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World History

Updated on October 13, 2015

General Knowledge of the world

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World largest and Smallest


List of Commemorative Days

January 9 – Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (Non-resident Indian Day)
January 12 – National Youth Day (India)
January 15 – Indian Army Day
January 25 – National Voters’ Day (India)
January 26 – Republic Day (India)
January 27- International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust
January 30 – Martyr’s Day (Mahatma Gandhi’s Martyrdom Day)
January 31 – International Street Children’s Day

February 4 – World Cancer Day
February 6 – International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation
February 21 – International Mother Language Day
February 28 – National Science Day (India)

March 8 – International Women’s Day
March 15 – World Consumer Rights Day
March 20 – World Sparrow Day
March 21 – International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
March 21 – International Day of Forests
March 21 – World Down Syndrome Day
March 21 – World Poetry Day
March 21 – World Wood Day
March 22 – World Water Day
March 24 – World Tuberculosis Day

April 2 – World Autism Awareness Day
April 7 – World Health Day
April 8 – International Romani Day
April 11 – International Louie Louie Day
April 17 – World Hemophilia Day –
April 22 – Earth Day
April 23 – World Book Day
April 25 – World Malaria Day
April 26 – World Intellectual Property Day
April 29 – International Dance Day
April 30 – International Jazz Day

May 1- International Workers’ Day
May 3 – World Press Freedom Day
May 5 – International Midwives’ Day
May 6 – International No Diet Day
May 12 – International Nurses Day
May 15 – International Day of Families
May 17 – International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia
May 17 – World Information Society Day
May 22 – International Day for Biological Diversity
May 23 – World Turtle Day
May 24 – Commonwealth Day
May 25 – International Missing Children’s Day
May 31 – World No Tobacco Day

June 5 – World Environment Day
June 8 – World Oceans Day
June 14 – World Blood Donor Day
June 20 – World Refugee Day
June 21 – World Music Day
June 21 – World Hydrography Day
June 21 – International Yoga Day
June 23 – International Olympic Day
June 26 – International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

July 2 – World UFO Day
July 11 – World Population Day
July 12 – Malala Day
July 17 – World Day for International Justice
July 18 – Mandela Day
July 26 – Kargil Vijay Diwas
July 29 – International Tiger Day

August 7 – National Handloom Day
August 12 – International Youth Day
August 15 – Indian Independence Day
August 19 – World Photography Day
August 20 – World Mosquito Day
August 20 – Indian Akshay Urja Day
August 26 – Women’s Equality Day
August 29 – National Sports Day

September 5 – International Day of Charity
September 5 – Teachers’ Day (India)
September 8 – World Literacy Day
September 10 – World Suicide Prevention Day
September 15 – Engineer’s Day (India)
September 15 – International Day of Democracy
September 16 – International Day of the preservation of ozone layer
September 19 – International Talk Like a Pirate Day
September 21 – International Day of Peace
September 24 – World Heart Day
September 27 – World Tourism Day
September 28 – World Rabies Day
September 29 – International Coffee Day
September 29 – World Heart Day

October 2 – World Vegetarian Day
October 2 – Gandhi Jayanthi
October 2 – International Day of Non-Violence
October 4 – World Animal Day
October 8 – Indian Air Force Day
October 9 – World Post Day
October 10 – World Mental Health Day
October 14 – World Standards Day
October 15 – Global Handwashing Day
October 16 – World Food Day
October 17 – International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
October 24 – United Nations Day

November 1 – World Vegan Day
November 12 – World Pneumonia Day
November 14 – World Diabetes Day
November 17 – World Prematurity Day
November 19 – International Men’s Day
November 20 – Universal Children’s Day
November 21 – World Television Day
November 25 – International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
November 14 – Children’s Day (some countries)

December 1 – World AIDS Day
December 3 – United Nations’ International Day of Persons with Disabilities
December 5 – International Volunteer Day
December 7 – International Civil Aviation Day
December 10 – Human Rights Day


Largest Airport – King Khalid International Airport (South Arabia)
Highest Airport – Lhasa Air­port, Tibet
Tallest Animal – Giraffe
Largest Animal – Blue Bottom whale
Largest Bay – Hudson Bay, Canada,
Fastest Bird – Swift
Largest Bird – Ostrich
Smallest Bird – Humming bird
Longest Bridge – the Akashi Kaikyo bridge in Japan takes the title, with a main span of 1,991 meters (or 6,532 feet)
Tallest Building – Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan,2004,101 stories,509m,1,670ft
Longest Canal – Baltic sea White Canal
Largest Cathedral – Cathedral Church of New York
Largest Cemetry – Leningrad, Russia
Largest Church – Belisca of St. Peter in the Vatican City, Rome.
Largest Continent – Asia
Smallest Continent – Australia
Largest Country – Russia
Smallest Country – Vatican City
Biggest Cinema House – Roxy, New York
Highest City – Wen Chuan, China
Highest Population – Mexico
Longest Day – June 21
Shortest Day – December 22
Largest Delta – Sunderbans
Largest Desert – Sahara, Africa
Biggest Dome – Gol Gumbaz (Bijapur), India
Largest Dams – Grand Coulee Dam, USA
Tallest Fountain – Fountain Hills, Arizona
Largest Gulf – Gulf of Mexico
Largest Hotel – Hotel Rossaiya, Moscow
Largest Island – Greenland
Largest Lake – Caspian Sea, CIS Iran
Deepest Lake – Baikal (Siberia)
Highest Lake – Titicaca (Bolivia)
Biggest Library – National Kiev Library, Moscow and Library of the Congress, Washington
Largest Mosque – Jama Masjid, Delhi (India)
Highest Mountain Peak Mount Everest (Nepal)
Highest Mountain Range Himalayas
Longest Mountain – Andes (South America)
Biggest Museum – British Museum (London)
Largest Minaret Sultan Has-san Mosque (Egypt)
Tallest Minaret – Qutub Minar, Delhi (India)
Biggest Oceans – Pacific Ocean
Deepest Oceans – Pacific Ocean
Biggest Palace – Vatican (Rome)
Largest Palace – Imperial Palace (China)
Biggest Park – Yellow Stone Na­tional Park
Largest Park – Wood Buffalo National Park (Canada)
Largest Peninsula – Arabia
Highest Plateau – Pamir (Tibet)
Longest Platform – Kharagpur, W. Bengal (India)
Largest Platform – Grand Central Terminal, (Ely. Sta­tion)New York (USA)
Biggest Planet – Jupiter
Smallest Planet – Murcury
Brightest Planet Venus
Coldest Planet Pluto
Nearest (To the Sun) – Mercury
Farthest (from the Sun) – Pluto
Longest River – Nile, Africa
Longest River Dam – Hirakud Dam, India
Largest Sea – South China Sea
Largest Stadium – Starhove Stadium, Prague (Czech Republic)
Brightest Star – Sirius A
Tallest Statue – Motherland (Russia)
Largest Sea-bird – Albatross
Biggest Telescope – Mt. Palomar (USA)
Longest Train Flying Scotsman
Largest Temple – Angkorwat in Kampuchea
Oldest Theatre – Teatro Ohm­pico (Itlay)
Tallest Tower – C. N. Tower, Toronto (Canada)
Longest Wall – Great Wall of China
Highest Waterfall – Angel (Venezuela)
Widest Waterfall – Khone Falls (Laos)
Lowest Water Level – Dead Sea
Longest Epic – Mahabharata
Hottest Place – Al-Azizia (Libya)
Rainiest Place – Mosinram, near Cherapunji (India)
Highest Road – Leh-Nobra, Ladakh division India.
Highest Village – Andean (Chile)
Highest Volcano – Ojos del Salado, (Argentina) Chile
Largest Volcano – Manuna Lea (Hawai)
Lightest Gas – Hydrogen
Fastest Animal – Cheetah
Biggest Flower – Rafflesia (Java)
Longest Corridor – Rameshwaram Temple (India)
Largest Democracy – India
Fastest Dog – Persian greyhound
Lightest Metal – Lithium

Heads of Important Offices (World) 2015: (As on July 11, 2015)

Ban Ki-moon : Secretary-General, United Nations Organisation.
Jan Eliasson : Deputy Secretary-General, UN.
Dr. Jim Yong Kim : President, World Bank.
Christine Lagarde : Managing Director, International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Ms. Irina Bokova : Director-General-UNESCO.
Dr. Margaret Chan : Director-General, WHO.
Jose Graziano da Silva : Director-General, Food and Agricultural Organisation.
Guy Ryder : Director-General, International Labour Organisation.
Anthony Lake : Executive Director, United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
Antonio Guterres : Head, UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Ms. Helen Clark : Administrator, United Nations Development Programme.
Mr. Mukhisa Kituyi : Secretary-General, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Jose Angel Gurria : Secretary-General, Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Ronny Abraham : President, International Court of Justice.
Takehiko Nakao : President, Asian Development Bank.
Donald Kaberuka : President, African Development Bank.
Thomas Bach : President, International Olympic Committee.
Kamalesh Sharma : Secretary-General, Commonwealth.
Robert Mugabe : Chairman, African Union Assembly.
Ms. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma : Chairperson, African Union Commission.
Roberto Azevedo : Director-General, WTO.
Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein : High Commissioner, UN High Commission for Human Rights.
Donald Tusk : President, European Union
N. Srinivasan : Chairman, International Cricket Council.
Jean-Claude Juncker : President, European Commission.
Li Yong : Director-General, UNIDO.
Abdul Latif bin Rashid Al-Zayani : Secretary-General, Gulf Co-operation Council.
Iyad bin Amin Madani : Secretary-General, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.
Abdallah el-Badri : Secretary-General, Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Luis Almagro : Secretary-General, Organisation of American States.
Hifikepunye Pohamba : President, South-West African People’s Organisation (SWAPO).
Mr. Yukiya Amano : Director-General, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Jens Stoltenberg : Secretary-General, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
Sir Alan Haselhurst : Chairman, Commonwealth Parliamentary Association.
Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin : Executive Director, UNFPA.
Le Luong Minh : Secretary-General, ASEAN.
Arjun Bahadur : Secretary-General, SAARC
Lamine Diack : President, International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF).
Dr. Ellen Stofan : Chief of NASA (USA).
Salil Shetty : Secretary-General, Amnesty International.
Lt.-Gen.Chikadibia Obiakor : Military Adviser to UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations.
Hassan Rouhani : Secretary-General, Non-Aligned Movement.
Asha Kanwar : President and CEO, Commonwealth of Learning.
Mireille Ballestrazzi : President, INTERPOL


1. » American President – White House
2. » Brazil President – Palacio da Alvorada
3. » Britain Prime Minister – 10, Downing
4. » Canada Prime Minister – 24 Sussex Drive
5. » French President – Elysee Palace
6. » Germany President – Bellevue Palace
7. » Indian President – Rashtrapathi Bhavan
8. » Indian Prime Minister – No. 7, Race Course Road
9. » India Governor’s – Raj Bhavan.
10. » King & Queen of Britain –
Buckingham Palace .
11. » Congo President – The Palais de Marbre (Marble Palace)
12. » Nepal King – Narayanhity Palace
13. » Pakistan President – Ivane Sadan
14. » Pope – Vatican Palace
15. » Russia President – Kremlin
16. » Spain King – Royal Palace
17. » South Korean President – Blue House.
18. » Sri lankan President – Temple Trees.

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylong
  • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
  • The Statue of Zeus of Olympia
  • The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
  • The Colossus of Rhodes
  • The Pharos of Alexandria

The Seven Natual Wonders of World

  • Mount Everest
  • The Great Barrier Reef
  • The Grand Canyon
  • Victoria Falls
  • The Harbor of Rio de Janeiro
  • Paricutin Volcano
  • The Northern Lights
Important Lines and Boundaries

Durand Line is the line demarcating the boundaries of Pakistan and Afghanistan. It was drawn up in 1896 by Sir Mortimer Durand.

Hindenburg Line is the boundary dividing Germany and Poland. The Germans retreated to this line in 1917 during World War I

Mason-Dixon Line is a line of demarcation between four states in the United State.

Marginal Line was the 320 km line of fortification on the Russia-Finland border. Drawn up by General Mannerheim.

Macmahon Line was drawn up by Sir Henry MacMahon, demarcating the frontier of India and China. China did not recognize the MacMahon line and crossed it in 1962.

Medicine Line is the border between Canada and the United States.

Order-Neisse Line is the border between Poland and Germany, running along the Order and Neisse rivers, adopted at the Poland Conference (Aug 1945) after World War II.

Radcliffe Line was drawn up by Sir Cyril Radcliffe, demarcating the boudary between India and Pakistan. Siegfried Line is the line of fortification drawn up by Germany on its border with France.

17th Parallel defined the boundary between North Vietnam and South Vietnam before two were united.

24th Parallel is the line which Pakistan claims for demarcation between India and Pakistan. This, however, is not recognized by India

26th Parallel south is a circle of latitude which crosses through Africa, Australia and South America.

30th Parallel north is a line of latitude that stands one-third of the way between the equator and the North Pole.

33rd Parallel north is a circle of latitude which cuts through the southern United States, parts of North Africa, parts of the Middle East, and China.

35th Parallel north forms the boundary between the State of North Carolina and the State of Georgia and the boundary between the State of Tennessee arid the State of Georgia, the State of Albama, and the State of Mississippi.

36th Parallel forms the southermost boundary of the State of Missouri with the State of Arkansas.

36o30' Parallel north forms the boundary between the Tenessee and the Commonwealth of Kentucky between the Tennessee River and the Mississippi River, the boundary between Missouri and Arkansas west of the White River, and the northermost boundary between the Texas and the Oklahoma.

37th Parallel north formed the southern boundary of the historic and extralegal Territory of Jefferson.

38th Parallel is the parallel of latitude which separates North Korea and South Korea.

39th Parallel north is an imaginary circle of latitude that is 39 degrees north of Earth's equatorial plane.

40th Parallel north formed the original northern boundary of the British Colony of Maryland.

41st Parallel north forms the northern boundary of the State of Colorado with Nebraska and Wyoming and the southern boundary of the State of Wyoming with Colorado and Utah.

42nd Parallel north forms most of the New York - Pennsylvania Border.

43rd Parallel north forms most of the boundary between the State of Nebraska and the State of South Dakota and also formed the northern border of the historic and extralegal Territory of Jefferson.

The Parallel 44o north is an imaginary circle of latitude that is 44 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.

45th Parallel north is often the halfway point between the Equator and the North Pole. The 45th parallel makes up most of the boundary between Montana and Wyoming.

49th Parallel is the boundary between USA and Canada.


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