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European Robin - Popular Garden Bird

Updated on February 16, 2019
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Cynthia is an author who has written a series of science fantasy books. She also writes short stories and is busy writing two more novels

Robin - erithacus rubecula
Robin - erithacus rubecula | Source

Why Do We Love Robins?

Even if you think that you don’t know anything about garden birds, I bet that you would be able to recognise and name a robin if you saw one. They are very distinctive little birds, with their brown feathers, bright, beady eyes and deep red breasts.

They are one of our most loved garden birds, as they seem to be happy to be around people, keeping gardener’s company while they work hoping that a juicy worm or two will be unearthed while they are digging and, if you feed them the birds in your garden, often noisily demanding food.

Where I used to live, I used to feed the birds regularly, and if I missed the usual time, the robin would come and sit on the windowsill, fluff out all his feathers indignantly and scold until the required nuts and crumbs were provided.

We also tend think about them being associated with the Christmas season and cold snowy weather, and there are many robins on Christmas illustrations, Christmas ornaments and Christmas cards that you can get to decorate your home for the Festive Season.

Robin's Nest
Robin's Nest | Source

What Are Robins?

So what do we know about these cheerful little birds with the bright red breasts that we see hopping and flying around our gardens?Well they are also known by the Latin name of erithacus rubecula and also as the European robin, and both the male and female look very similar, with the same body shape and bright scarlet breast feathers.

The youngsters do look a little different, as they are missing the distinctive red breast feathers and have golden brown spots instead.They pair up for the breeding season, and will usually start mating around March, or earlier if the weather has been particularly mild.

They build their nests close to the ground, and hide them away in any hidden spot or cranny that they can find.Robins have even been known to nest in such unusual places as under car bonnets or in buckets and kettles that have been left out in a garden or allotment.

The nest is built by the female and she carefully constructs it from dead leaves, moss and plant material and lines it with hair. During this important time, the male is doing his bit by providing his mate with food, which helps her to maintain enough weight to lay a clutch of between four to six eggs, laying one egg a day in the early morning.

Try not to disturb the robins while they are nest building and incubating, as they can be scared off and will abandon their nest if they feel it is vulnerable. The eggs have a white, creamy background speckled with reddish brown spots, which take around a fortnight to incubate. Incubating the eggs is wholly the responsibility of the female; the cock robin rides shotgun by flying around their territory repelling invaders and scaring off predators, and finding food for his mate.

The chicks are fledged in a couple of weeks and generally stay with the parent birds being cared for, usually by the male robin, for around another three weeks until they fly the nest for good. They generally raise two broods of chicks in a breeding season, but if the conditions are good they can produce three and even four broods is not unheard of.

Here in the UK, robins stay in our gardens all the year round and do not migrate. They are territorial little birds, who will vigorously defend their nests and their patch of the garden against invasion from other robins.

However, they don’t seem to be as concerned by the other garden birds, and because they have a very strong parenting instinct, have even been known to feed the chicks of other birds such as blackbirds, willow warblers and thrushes. As well as in gardens, robins can be seen in woodland, parks and hedgerows all around the UK, and their favoured foods are worms, insects, seeds, nuts and fruit.

Robin Myths and Legends

As they are such popular birds, they inevitably have some old wives tales and legends surrounding them. Some of these legends are about how the robins attained their distinctive red breasts. One of the stories is that to help mankind, a robin flew down from the heavens carrying a glowing ember to give people the light and warmth of fire. During the flight it burned his breast feathers, and so ever after every robin has been a redbreast.

There are also several Christian traditions regarding how they got their red chest feathers.One is that a robin was so distressed by Jesus’ suffering during the crucifixion that the little bird attempted to pull out the thorns that were piercing Jesus’ head.While it was trying to pull out the thorns, a few drops of the holy blood splashed on to its breast feathers, and dyed them scarlet, and so every robin since has been gifted with a bright red breast.

Another myth is that a robin visited the baby Jesus in his manger, but found that the stable was very cold as the fire was going out.To help keep the holy infant warm the robin fanned the dying flames of the fire until it was burning hotly and brightly again.

Unfortunately during the fanning, it scorched its breast feathers red which caused all future robins to have red breasts. Killing a robin is thought to bring very bad luck, and if you smash the eggs or destroy their nest, then expect one of your treasured possessions to be broken very soon.

if you have a special wish that you want granted, then make that wish on the first robin that see in the springtime, and if you are looking for a husband then seeing a robin on St Valentine’s Day means that you will soon wed a sailor.

Predicting a death seems to be a very popular feature of old wives tales, and it is said that if one flies through your window or is seen tapping on the glass, that a death will shortly follow. Traditionally they have also been regarded as messengers from the spirit world, as departed loved ones send these cheery little birds to their grieving loved ones to bring them comfort.

Robins on Christmas Cards

Christmas has been a time for exchanging greetings and sending messages to family members and loved ones for centuries. But it was not until Victorian times that it became popular to send Christmas cards.Manufacturing of paper and card had become cheaper with the Industrial Revolution, so that it was possible to produce affordable Christmas cards, and in the UK the introduction in 1840 of the penny post, made it possible for many more people to be able to send Christmas cards around the country.

It is thought that the first mass-produced Christmas card came about in 1843 when a wealthy businessman called Henry Cole commissioned an artist to paint a festive picture for him, which he then sent to a printer where he had a thousand copies printed to distribute to his family, friends and business associates as his Christmas greeting.

By the late nineteenth century, printing in colour had become much cheaper and an unsealed letter could be sent for a halfpenny, so the custom of sending Christmas cards became more and more widespread.Robins have long been a favourite illustration on Christmas cards, as they have become associated with the Christmas season and are a welcome sight in snowy gardens and landscapes, where their vivid red breasts really stand out against the icy whiteness and brighten up a gloomy, winter’s day.

Nowadays, you can get a huge range of different robin designs on Christmas cards, and you can choose from vintage Victorian Christmas robin designs through to modern, abstract robins, or even humorous, cartoon robin red breasts.

So look out for a cheeky robin next time you are out enjoying your garden.If you feed the robins or regularly dig the soil which gives them a great supply of worms and insect, they will soon become used to your presence and allow you come quite close. There are several other species of robin found around the world, some of which also have the red breast feathers such as the American Robin and the Australian red robin. But the most familiar image of a robin, whether it is on a Christmas card or from an old legend, is that of the European robin, the robin red breast, the one that we know and love in our own back gardens.

Copyright 2011 CMHypno on HubPages

Robin in the snow image Christine Matthews on Geograph under Creative Commons Attribution - Share Alike 2.0 licence

Robin's nest amandabhslater under Creative CommonsAttribution - Share Alike 2.0 Generic licence

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2011 CMHypno


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    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Glad you enjoyed the hub about European robins There are several robin species around the world, but here in the UK they are the bird we associate with Christmas and snow

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Glad that robins are the harbingers of spring in your part of the world moonlake. In the UK our robins stay in the garden all year round and, although they are tiny, they are very bossy with the other birds and have little fear of us humans. Thanks for reading the hub and kindly leaving a comment.

    • moonlake profile image


      7 years ago from America

      I live in Wisconsin so we are always happy to see our first robin in the spring we know winter is pretty much over. Our robins are very different looking from European robin. Voted up.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Your dogs are probably afreaid of the robins, the herbivorehippi, as they are feisty little birds and very territorial. Thanks for reading the hub and leaving a great comment

    • theherbivorehippi profile image


      8 years ago from Holly, MI

      I'm here in Michigan so robins are EVERYWHERE you look here but funny....I never knew a lot about them until now except that they make me smile and they're one of the few birds my dogs don't chase for some reason. Great information here. Thanks!

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for reading the hub and leaving a coment. I really don't know why your robin has only just arrived GoodLady, as here in the UK they stay all year round. I'm glad that robins give you comfort and remind you of loved ones who have passed over.

    • GoodLady profile image

      Penelope Hart 

      9 years ago from Rome, Italy

      Thanks so much for your informative and pleasant hub. I live in Italy and a robin has just turned up (October 18th). I always associate robins with the spirit of my deceased loved ones, (husband, brother). so when I see one, I think of my dearests with so much love, especially my brother. The robin sang away this October, perched on the pergola outside my bedroom window, literally telling me that all is well; my brother's happy.

      It made me wonder where the robin was during the summer? I asked Hub this question just now, but perhaps you could help with an answer.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Hi Peggy, I'm glad that you have robins in your garden. Over here in the UK we tend to associate them with the winter months, as they do not migrate and stay in the gardens all through the cold. Thanks for reading the hub and leaving a comment

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      9 years ago from Houston, Texas

      We have robins year round in our Houston, Texas garden but I still remember the thrill of seeing the first robins each Spring when we lived in Wisconsin. We knew that warmer weather was soon to follow. They are beautiful birds. Thanks for this informative hub!

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      You are lucky to have such beautiful birds in your garden vocalcoach, especially if they are around early in the morning. Thanks for reading about robins and leaving a comment

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 

      9 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      We have a beautiful display of robins here in Tennessee. My favorite is the "redbreast" which sit on my lawn and come right up to my window. What a lovely welcome to see them each morning - and what a lovely hub!

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Hi ktrapp, thanks for reading the hub and leaving a comment. It is great how the robins work together to bring up their young, and I agree with you, we could do with more of it ourselves, and more of putting the children first

    • ktrapp profile image

      Kristin Trapp 

      9 years ago from Illinois

      I love how the male and female Robins work together in harmony. People could probably learn a few lessons from these birds. I had never heard the myths about the Robin's coloring. That was really interesting.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      What a beautiful state bird you have James. I'm glad that you enjoyed reading about robins and thanks for visiting the hub

    • James A Watkins profile image

      James A Watkins 

      9 years ago from Chicago

      The Robin is the state bird of my home state Michigan. I love them. Thank you for educating me about them. I never knew much about them until today except that I love to have them around.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for reading about European robins Hello, hello, and for leaving a great comment

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 

      9 years ago from London, UK

      What a lovely hub you wrote here. Thankyou so much for the pleasure of reading it.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Hi Simone, thanks for reading about robins and leaving a comment. Over here in the UK Christmas robins are a big thing, and there are robins on Christmas cards, Christmas tree ornaments, candles etc.

    • Simone Smith profile image

      Simone Haruko Smith 

      9 years ago from San Francisco

      Oh how lovely! And I'd not realized that Robins were such a common Christmas card theme.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Hi Nell, it is a lovely story that a brave little robin could fly all the way from heaven just to give us the gift of fire. Glad that you enjoyed the hub and thanks for leaving a wonderful comment

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      9 years ago from England

      Hi, this was a lovely history of the Robin, I never knew the old stories about how the red breast came about, I love bringing fire to warm the people, how lovely. and the fact that they produce one egg a day in the early morning, lovely hub, cheers nell

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      I thought that you might like robins prasetio, as you are a real nature lover. Thanks for reading the robin hub and leaving a great comment

    • prasetio30 profile image


      9 years ago from malang-indonesia

      I am bird lovers. Thanks for writing this. Robin is a beautiful one. Vote it up!


    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Lots of people love robins Sandyspider, so welcome to the club!. Thanks for reading the hub and leaving a comment.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Glad that you found the hub on Robin Red Breasts interesting homesteadbound. It is amazing how many old wives tales there are out there, when you start researching. Thanks for the read and the comment

    • Sandyspider profile image

      Sandy Mertens 

      9 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Robins are one of my favorite birds. Nicely written.

    • homesteadbound profile image

      Cindy Murdoch 

      9 years ago from Texas

      Thanks so much for your interesting article. I really enjoyed the myths about how they got their red breast. In the future, when I see a robin, I will view them more thoughtfully because of what you shared.

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Thanks for reading about robins Alicia, I think that we could have a HubPages robin fan club forming. Glad that you enjoyed the hub and thanks for leaving a comment

    • CMHypno profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Glad that you are another robin lover citychick! Thanks for reading about robins and leaving a great comment.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      9 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I love the European robin too! They are such pretty birds, and it's lovely to have them follow you around in the garden. Thank you for all the interesting myths and legends about robins and for a great hub.

    • citychick profile image


      9 years ago from Ulster County, New York

      I've always loved I know why! Thanks for the great hub.


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