How many valence electrons does gold have?

  1. melbel profile image94
    melbelposted 16 months ago

    How many valence electrons does gold have?

  2. jshe4941 profile image89
    jshe4941posted 16 months ago

    Gold (Au) is a d-block element and has 1 valence electron (sometimes 3 or even 11 depending on how "valence electron is defined.)

    Unlike s-block and p-block elements, you can't assume the number of valence electrons of d-block elements by counting from left to right. If you follow the periodic table from left to right, gold would have 11 valence electrons.

    However Gold most often has chemical reactions with 1 or 3 valence electrons. Reactions with three valence electrons would be marked as gold(III.) If the formula doesn't connote the usage of gold(III), then gold with one valence electron could be considered.

  3. john000 profile image97
    john000posted 16 months ago

    You asked about GOLD. It has one valence electron.

 
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