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Terminology of Disaster Managent
Terminology of Disaster Management
Disaster : Disaster An event, either man-made or natural, sudden or progressive; the impact of which is such that the affected community must respond through exceptional measures.
Acceptable Risk: Degree of human or material loss that is perceived acceptable is termed as Acceptable Risk.
Comprehensive Approach: A disaster management approach to embrace
the aspects of prevention, preparedness, response and recovery.
Disaster Risk Management: A development approach to reduce risks, thereby reducing the occurrence and magnitude of disasters.
Hazard: In Disaster Management, a potential or existing condition that may cause harm to people or damage to property or the environment.
Hazard Analysis: The overall planning process/procedures which identifies and describes hazards and their effects on the community.
Mitigation: The Measures both structural and non-structural are taken to reduce the impact of disasters.
Preparedness: Arrangements of all those resources and services which are needed to cope with the effects before occurring a disaster.
Risk Reduction: Selective applications or appropriate techniques to reduce either the likelihood of an occurrence or its consequences, or both.
Response: Actions taken during and immediately after a disaster to ensure that its effects are minimized and that people affected are given immediate relief and support.