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World War 1 Gallipoli WWI

Updated on June 4, 2013
A
gallipoli:
Gallipoli, Turkey

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B
Dardanelles:
Dardanelles, Turkey

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Gallipoli 1916

The Commonwealth War Graves near Sulva Bay

The ANZAC Memorial in Sydney

Gallipoli

On 19th February 1915, British naval ships attacked Turkish forts at the Dardanelles; they started with a long-range bombardment followed by heavy fire at closer range. This forced the Turks to retreat from the outer forts, allowing minesweepers to clear six miles into the straits.

The ships were then forced to retreat when they came under heavy fire from the Turkish forts, which were out of range of the British guns.

On 18th March eighteen battleships entered the straits fifteen from Britain and three from France, they were making good progress until the French ship Bouvet struck a mine and sunk,

Soon after two British ships also hit mines, the Irresistible and Ocean both sunk with the loss of 700 souls. Three ships were sunk, another three were severely damaged, and once again, the allies were forced to retreat.

Vice-Admiral Sir John de Robeck informed Winston Churchill that to take the Gallipoli peninsula he would need the help of the army, General Ian Hamilton, commander of the troops on the Greek island of Lemnos, who had watched the failed naval operation, agreed and plans were now made for full-scale landings at Gallipoli.

On the 25th April 1915 the assault began, at Helles and Gaba Tepe, beachheads were established. On august the 6th another landing was made on Sulva Bay.

By the end of August, the Allies had lost over 40,000 men. General Ian Hamilton asked for 95,000 more men, but although supported by Winston Churchill, Kitchener was unwilling to send more troops to the area.

On 14th October, Hamilton was replaced with General Munro who after visiting the three beachheads recommended that the troops be withdrawn, two weeks later Lord Kitchener arrived and agreed with Munro's decision, The operation began at Sulva Bay on 7th December. The last of the men left Helles on 9th January 1916.

About 480,000 Allied troops took part in the Gallipoli campaign. The British had 205,000 casualties (43,000 killed). There were more than 33,600 ANZAC casualties (8,700 killed) and 47,000 French casualties (5,000 killed). Turkish casualties are estimated at 250,000 (65,000 killed).

Australian and New Zealand Army Corps

Anzac day:

The Gallipoli campaign marked the first time that Australians went into combat as Australians. The term ‘ANZAC' originated from that time and ANZAC Day, arguably Australia's most significant national holiday, occurs annually on 25th April, the date of the start of the Gallipoli campaign.

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    • profile image

      Hakan 

      6 years ago

      Turks are the greatest fighters of the world. (Ottoman Empire History) and i am proud to be one of them. :)

    • profile image

      melissa 

      7 years ago

      Wow so sad

    • profile image

      poopoo 

      7 years ago

      this video is very emotional but helps you to learn what those corageous men did and felt like during war. it is a very devastating and shocking moment in history x

    • profile image

      neshnii ♥ 

      8 years ago

      fanxx soooo muj diis relii helped mii for myy exam !!!

      ???

    • profile image

      hayleyy 

      8 years ago

      great info :)

    • profile image

      Student (NZ) 

      8 years ago

      Thank you sooo much this is really vital for my NZ at war project =]

    • profile image

      Hannah 

      8 years ago

      you are the best in the world,Kiss Hug Kiss Hug.I am

      8 years old

    • profile image

      Donna 

      8 years ago

      it is so sad how all the men died

    • profile image

      Lily Bowman 

      8 years ago

      Hey, thank you for helping me!!!! You are awesome!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      Maddy 

      8 years ago

      really helped me with my study!!!!!!!! and know i'v studied for my exam!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      hahaha 

      8 years ago

      really helpful :D , pretty much covered my history assignment

    • profile image

      Amanda 

      8 years ago

      thanks, this should help me with my home work

    • profile image

      Sarah 

      8 years ago

      thank you people great help

    • profile image

      frankie 

      8 years ago

      this has just saved my whole life's worth of detentions!!!!!

    • profile image

      Riley 

      8 years ago

      you realy helped me with my homework thanks:)

    • Laurie Favelle profile image

      Laurie Favelle 

      8 years ago from Canberra, Australia

      A great overview of the campaign. This will be of considerable to those looking for an easy to follow introduction that may encourage further reading. Thanks

    • profile image

      josh 

      8 years ago

      thanks

      great help

    • profile image

      laurenevieve 

      9 years ago

      ahmahgad thanks sooooo much

      ily!

    • profile image

      jennifer  

      9 years ago

      i am so thankful

    • profile image

      shayla 

      9 years ago

      uhhh gr8 but i couldn't find when it ended? othe rthen that... FANTASTIC!

    • profile image

      Tegan  

      9 years ago

      Thanks...

    • profile image

      Tegan  

      9 years ago

      Thanks... I

    • profile image

      alex 

      9 years ago

      thankyou

      you really helped me with my ANZAC day assignment

    • profile image

      mady 

      9 years ago

      love it

    • profile image

      rahi 

      10 years ago

      so sad

    • Lissie profile image

      Elisabeth Sowerbutts 

      10 years ago from New Zealand

      ANZAC Day is becoming bigger and bigger in Australia and NZ with an increasing number of tourists making it all the way to Gallipoli for the 25 April ceremonies. It always strikes me as significant that we celebrate a huge military DEFEAT rather than a victory or even a cessation of hostilites like the UK's Memorial Day. I written more about ANZAC Day here https://hubpages.com/holidays/ANZAC-Day

    • gilbahia profile image

      gilbahia 

      10 years ago from italy

      you are great...................................

    • profile image

      jade 

      10 years ago

      thanks soo much you really helped me with my english report

    • profile image

      Lily 

      11 years ago

      thanx! the info helped :)

    • profile image

      Student 

      11 years ago

      thanx! all this info it really helped me with my history project!!

    • profile image

      vcloijraitajslgf 

      11 years ago

      cool loved it cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool cool coolyay!

    • Chuck profile image

      Chuck Nugent 

      11 years ago from Tucson, Arizona

      Your hub and video really makes one stop and appreciate what they have. No way would I want to trade any of my problems for what those poor fellows had to endure. Great Hub and great series - your writing really brings the stories of those soldiers to life. Chuck

    • misfit profile image

      misfit 

      11 years ago from England

      So sad!

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