ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Arthur the Sleeping Hero

Updated on January 7, 2015
The Sleeping Hero
The Sleeping Hero

The Passing of Arthur

What happened to King Arthur? Some say he was slain at the Battle of Camlann and buried there.

But there are many stories about the passing of Arthur, is it true that he was transformed into a raven or was he placed in a tomb which then vanished in a mist? Was he taken to Avalon to be healed of his wounds? Perhaps he sits in Valhalla with the fallen warriors of the North.

No, none of those tales are true. Arthur, the Once and Future King, Rex quondam Rexque futurus, has joined the other Sleeping Heroes, and will return to help Britain in her darkest hour.

Arthur's bier vanishes in magical circumstances

Illustration from 'The Boy's King Arthur'
Illustration from 'The Boy's King Arthur'

Arthur is gravely wounded

According to the Legend, Arthur has been wounded slightly in the final battle against Mordred,and he orders his arms to be taken off. Then, unexpectedly, a youth rides up and pierces Arthur with a spear and is killed by Arthur with another spear as he rides off.

The now seriously wounded Arthur orders that he be taken to be cured in the Holy Island off Anglesey, (where Merlin now dwells with the thirteen treasures of Britain). However the physicians fail to cure him and he dies.

His body is taken to a chapel whose door is so narrow that the funeral bier cannot pass through and so is left outside the chapel for a few moments. An extraordinary storm with a cloaking mist mysteriously arises and the coffin is hidden from the attendants.

The body of Arthur vanishes

But the mist shows us that the Otherworld is coming close to the world of everyday, and during this period of storm and mist, Arthur's body vanishes.

The entire Company of the Round Table has been killed with the exception of Sir Bedivere, who carries the King to a lake on the borders of Avalon where Arthur first received Excalibur from the Lady of the Lake.

Arthur orders Bedivere to throw the sword into the lake in order to fulfill a prophecy written on the blade. Sir Bedivere resists twice, but on the third time obeys and is rewarded by the sight of an arm "clothed in white samite, mystic, wonderful" rising from the water to catch the sword.

The wounded Arthur is finally carried away on a magical ship with three queens and sails away to Avalon, with Sir Bedivere watching, as the new sun rises on a new year.

Illustration from The Boy's King Arthur:

Is Arthur in Avalon?

Where is Avalon?

The Isle of Apples, beloved by Celtic mythology, is a happy place where crops grow of their own accord, sheep and goats milk themselves, honey falls from the tree into pots, and everywhere grows the magical fruit of the Apple.

Was it Glastonbury?

By the 12th century Avalon became associated with Glastonbury, when monks at Glastonbury Abbey claimed to have discovered the bones of Arthur and his Queen. Though no longer an island at the time, the high conical bulk of Glastonbury Tor had been surrounded by marsh before the surrounding fenland was drained. Or was it Anglesey?

Was it Anglesey?

Historically, Anglesey has long been associated with the Druids. General Suetonius Paulinus, determined to break the power of the Druids, attacked the island in 60, destroying the shrine and the sacred groves. (News of Boudicca's Revolt reached him just after his victory, causing him to withdraw his army before consolidating the conquest.)

Is this where Arthur lies, not dead, but only sleeping?

The Keening Women

Wailing for Arthur

Perhaps Arthur did actually die and was carried away in order that he might return again. Some say he was taken away in a boat by women, three women or four, or possibly nine. All of them are keening and wailing in true Celtic fashion.

We have the names of four of these ministering women, all of them with direct mythological associations.

Morgan le Fay, enchantress, necromancer and the half-sister of Arthur,

The Queen of Northgalis, an associate involved in the magical imprisoning of the sleeping Lancelot,

The Queen of the Wastelands, Perceval's aunt, who gave up her great lands to become a solitary hermit and

Nimue, the Lady of the Lake (image by ravenscar)

More about the Women in Arthurian Legend

Women in the Tales of King Arthur
More women from the legend of Arthur, quiet in the background with their voices silenced. The portrayals of women in the legend tell us much more about the attitude of the storytellers than about the women themselves....

A different view of Mordred

Mordred, Bastard Son (Mordred Trilogy)
Mordred, Bastard Son (Mordred Trilogy)

Meet Mordred, as you've never seen him before.

 

Did Mordred kill Arthur?

There has to be a villain in every story and the Legend of Arthur is no exception. In this case, the evil character is Mordred.

Mordred is known as the traitorous leader of the rebellion which leads to Arthur's downfall and some medieval sources say that he is Arthur's son. It's also been said that it was Mordred who killed Arthur.

But who was Mordred?

Originally named Medraut, he is possibly an historical Welsh figure who diasgrees with Arthur and does battle with him at Camlann, with fatal results for both.

The highly imaginative Geoffrey of Monmouth cast Mordred in a villainous role and that's the part he still plays today. (Geoffrey has a lot to answer for).

Meet Mordred, as you've never seen him before in Mordred, Bastard Son

Another vision of the time and myth of Camelot. Douglas Clegg presents a compelling and beautifully written story.

Sleeping Hero Holger Danske
Sleeping Hero Holger Danske | Source

Sleeping Heroes

Usually a real historical figure

The Sleeping Hero is a prominent motif in folklore and mythology. You will find him across Europe, sleeping in a cave, or under a mountain, beneath an ancient castle, in a barrow burial mound - somewhere far from curious eyes.

The Sleeping Hero, accompanied by his armed retainers, is almost always a real historical figure, a man of some military consequence in the history of his nation.

Nobody ever knows the Sleeping Hero is there, at least not until some simple herdsman wanders into the cave, typically looking for a lost animal, and sees the hero.

All of these stories mention that the hero has grown a long beard, to make sure we understand that he has been sleeping beneath the mountain for a long time.

Who are the Sleeping Heroes?

  1. Holger Danske, the legendary Danish hero, dwells in the castle of Kronborg, his beard grown down to the floor, and sleeps there until some date when Denmark is in mortal danger, at which time he will rise up and deliver the nation.
  2. Fionn mac Cumhaill is not dead at all, rather, he sleeps in a cave below Dublin, to awake and defend Ireland in the hour of her greatest need.
  3. Csaba, son of Attila, and an army of invincible Hun warriors will return from the other world along the starry path of the Milky Way, when the Hungarians call out for help in desperation.
  4. Barbarossa sleeps with his knights under the Kyffhauser mountain in Thuringia and, when the ravens cease to fly around the mountain, he will awake and restore Germany to its ancient greatness.
  5. Bran the Blessed lies under the White Mount of London, facing towards France, the chief menace of invasion.

Three Hearts and Three Lions - Timeless Classic

A timeless classic of fantasy from Poul Anderson

Can Holger Carlsen, the soldier snatched across Time, be the legendary hero, the only man who can save the world?

It's more than 40 years since I first read Poul Anderson's classic and it's just as likeable now as it was then. Germanic legends of the Sleeping Hero revealed, a Carolingian world parallel with World War 11, a knightly epic complete with trolls.


While you're waiting for Arthur's return, you can leave a comment. All comments are very much appreciated and you don't have to be a hero, asleep or otherwise, to leave yours

© 2008 Susanna Duffy

Send a Wreath to Arthur

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      celestialelff 

      7 years ago

      wonderful post, thought you might like my King Arthur's Summer Solstice at Stonehenge machinima film (which features the returned King Arthur reading his own poems for this film) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-wuNE5M01ME Bright Blessings, elf ~

    • jennabee25 profile image

      Jenn Dixon 

      7 years ago from PA

      Very interesting!

    • profile image

      tdove 

      9 years ago

      Thanks for joining G Rated Lense Factory!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)