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Zombies Ate My Lesson Plan! Teaching Strategies that Will Increase Student Engagement

Updated on November 9, 2015
Alisha Adkins profile image

Alisha Adkins has a Masters in Education, 10 years of experience as in the secondary classroom, and has worked as an educational consultant.

Zombies Ate My Lesson Plan

Novelty stimulates interest.
Novelty stimulates interest. | Source

What? Zombies? The Research Behind the Madness...

No matter how well constructed, no lesson can be effective if students do not engage with it. Engagement is the key. Being interested is the first step to learning anything.

Unfortunately, repetition is necessary for learning, but repetition without novelty is boring, so the brain shuts down. Novelty, therefore, is essential because, by stimulating interest, it keeps the brain's reticular activation system alert. (What Learning Looks Like: Mediated Learning in Theory and Practice, K-6, Feuerstein and Lewin-Benham, 2012)

In fact, research has shown that anything different stimulates interest and learning. Something as simple as writing in a different color has been shown to stimulate additional brain function in learners. So the most effective lessons are those with instructional value that are also fun, interesting, different, or surprising to students. So, should you really work the topic of zombies into your lessons once in a while? Absolutely!

When in Doubt...

...Make It Up!
...Make It Up! | Source

Make Writing Fun

A Dynamic Instructional Philosophy: Make It Up!

When having your students write, unless the purpose of your assignment is to strengthen research skills, don't worry too much about if the content of your students' writing is true. If what you are assessing is simply writing skills, there is no need to require the assignment to be factual.

For instance, I once taught at a school where the administration mandated that every student was to write an essay about their grandparents. While perhaps a nice gesture theoretically, what I learned from this exercise was that most of my students had terrible relationships with their grandparents. Rather than forcing them to write heart-wrenching accounts of their broken relationships with their grandparents (although some students did), when my students protested, I told them that if they weren't comfortable writing about their real grandparents, just make up fictional ones. One of the beauties of writing is that, when you create the story, grandpa doesn't have to be an abusive drug addict. Grandpa can be an astronaut, an international spy, or a vampire. Many of the students who were initially the most obstinate toward this assignment became the most engaged in it. They got excited about being creative, displayed genuine concern over the editing process because they were interested in crafting their work, and they actually wanted to share what they were writing.

Also consider this option when assigning autobiographies or asking students to respond to autobiographical writing prompts. Although most students enjoy writing about themselves, you will occasionally encounter the student who says "I don't want to write about my life. My life is boring." My response to this has always been, "Then make it up!"

Does it really matter if a student's essay is about skinning a knee while riding his or her bike or about being drafted from middle school by the NBA? No, except that using a fantastical scenario may capture the student's imagination, thus increasing the time and effort the student is willing to devote to the written assignment. (Incidentally, an added bonus to allowing your students to make up their essay content is that this also tends to make for much more interesting reading when you sit down to grade.)

If writing something imaginary makes the process of writing a more pleasurable experience for a student, don't just allow it -- encourage it!

Project Ideas: Instant Book

Break up the Routine with Projects

Another way to capture students' interests is by breaking up the routine. Projects can be novel, fun, and engaging ways to reinforce learning or demonstrate mastery.

Here are just a few project suggestions. Consider having your students create one of the following based around a topic they have been studying:

  • advertisement
  • poster
  • collage
  • mural
  • mini-book
  • scrapbook
  • comic book
  • mobile
  • bookmark
  • cereal box
  • lunch bag
  • fortune teller
  • newspaper
  • speech
  • play or skit
  • poetry slam

Give Students Choices

Source

Differentiation Made Easy

As teachers, we know that it is important to differentiate instruction to meet the needs of each student. However, doing so on a regular basis can be a challenge. But it doesn't always have to be. Give them choices.

One easy way to differentiate instruction is by giving students choices within their assignments. This allows them to work with the assigned material while choosing a method that interests them, thus maximizing their engagement while also accommodating their individual learning styles. For instance, after learning about the culture of a geographic region, students could choose to write a report, create an illustrated poster, write and act out a short play, or give a PowerPoint presentation on an aspect of the region. Just remember to give clear, specific directions so students know for what criteria you are looking!

Sources

Feuerstein and Lewin-Benham. 2012. What Learning Looks Like: Mediated Learning in Theory and Practice, K-6. Teachers College Press.

"Classroom Projects." Oklahoma Department of Transportation. http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/newsmedia/kolg/pdfs/projects-class.pdf

"Creative Attitude: Making Writing Fun with Creative Writing and Publishing." ASCD. http://www.ascd.org/ascd-express/vol6/625-mckelvey.aspx

"Novelty aids learning." Phys.Org. http://phys.org/news73834337.html

"Why Repetition is Important." Michael Tipper. http://www.happychild.org.uk/acc/tpr/amz/1198rept.htm


© 2013 Alisha Adkins

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    • jabelufiroz profile image

      Firoz 4 years ago from India

      Impressive hub on Student Engagement. Voted up.

    • Dreamhowl profile image

      Jessica Marello 4 years ago from United States

      This is great! My grade 12 English teacher in high school gave us leeway on one of our final assignments about Beowulf; we could work in groups or alone, we could do a skit, record a video or write something creatively about the piece. Most of the students ended up doing modern reenactments on video, and I made a newspaper. No one complained about the assignment and everyone worked really hard on it. I think students just like it more when their assignments are interesting.

    • Writer Fox profile image

      Writer Fox 4 years ago from the wadi near the little river

      What a clever idea to 'make up' a grandpa! I've seen little ones devastated when they had to draw a picture of their family, when their family unit wasn't like a picture book. It's more than embarrassing; it can be heart-wrenching. I think your students are very fortunate to have you as their teacher!

    • profile image

      mbuggieh 4 years ago

      While I like the idea of autobiographies and use autobiography as an ice-breaker tool in my online classes, we do need to be sensitive to the problems associated with disclosure of autobiographical information. Students may be uncomfortable in reporting about themselves and their families; students may be embarrassed; students may be shy, etc. We do need to create autobiographical assignments in ways that enable participation, but disable problems associated with disclosure.

      The problem: How do we do this?

    • Alisha Adkins profile image
      Author

      Alisha Adkins 4 years ago from New Orleans

      I always prefaced autobiographical assignments with the assurance that students didn't have to share anything with which they weren't comfortable -- or, indeed, could fictionalize the whole assignment, if they so chose.

      Autobiographical assignments are common in English classes, particularly as beginning-of-year / get-to-know-you assignments, and they are valuable activities as long as they are handled with sensitivity.

    • profile image

      mbuggieh 4 years ago

      I agree and I think the option of fictionalizing is a good idea...thanks!

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