holds over 50 patents and has published textbooks and academic papers on a variety of technological subjects.

Please read my other Hubs about women here - http://hubpages.com/_36otspfnata5l/hub/10-Great-Websites-For-The-Thinking-Woman

And here - http://hubpages.com/_36otspfnata5l/hub/Cassie-Chadwick-Con-Artist

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    • jponiato profile image

      jponiato 6 years ago from Mid-Michigan

      That is an eye-opening hub. I had no idea there were so many influential women involved in the early stages of IT.

    • Cagsil profile image

      Cagsil 6 years ago from USA or America

      Hey Suziecat, thank you for a very informative hub. It is always cool to learn about women who have forged their way through, aspects that were originally "man" oriented and become very successful. These women were done justice by your hub. Thumbs up! :)

    • suziecat7 profile image
      Author

      suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC

      Thanks, R Talloni.

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 6 years ago from the short journey

      Love the hub, partly because it makes me think of how interesting technology will be when our photos look as ancient to a new generation as some of these look to us! Voted up.

    • suziecat7 profile image
      Author

      suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC

      You are all welcome. These women certainly deserve recognition for their accomplishments.

    • jantamaya profile image

      Maria Janta-Cooper 6 years ago from UK

      Hi suziecat7. Very informative and enjoyable to read. I have enjoyed your excellent hub exceptionally, and I am proud of all these talented women.

    • katiem2 profile image

      katiem2 6 years ago from I'm outta here

      What a fantastic list of amazing women of computer science. wow THANKS for delivering such great details about the treasured women we would have otherwise overlooked. Well done and very much enjoyed. :) Katie

    • BobbiRant profile image

      BobbiRant 6 years ago from New York

      And all this time I thought we women just didn't exist, well maybe we didn't exist up until a certain time in history, or at least got no credit anyway at least Not in great literature. I like this hub. Great hub.

    • suziecat7 profile image
      Author

      suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC

      Thanks, everyone - it is always wonderful to hear from you all. Love ya.

    • Cheeky Girl profile image

      Cassandra Mantis 6 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

      Science sure is getting popular and more women are now studying for it. This is a great tribute to ladies who have proven that we are just as accomplished as guys! Cheers!

    • vietnamvet68 profile image

      vietnamvet68 6 years ago from New York State

      very intresting hub, I have never heard of any of these women. very informative and I enjoyed the read

      God Bless

    • akirchner profile image

      Audrey Kirchner 6 years ago from Central Oregon

      What a great subject, Suziecat - very inspirational and I think I see myself in one of those photos! Great job as always....love all the pictures, too - couple of these brainiacs were beautiful!

    • suziecat7 profile image
      Author

      suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC

      Darlene - you were on the cutting edge. Thank you for your kind words.

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 6 years ago from malang-indonesia

      Thanks, suziecat7 for writing this. I learn much from you. Those women are great women and inspiring us in doing the best. Well done, my friend. Vote up!

      Prasetio

    • Harlan Colt profile image

      Harlan Colt 6 years ago from the Rocky Mountains

      This is really awesome. I learned a lot I didn't know about key roles in history. I bet if you expanded this with longer bio's and a few more women, you could make a nice ebook you could sell.

      Good work,

      -Harlan

    • suziecat7 profile image
      Author

      suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC

      Dahoglund ans WillStarr - Thank you both so much for commenting.

    • Genna East profile image

      Genna East 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      What a fantastic hub! Steve Jobs and Bill Gates are the only names that appear to fill this hall of fame. Time for them to move aside and share some of the limelight, perhaps?

    • drbj profile image

      drbj and sherry 6 years ago from south Florida

      How wonderful to read all about these gifted women. Thank you, suzie, for sharing this fascinating information. Was especially interested to learn about Ada Byron and Hedy Lamarr - way, way ahead of their time.

    • GiftedGrandma profile image

      GiftedGrandma 6 years ago from USA

      Interesting...women are in many fields being acknowledged SLOWLY :O)

    • Alastar Packer profile image

      Alastar Packer 6 years ago from North Carolina

      Just shows how women can be as intelligent and innovative as men.Really learned some things for the first time. Thanks suziecat7.

    • Darlene Sabella profile image

      Darlene Sabella 6 years ago from Hello, my name is Toast and Jam, I live in the forest with my dog named Sam ...

      This is very awesome and I sold the first portable computer, the Compaqe, it looked like a sewing machine case and people were standing in line on New Years Eve, the bought them site unseen, it was snowing like crazy and at the time I was in Boston, talk about old pioneers, that me...great hub suzie cutie...love this hub rate up love & peace darski

    • WillStarr profile image

      WillStarr 6 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Fascinating stuff. I really enjoyed the Admiral Hopper video. And who knew that about Hedy Lamarr?

      Up and awesome!

    • suziecat7 profile image
      Author

      suziecat7 6 years ago from Asheville, NC

      Mentalist - Not yet but women are getting there. Always nice to see you - thanks for the comment.

    • dahoglund profile image

      Don A. Hoglund 6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

      Interesting history of women in computer science.

    • Mentalist acer profile image

      Mentalist acer 6 years ago from A Voice in your Mind!

      I think more women than men are in science and tech programs in universities.;)