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The Killer Flu of 1918

Updated on April 29, 2011

What is the influenza pandemic of 1918?

There are many tragedies in the history of mankind, but one that should never be forgotten is the Flu of 1918. The Flu of 1918 lasted from June of 1917 to December of 1920. It had deadly effects worldwide, killing at least 3% of the world's population.

Compared to the death toll of the flu, World War I seems like nothing. Approximately 8,000,000 people were killed in World War I, while between 50,000,000 and 100,000,000 were killed by the flu! The amount of people killed by the flu is huge compared to the amount of people killed in the war.

Surprisingly, many people have never heard of the Flu of 1918, even though it is one of the deadliest pandemics ever.

US Camp Hospital Influenza Ward
US Camp Hospital Influenza Ward

Why is the Flu of 1918 commonly called the Spanish Flu?

Have you ever wondered why the Flu of 1918 is commonly called the Spanish Flu? It isn't because it started in Spain, or because Spain was hit the hardest. The Spanish king, Alfonso XIII, grew ill with the flu, and had a lot of news coverage on his condition. Spain didn't censor the news, because it wasn't active in the war. The coverage of the King's illness gave the impression that Spain was hit the hardest, which is untrue. This led to the Flu of 1918 being called The Spanish Flu.

Police with masks on
Police with masks on

How Did it All Start?

no one really knows

No one is exactly sure how the pandemic started. Historian Alfred W. Crosby believes that the flu originated in Kansas, while others believe that it originated in the Far East, and also in Europe.

A fellow lensmaster, Widemouth left a comment on this lens with his theory on how the flu started. Here is a part of the comment: "I honestly wonder if they were testing early forms of biological weapons on the soldiers. I don't buy the burning manure story one bit. "

Do you agree with this theory? If it is true, the biological weapons sure worked well!

Some say that it started when soldiers in Kansas burned manure. It is thought that a dust storm swept through the state, carrying bits of the manure with it, and infected the population with some kind of unknown virus that would hit the world at full speed, killing vast numbers of people. Illness was first observed in the US at an army camp in Fort Riley, Kansas. One of the men reported that he was feeling ill, and was sent to the army hospital. It didn't seem strange until a minute later, when many other men reported in sick. It was beginning to get frightening when the men began to die off only a few hours after being accepted into the hospital. What could this fast acting and unknown illness be?

Not knowing what else to say, the men were listed dead by pneumonia. A week or two later, the illness disappeared as quickly as it came. Everyone felt safe, thinking that everything was back to normal. Little did they know what disaster was coming next.

This is a jump rope chant that children used to repeat during the pandemic.

I had a little bird,

His name was Enza,

I opened up the window,

And in-flu-Enza.

A hospital with many sick people.
A hospital with many sick people.

How was the flu spread?

assuming the manure story is true

More men joined the army, and a few of them came from Kansas, where the manure had been burned. They brought the mysterious flu with them, spreading it to the other soldiers. As they fought in Europe, the soldiers passed on the flu to the French, English, and German. Now a worldwide illness, the flu was killing people everywhere. What made it different from other flu pandemics is that it killed the young and strong, not the old and sick. It also seemed impossible to cure.

More and more people began catching it, spreading it to others just by breathing near them. The flu was so quick to claim its victims, you could wake up in the morning as a healthy person, and be dead by nightfall.

People were going to parades for the war effort, and almost everyone who attended the gatherings got sick immediately. In an effort to prevent the flu from spreading, everyone was required to wear masks. One man was shot just because he refused to wear one. But the masks were to no avail, and people kept getting sick. What were the people going to do?

Did you know about the Spanish Flu Pandemic before finding this lens?

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The influenza virus
The influenza virus

Trying to Find a Cure

The press tried to ignore the amount of people that were killed by the flu, but they couldn't. The amount of dead was so numerous; no one could ignore it. It seems hard to imagine running out of coffins and places to put them, but that is exactly what happened. Coffins piled up on the streets, and were left in front of people's homes. It seemed as if everyone would be killed by the flu before long, if a cure wasn't found.

Doctors were hard at work trying to discover a vaccine. No matter how hard they looked, they couldn't even find out what caused the illness.

Scientists closely inspected the germs, but couldn't find anything abnormal. Then they had a breakthrough, and discovered a bacteria that they believed caused the flu. The doctors quickly came out with a vaccine against the bacteria. Everyone hoped that the pain and suffering would finally end... but the vaccine didn't help. If the bacteria wasn't what was causing the flu, then what was?

It turns out it wasn't the bacteria that was causing the flu at all, but a virus. The virus caused liquid to fill up in the victim's lungs, and the person drowned in their own fluids. Back then microscopes weren't high power enough to see things as small as a virus, so the scientists and doctors were never going to find it!

Find out even more about the Spanish Flu! - some great books on Amazon

A Poster
A Poster

The War vs. Flu

The President Must Make a Choice

President Woodrow Wilson was faced with a decision. The army needed more men to fight World War I. He knew that if he drafted men, they would almost surely catch the flu on the cramped troop ships that brought the soldiers overseas.

I wonder how he felt having the responsibility of so many lives in his hands. It must have been very difficult to make a final choice. Despite the horrific consequences, Woodrow Wilson decided to send men overseas to fight the war.

The President's Decision

Do you think that Woodrow Wilson was right in supplying men for the war effort?

Masked Typist
Masked Typist

Trying to Save Themselves

people resorted to home remedies

While doctors urgently tried to discover a vaccine for the flu, people decided to resort to old folk remedies. Some of the remedies seem disgusting, but people do drastic things when they are desperate. Some ate sugar cubes dipped in turpentine and kerosene, others mixed up their own medicines. It was all futile, because nothing seemed to work on this elusive killer.

Do you think you would have used these homemade treatments?

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American Experience: Influenza 1918 - a wonderful documentary

American Experience - Influenza 1918
American Experience - Influenza 1918

This is one of the best documentaries I have ever seen. It is very educational, and is full of great information on the Flu of 1918. There are some wonderful interviews with people who witnessed the suffering first hand, and lived to tell about it. I highly recommend watching this documentary.


At Last, It's Over

By December of 1918, the worst of the flu was over. People began to build up immunities to the Spanish Flu. It ran out of steam, and slowly but steadily went away. The war had been over for a little while, and now the nation was trying to get back to normal. It was time to forget the devastating effects of this terrible influenza pandemic.

An estimated 675,000 people in the U.S. died during the Flu of 1918, ten times as many as World War I had claimed. World wide, the death rate was between 50 and 100 million. That is at least 3% of the world's population. It may sound like a small number, but if you put that in today's standards, it would be 203,257,072 people that died! At least 25% of the world's population was infected with the virus.

I wonder why so many people today are unaware of the devastating effects of the Flu of 1918. How would such a terrible pandemic just slip away into history? Maybe the survivors of the flu just wanted to forget about it, forget about all the pain and suffering that they endured. If that's it, then they did a good job. Still, we should remember this calamity that fell over the world, as it is an important part of our history.

Influenza nurse getting water.
Influenza nurse getting water.

Real Life Stories Told By Victims of the Flu

these and more can be found in the documentary: Influenza 1918

A boy and a couple of his friends went out to play one day on cedar boxes that were sitting on the sidewalk. They played on them the whole day, jumped off of them, climbed on them, and had a good time. When he told his mother what he was doing, she told him not to play on the boxes. There were people in the boxes... dead people. Just a few days later, both the boy and his friends fell sick with the flu.A girl's mother got sick with flu, and she wasn't allowed to go into her mother's bed like usual. She missed it so much that she was allowed to sleep in her own little bed in her mother's bedroom. But her mother didn't want her daughter to be unhappy, and let her into the bed. The girl herself became ill, and was glad about it, as she got to be sick with her mother, at least until the illness got very bad. Another girl's doctor told her mother not to feed her, because it was just wasting food. He said that she would die anyway. Apparently her mother didn't take the doctor's advice, as the girl recovered.

All of these stories were told by real people who had the flu, and survived to tell their story.

This lens was awarded a Purple Star!

thank you so much!

On April 1, 2011, this lens was awarded a purple star. When you land on a purple star lens, there will be a little purple star by the lens title. If you click on it, this is what it will say: "Lucky you! You've landed on a certified purple star lens. This page was handpicked by Squidoo's editors as one of the most remarkable pages on the entire site. So if you like it, "remark" on it: blog it, share it with a friend, and know you're spreading the word about something really exceptional on the web."

I am so honored to have this lens chosen as one of the best on Squidoo.

What are your thoughts on this devastating flu pandemic? Please share them!

Why don't you leave a comment? - I'd love to hear what you have to say!

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    • Fran Tollett profile image

      Fran Tollett 4 years ago

      It's hard to believe more people don't know about this horrible pandemic. I would tend to agree with early biological weaponry....if we only knew what the government is up to.

    • siobhanryan profile image

      siobhanryan 5 years ago

      Brillant lens-This is the first time I heard of the Spanish Flu.

    • Elyn MacInnis profile image

      Elyn MacInnis 5 years ago from Shanghai, China

      You are such a good writer. I read the whole thing - now that is a good lens! I liked your stories at the end of people who remembered that time.

    • waldenthreenet profile image

      waldenthreenet 6 years ago

      Valuable topic. Have to look deeper into the topic to compare and know if such a virus possible today also, may be a cousin of this one from 1918 ? Congrads on reaching Squidoo Level 56. Thanks.

    • profile image

      fullofshoes 6 years ago

      This is an excellent lens. Interesting and informative.

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 6 years ago from Canada

      I can see why this lens earned a purple star - it is amazing. Have a wonderful week.

    • catbehaviors profile image

      catbehaviors 6 years ago

      @lovelylashes: Thank you for the blessing and nomination! xD

    • lovelylashes profile image

      lovelylashes 6 years ago

      This has been my favorite lens of all time for a while now and I've stopped back to sprinkle some angel dust on your lens. It's out of my neighborhood but to good not to bless. I'm also going to nominate it for LOTD. :)

    • JanezKranjski profile image

      JanezKranjski 6 years ago

      I had no idea that reading about flu could be so interesting. BTW, I gave my 900 squidlike to this lens :).

    • wondersmoke lm profile image

      wondersmoke lm 6 years ago

      Awesome lens, crazy how a simple virus can take out so many people! Everybody join squidoo chat room for seo help!

    • joanhall profile image

      Joan Hall 6 years ago from Los Angeles

      Great lens! You just became my family's homeschooling activity for the morning. I read them this lens as a history lesson.

    • thesuccess2 profile image

      thesuccess2 6 years ago

      What they couldn't figure was how it killed young fit people so quickly! Angel Blessing

    • RMKK-Marlene profile image

      RMKK-Marlene 6 years ago

      Congratulations on the purple star for this informative and unique lens. Well done!

    • nebby profile image

      nebby 6 years ago from USA

      I learned a lot more about this flu today thanks to your lens. Congrats on the purple star!

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      Good to highlight this event. I understood it better. Well deserved purple.

    • catbehaviors profile image

      catbehaviors 6 years ago

      @rgasperson lm: Yes... it's time for a second! :P

    • rgasperson lm profile image

      Robert T Gasperson 6 years ago from South Carolina

      Purple Stars Feel so good. Glad you got one today. Now to shoot for that second one.

    • ToTheBrimm LM profile image

      ToTheBrimm LM 6 years ago

      Congrats for receiving your Purple Star.

    • KimGiancaterino profile image

      KimGiancaterino 6 years ago

      Thanks for a well-researched and thought provoking lens.

    • OutdoorLily profile image

      OutdoorLily 6 years ago

      Really scary stuff but thanks for sharing! History needs to be remembered as those that forget are doomed to repeat it. Great lens!

    • tvyps profile image

      Teri Villars 6 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Very cool historical health-related lens! As a side note, this was during WWI when we were losing many of our loved ones overseas in the trenches! I lensrolled this to my "What is Radiation", "Swine Flu Map" and "Scary Video" lenses. Thanks for sharing!

    • catbehaviors profile image

      catbehaviors 6 years ago

      @MrWidemouth: Interesting theory! I'm making some big changes soon, so will have some more info in a few days. Thank you for stopping by my lens, Widemouth!

    • MrWidemouth profile image

      MrWidemouth 6 years ago

      I honestly wonder if they were testing early forms of biological weapons on the soldiers. I don't buy the burning manure story one bit. I certainly wouldn't agree that this is a good reminder for vaccines since they too are a biological heavy metal (mercury, aluminum) attack on an infants immune system. Thanks for the interesting lens.

    • lovelylashes profile image

      lovelylashes 6 years ago

      This lens is one of my very favorites on all Squidoo. Too many lenses have no real purpose besides advertisements or socialization.

      Your lens actually teaches readers about a critical point in history that is far too often forgotten. Also this lens is eloquently written and beautifully laid out. Great work. Thank you for making Squidoo a better site, catbehaviors!

    • profile image

      SandyPeaks 7 years ago

      My Grandparents used to talk about this, they were teenagers at this time. We were always told it actually originated in France.

    • asiliveandbreathe profile image

      asiliveandbreathe 7 years ago

      This story is a timely reminder for us to have an annual flu vaccination, especially if we are in a vulnerable group. We are so lucky that we have the option of this treatment which sadly was not available to the population in 1918.

    • David Stone1 profile image

      David Stone 7 years ago from New York City

      The stunning thing about that flu was that it killed the young and healthy while sparing the old and infants, the age groups that usually suffer most from influenza. The reason was that the virus produced a extreme reaction in their immune systems. People were dying from their immune response. The healthier your immune system, the more like were to die drowning in your own fluids.

    • javr profile image

      javr 7 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      There were a lot of tragic stories during this flu. This lens has been blessed by a Squid Angel.

    • Zephz profile image

      Zephz 7 years ago

      My grandfather actually survived the flu epidemic in 1918. So yeah, i've heard a bit about it before reading this. They had a few neighbors whose lives were claimed by the Spanish flu.

    • Tr0y profile image

      Tr0y 7 years ago

      I've never heard of this story before but thanks to you, I do now. Great writing.

    • Geekgurl profile image

      Kimberly Hiller 7 years ago from Chicago

      Wow...this is crazy. I have never heard of this before. Awesome lens.

    • Virginia Allain profile image

      Virginia Allain 7 years ago from Central Florida

      I have several lenses relating to 1918 (the year my sister's house was made) and I'll lensroll this to those.

    • GonnaFly profile image

      Jeanette 7 years ago from Australia

      I had heard some vague things about this flu, so thanks for adding to my education.

    • profile image

      poutine 7 years ago

      I remember my grandma mentioning this when I was a kid but

      I didn't know much about it.

      Now, thanks to this excellent lens I know a lot about this terrible


    • mythphile profile image

      Ellen Brundige 7 years ago from California

      The 1918 flu has always fascinated me, since I have a couple microbiologists in the family. Yet there is always more to learn. Somehow I had not run across the theory that burning manure was the cause. I know that ultimately, this virus came from mutations as it bounced between birds, pigs, and humans, but I wasn't aware that it could've gotten into manure, too!

      Most of us carry the legacy of this flu in our own bodies, since it's continued to mutate and contribute to some flu strains around today. We have antibodies for its great-grandchildren.

      And I lost my great-grandparents on one side to this flu. My grandfather was raised by his grandmother, because he and she were the only two survivors in his extended family of the 1918 epidemic.

      When I was in school, the story of this huge pandemic wasn't taught. It's finally becoming better known now. Thanks for spreading the word...and not the virus!

    • catbehaviors profile image

      catbehaviors 7 years ago

      @junecampbell: Thank you! I was fun writing it, too. :)

    • junecampbell profile image

      June Campbell 7 years ago from North Vancouver, BC, Canada

      The flu has certainly been a major threat to humanity over the years. Thanks for this written historical lens,

    • Twmarsh profile image

      Twmarsh 7 years ago

      I really like historical lenses such as this one. I didn't realize that this flu killed so many people. Nicely covered!

    • RMKK-Marlene profile image

      RMKK-Marlene 7 years ago

      Thanks for this informative lens. That jump rope song is creepy. What many people don't know is that some nursery rhymes are often talking about something tragic.

    • lovelylashes profile image

      lovelylashes 7 years ago

      Wow I adore this lens. Can you imagine what it would be like living in a world like that? Not to sound morbid, but I could spend hours researching horrible plagues. They're darkly thrilling.